Shake thyself from dust, arise, sit, O Jerusalem, Bands of thy neck have loosed themselves, O captive, daughter of Zion.
Isaiah 52:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Sit down, O Jerusalem "Ascend thy lofty seat, O Jerusalem" - The literal rendering here is, according to our English translation, "arise, sit;" on which a very learned person remarks: "So the old versions. But sitting is an expression of mourning in Scripture and the ancients; and doth not well agree with the rising just before." It does not indeed agree, according to our ideas; but, considered in an oriental light, it is perfectly consistent. The common manner of sitting in the eastern countries is upon the ground or the floor with the legs crossed. The people of better condition have the floors of their chambers or divans covered with carpets for this purpose; and round the chamber broad couches, raised a little above the floor, spread with mattresses handsomely covered, which are called sofas. When sitting is spoken of as a posture of more than ordinary state, it is quite of a different kind; and means sitting on high, on a chair of state or throne called the musnud; for which a footstool was necessary, both in order that the person might raise himself up to it, and for supporting the legs when he was placed in it. "Chairs," says Sir John Chardin, "are never used in Persia, but at the coronation of their kings. The king is seated in a chair of gold set with jewels, three feet high. The chairs which are used by the people in the east are always so high as to make a footstool necessary. And this proves the propriety of the style of Scripture, which always joins the footstool to the throne." (Isaiah 66:1; Psalm 105:1.) Voyages, tom. 9 p. 85, 12mo. Besides the six steps to Solomon's throne, there was a footstool of gold fastened to the seat, 2 Chronicles 9:18, which would otherwise have been too high for the king to reach, or to sit on conveniently.
When Thetis comes to wait on Vulcan to request armor for her son, she is received with great respect, and seated on a silver-studded throne, a chair of ceremony, with a footstool: -
Την μεν επειτα καθεισεν επι θρονου αργυροηλου,
Καλου, δαιδαλεου· ὑπο δε θρηνυς ποσιν ηεν.
"High on a throne, with stars of silver graced,
And various artifice, the queen she placed;
A footstool at her feet."
Ὁ γαρ θρονος αυτος μονον ελευθεριος εστι καθεδρα συν ὑποποδιῳ.
"A throne is n othing more than a handsome sort of chair with a footstool." - L.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 3:26 And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit on the ground.
Isaiah 51:23 But I will put it into the hand of them that afflict you; which have said to your soul, Bow down, that we may go over...
Jeremiah 51:6,45,50 Flee out of the middle of Babylon, and deliver every man his soul: be not cut off in her iniquity...
Zechariah 2:6 Ho, ho, come forth, and flee from the land of the north, said the LORD: for I have spread you abroad as the four winds of the heaven...
Revelation 18:4 And I heard another voice from heaven, saying, Come out of her, my people, that you be not partakers of her sins...
arise. The common mode of sitting in the East is upon the floor, with the legs crossed; and when sitting is spoken of as a posture of more than ordinary state, it means sitting on high, on a chair of state, or throne. loose
Isaiah 49:21 Then shall you say in your heart, Who has begotten me these, seeing I have lost my children, and am desolate, a captive...
Isaiah 51:14 The captive exile hastens that he may be loosed, and that he should not die in the pit, nor that his bread should fail.
Isaiah 61:1 The Spirit of the Lord GOD is on me; because the LORD has anointed me to preach good tidings to the meek...
Luke 4:18 The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because he has anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor; he has sent me to heal the brokenhearted...
Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations...
Isaiah 52:2 Parallel CommentariesArise Bands Bonds Captive Chains Clean Daughter Dust Enthroned Jerusalem Loose Neck Power Prisoned Rise Seat Shake Sit Themselves Throne Thyself ZionArise Bands Bonds Captive Chains Clean Daughter Dust Enthroned Jerusalem Loose Neck Power Prisoned Rise Seat Shake Sit Themselves Throne Thyself ZionTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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