and each one is tempted, by his own desires being led away and enticed,
James 1:14 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
But every man is tempted - Successfully solicited to sin, when he is drawn away of his own lust - when, giving way to the evil propensity of his own heart, he does that to which he is solicited by the enemy of his soul.
Among the rabbins we find some fine sayings on this subject. In Midrash hanaalam, fol. 20, and Yalcut Rubeni, fol. 17, it is said: "This is the custom of evil concupiscence, יצר הרע yetser hara: To-day it saith, Do this; to-morrow, Worship an idol. The man goes and worships. Again it saith, Be angry."
"Evil concupiscence is, at the beginning, like the thread of a spider's web; afterwards it is like a cart rope." Sanhedrim, fol. 99.
In the words, drawn away by his own lust and enticed, ὑπο της ιδιας επιθυμιας εξελκομενος και δελεαζομενος, there is a double metaphor; the first referring to the dragging a fish out of the water by a hook which it had swallowed, because concealed by a bait; the second, to the enticements of impure women, who draw away the unwary into their snares, and involve them in their ruin. Illicit connections of this kind the writer has clearly in view; and every word that he uses refers to something of this nature, as the following verse shows.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
James 4:1,2 From where come wars and fights among you? come they not hence, even of your lusts that war in your members...
Genesis 6:5 And God saw that the wickedness of man was great in the earth...
Genesis 8:21 And the LORD smelled a sweet smell; and the LORD said in his heart, I will not again curse the ground any more for man's sake...
Joshua 7:21-24 When I saw among the spoils a goodly Babylonish garment, and two hundred shekels of silver, and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight...
2 Samuel 11:2,3 And it came to pass in an evening, that David arose from off his bed, and walked on the roof of the king's house...
1 Kings 21:2-4 And Ahab spoke to Naboth, saying, Give me your vineyard, that I may have it for a garden of herbs, because it is near to my house...
Job 31:9 If my heart have been deceived by a woman, or if I have laid wait at my neighbor's door;
Job 31:27 And my heart has been secretly enticed, or my mouth has kissed my hand:
Proverbs 4:23 Keep your heart with all diligence; for out of it are the issues of life.
Isaiah 44:20 He feeds on ashes: a deceived heart has turned him aside, that he cannot deliver his soul, nor say...
Hosea 13:9 O Israel, you have destroyed yourself; but in me is your help.
Matthew 5:28 But I say to you, That whoever looks on a woman to lust after her has committed adultery with her already in his heart.
Matthew 15:18,20 But those things which proceed out of the mouth come forth from the heart; and they defile the man...
Mark 7:21 For from within, out of the heart of men, proceed evil thoughts, adulteries, fornications, murders,
Mark 7:22 Thefts, covetousness, wickedness, deceit, lasciviousness, an evil eye, blasphemy, pride, foolishness:
Romans 7:11,13 For sin, taking occasion by the commandment, deceived me, and by it slew me...
Ephesians 4:22 That you put off concerning the former conversation the old man, which is corrupt according to the deceitful lusts;
Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
James 1:14 Parallel CommentariesBait Carried Carry Desire Desires Dragged Drawn Enticed Evil Lust Passions Right Serve Tempted Tested Turned WayBait Carried Carry Desire Desires Dragged Drawn Enticed Evil Lust Passions Right Serve Tempted Tested Turned WayTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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