Woe to Ariel, Ariel, The city of the encampment of David! Add year to year, let festivals go round.
Isaiah 29:1 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Ariel - That Jerusalem is here called by this name is very certain: but the reason of this name, and the meaning of it as applied to Jerusalem, is very obscure and doubtful. Some, with the Chaldee, suppose it to be taken from the hearth of the great altar of burnt-offerings which Ezekiel plainly calls by the same name, and that Jerusalem is here considered as the seat of the fire of God, אור אל ur el which should issue from thence to consume his enemies: compare Isaiah 31:9. Some, according to the common derivation of the word, ארי אל ari el, the lion of God, or the strong lion, suppose it to signify the strength of the place, by which it was enabled to resist and overcome all its enemies. Τινες δε φασι την πολιν οὑτως ειρησθαι· επει, δια Θεου, λεοντος δικην εσπαραττε τους ανταιροντας. Procop. in loc. There are other explanations of this name given: but none that seems to be perfectly satisfactory. - Lowth.
From Ezekiel 43:15, we learn that Ari-el was the name of the altar of burnt-offerings, put here for the city itself in which that altar was. In the second verse it is said, I will distress Ari-el, and it shall be unto me as Ari-el. The first Ari-el here seems to mean Jerusalem, which should be distressed by the Assyrians: the second Ari-el seems to mean the altar of burntofferings. But why is it said, "Ari-el shall be unto me as Ari-el?" As the altar of burntofferings was surrounded daily by the victims which were offered: so the walls of Jerusalem shall be surrounded by the dead bodies of those who had rebelled against the Lord, and who should be victims to his justice. The translation of Bishop Lowth appears to embrace both meanings: "I will bring distress upon Ari-el; and it shall be to me as the hearth of the great altar."
Add ye year to year - Ironically. Go on year after year, keep your solemn feasts; yet know, that God will punish you for your hypocritical worship, consisting of mere form destitute of true piety. Probably delivered at the time of some great feast, when they were thus employed.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
woe. etc. or, O Ariel, that is the lion of God
Isaiah 31:9 And he shall pass over to his strong hold for fear, and his princes shall be afraid of the ensign, said the LORD, whose fire is in Zion...
Ezekiel 43:15,16 So the altar shall be four cubits; and from the altar and upward shall be four horns...
the city. or, of the city
2 Samuel 5:9 So David dwelled in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
Isaiah 1:11-15 To what purpose is the multitude of your sacrifices to me? said the LORD: I am full of the burnt offerings of rams...
Jeremiah 7:21 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Put your burnt offerings to your sacrifices, and eat flesh.
Hosea 5:6 They shall go with their flocks and with their herds to seek the LORD; but they shall not find him; he has withdrawn himself from them.
Hosea 8:13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of my offerings, and eat it; but the LORD accepts them not; now will he remember their iniquity...
Hosea 9:4 They shall not offer wine offerings to the LORD, neither shall they be pleasing to him...
Amos 4:4,5 Come to Bethel, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning...
Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things...
kill. Heb. cut off the heads
Isaiah 66:3 He that kills an ox is as if he slew a man; he that sacrifices a lamb, as if he cut off a dog's neck; he that offers an oblation...
Micah 6:6,7 With which shall I come before the LORD, and bow myself before the high God? shall I come before him with burnt offerings...
Isaiah 29:1 Parallel CommentariesAdd Ah Ariel Camped City Cycle David David's Dwelt Encamped Feasts Festivals Ho Kill Observe Once Round Run Sacrifices Settled War Wo WoeAdd Ah Ariel Camped City Cycle David David's Dwelt Encamped Feasts Festivals Ho Kill Observe Once Round Run Sacrifices Settled War Wo WoeTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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