And goest joyfully to the king in ointment, And dost multiply thy perfumes, And sendest thine ambassadors afar off, And humblest thyself unto Sheol.
Isaiah 57:9 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
And thou wentest to the king with ointment "And thou hast visited the king with a present of oil" - That is, the king of Assyria, or Egypt. Hosea, chap, Hosea 12:1, reproaches the Israelites for the same practice: -
"They make a covenant with Assyria,
And oil is carried to Egypt."
It is well known, that in all parts of the east, whoever visits a great person must carry him a present. "It is counted uncivil," says Maundreg, p. 26, "to visit in this country without an offering in hand. All great men expect it as a tribute due to their character and authority; and look upon themselves as affronted, and indeed defrauded, when the compliment is omitted." Hence שור shur, to visit a person, is equivalent to making him a present; and תשורה teshurah signifies a present made on such occasions; as our translators have rightly rendered it, 1 Samuel 9:7; on which Jarchi says Menachem exponit תשורה teshurah, quod significat oblationem sive manus, ut aliquis aspiciat faciem regis, aut alicuius magnatis. "Menachem expounds תשורה teshurah of an offering or gift which is presented in order to be admitted into the presence of the king or some great man."
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
thou wentest to the king. or, thou respectest the king
Isaiah 30:1-6 Woe to the rebellious children, said the LORD, that take counsel, but not of me; and that cover with a covering, but not of my spirit...
Isaiah 31:1-3 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen...
2 Kings 16:7-11 So Ahaz sent messengers to Tiglathpileser king of Assyria, saying, I am your servant and your son: come up...
Ezekiel 16:33 They give gifts to all whores: but you give your gifts to all your lovers, and hire them...
Ezekiel 23:16 And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted on them, and sent messengers to them into Chaldea.
Hosea 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria.
Hosea 12:1 Ephraim feeds on wind, and follows after the east wind: he daily increases lies and desolation...
Proverbs 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon.
and didst debase
Isaiah 2:9 And the mean man bows down, and the great man humbles himself: therefore forgive them not.
Colossians 2:18 Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels...
Isaiah 57:9 Parallel CommentariesAfar Ambassadors Descended Distance Envoys Far Goest Grave Great Hell Humblest Increase Increased Itself Journeyed Joyfully Low Melech Messengers Multiply Nether-World Oil Ointment Olive Perfume Perfumes Representatives Sendest Sheol Thyself WentestAfar Ambassadors Descended Distance Envoys Far Goest Grave Great Hell Humblest Increase Increased Itself Journeyed Joyfully Low Melech Messengers Multiply Nether-World Oil Ointment Olive Perfume Perfumes Representatives Sendest Sheol Thyself WentestTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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