James 4:9
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Grieve, mourn and wail. Change your laughter to mourning and your joy to gloom.

King James Bible
Be afflicted, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to heaviness.

Darby Bible Translation
Be wretched, and mourn, and weep: let your laughter be turned to mourning, and [your] joy to heaviness.

World English Bible
Lament, mourn, and weep. Let your laughter be turned to mourning, and your joy to gloom.

Young's Literal Translation
be exceeding afflicted, and mourn, and weep, let your laughter to mourning be turned, and the joy to heaviness;

James 4:9 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Be afflicted, and mourn - Without true and deep repentance ye cannot expect the mercy of God.

Let your laughter be turned to mourning - It appears most evidently that many of those to whom St. James addressed this epistle had lived a very irregular and dissolute life. He had already spoken of their lust, and pleasures, and he had called them adulterers and adulteresses; and perhaps they were so in the grossest sense of the words. He speaks here of their laughter and their joy; and all the terms taken together show that a dissolute life is intended. What a strange view must he have of the nature of primitive Christianity, who can suppose that these words can possibly have been addressed to people professing the Gospel of Jesus Christ, who were few in number, without wealth or consequence, and were persecuted and oppressed both by their brethren the Jews and by the Romans!

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

afflicted.

James 5:1,2 Go to now, you rich men, weep and howl for your miseries that shall come on you...

Psalm 119:67,71,136 Before I was afflicted I went astray: but now have I kept your word...

Psalm 126:5,6 They that sow in tears shall reap in joy...

Ecclesiastes 7:2-5 It is better to go to the house of mourning, than to go to the house of feasting: for that is the end of all men...

Isaiah 22:12,13 And in that day did the Lord GOD of hosts call to weeping, and to mourning, and to baldness, and to girding with sackcloth...

Jeremiah 31:9,13,18-20 They shall come with weeping, and with supplications will I lead them...

Ezekiel 7:16 But they that escape of them shall escape, and shall be on the mountains like doves of the valleys, all of them mourning...

Ezekiel 16:63 That you may remember, and be confounded, and never open your mouth any more because of your shame...

Zechariah 12:10 And I will pour on the house of David, and on the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the spirit of grace and of supplications...

*etc:

Matthew 5:4 Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall be comforted.

Luke 6:21 Blessed are you that hunger now: for you shall be filled. Blessed are you that weep now: for you shall laugh.

2 Corinthians 7:10,11 For godly sorrow works repentance to salvation not to be repented of: but the sorrow of the world works death...

let.

Job 30:31 My harp also is turned to mourning, and my organ into the voice of them that weep.

Proverbs 14:13 Even in laughter the heart is sorrowful; and the end of that mirth is heaviness.

Ecclesiastes 2:2 I said of laughter, It is mad: and of mirth, What does it?

Ecclesiastes 7:6 For as the crackling of thorns under a pot, so is the laughter of the fool: this also is vanity.

Lamentations 5:15 The joy of our heart is ceased; our dance is turned into mourning.

Luke 6:25 Woe to you that are full! for you shall hunger. Woe to you that laugh now! for you shall mourn and weep.

Luke 16:25 But Abraham said, Son, remember that you in your lifetime received your good things, and likewise Lazarus evil things...

Revelation 18:7,8 How much she has glorified herself, and lived deliciously, so much torment and sorrow give her: for she said in her heart...

Library
December 29 Evening
Draw nigh to God, and he will draw nigh to you.--JAMES 4:8. Enoch walked with God.--Can two walk together, except they be agreed?--It is good for me to draw near to God. The Lord is with you, while ye be with him: and if ye seek him, he will be found of you: but if ye forsake him, he will forsake you. When they in their trouble did turn unto the Lord God of Israel, and sought him, he was found of them. For I know the thoughts that I think toward you, saith the Lord, thoughts of peace, and not of
Anonymous—Daily Light on the Daily Path

April 4. "Resist the Devil and He Will Flee" (James iv. 7).
"Resist the devil and he will flee" (James iv. 7). Resist the devil, and he will flee from you. This is a promise, and God will keep it to us. If we resist the adversary, He will compel him to flee, and will give us the victory. We can, at all times, fearlessly stand up in defiance, in resistance to the enemy, and claim the protection of our heavenly King just as a citizen would claim the protection of the government against an outrage or injustice on the part of violent men. At the same time we
Rev. A. B. Simpson—Days of Heaven Upon Earth

Next Let not Man, Now that He Knoweth that by the Grace of God...
44. Next let not man, now that he knoweth that by the grace of God he is what he is, fall into another snare of pride, so as by lifting up himself for the very grace of God to despise the rest. By which fault that other Pharisee both gave thanks unto God for the goods which he had, and yet vaunted himself above the Publican confessing his sins. What therefore should a virgin do, what should she think, that she vaunt not herself above those, men or women, who have not this so great gift? For she ought
St. Augustine—Of Holy Virginity.

Whether Strife is a Daughter of Anger?
Objection 1: It would seem that strife is not a daughter of anger. For it is written (James 4:1): "Whence are wars and contentions? Are they not . . . from your concupiscences, which war in your members?" But anger is not in the concupiscible faculty. Therefore strife is a daughter, not of anger, but of concupiscence. Objection 2: Further, it is written (Prov. 28:25): "He that boasteth and puffeth up himself, stirreth up quarrels." Now strife is apparently the same as quarrel. Therefore it seems
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Nehemiah 8:9
Then Nehemiah the governor, Ezra the priest and teacher of the Law, and the Levites who were instructing the people said to them all, "This day is holy to the LORD your God. Do not mourn or weep." For all the people had been weeping as they listened to the words of the Law.

Proverbs 14:13
Even in laughter the heart may ache, and rejoicing may end in grief.

Matthew 21:41
"He will bring those wretches to a wretched end," they replied, "and he will rent the vineyard to other tenants, who will give him his share of the crop at harvest time."

Luke 6:25
Woe to you who are well fed now, for you will go hungry. Woe to you who laugh now, for you will mourn and weep.

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