for if there may come into your synagogue a man with gold ring, in gay raiment, and there may come in also a poor man in vile raiment,
James 2:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
If there come unto your assembly - Εις την συναγωγην· Into the synagogue. It appears from this that the apostle is addressing Jews who frequented their synagogues, and carried on their worship there and judicial proceedings, as the Jews were accustomed to do. Our word assembly does not express the original; and we cannot suppose that these synagogues were at this time occupied with Christian worship, but that the Christian Jews continued to frequent them for the purpose of hearing the law and the prophets read, as they had formerly done, previously to their conversion to the Christian faith. But St. James may refer here to proceedings in a court of justice.
With a gold ring, in goodly apparel - The ring on the finger and the splendid garb were proofs of the man's opulence; and his ring and his coat, not his worth, moral good qualities, or the righteousness of his cause, procured him the respect of which St. James speaks.
There come in also a poor man - In ancient times petty courts of judicature were held in the synagogues, as Vitringa has sufficiently proved, De Vet. Syn. l. 3, p. 1, c. 11; and it is probable that the case here adduced was one of a judicial kind, where, of the two parties, one was rich and the other poor; and the master or ruler of the synagogue, or he who presided in this court, paid particular deference to the rich man, and neglected the poor man; though, as plaintiff and defendant, they were equal in the eye of justice, and should have been considered so by an impartial judge.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
assembly. Gr. synagogue. gold.
Esther 3:10 And the king took his ring from his hand, and gave it to Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, the Jews' enemy.
Esther 8:2 And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai...
Luke 15:22 But the father said to his servants, Bring forth the best robe, and put it on him; and put a ring on his hand, and shoes on his feet:
Genesis 27:15 And Rebekah took goodly raiment of her oldest son Esau, which were with her in the house, and put them on Jacob her younger son:
Matthew 11:8,9 But what went you out for to see? A man clothed in soft raiment? behold, they that wear soft clothing are in kings' houses...
Isaiah 64:6 But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities...
Zechariah 3:3,4 Now Joshua was clothed with filthy garments, and stood before the angel...
James 2:2 Parallel CommentariesApparel Assembly Clothes Clothing Dirty Dressed Fair Filthy Fine Gay Gold Goodly Meeting Meetings Poor Raiment Ring Rings Splendid Suppose Synagogue Vile WearingApparel Assembly Clothes Clothing Dirty Dressed Fair Filthy Fine Gay Gold Goodly Meeting Meetings Poor Raiment Ring Rings Splendid Suppose Synagogue Vile WearingTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
James 2:2 Mobile Bible
James 2:2 Bible Suite
James 2:2 Biblia Paralela
James 2:2 Chinese Bible