Hosea 3:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
For the Israelites will live many days without king or prince, without sacrifice or sacred stones, without ephod or household gods.

King James Bible
For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim:

Darby Bible Translation
For the children of Israel shall abide many days without king, and without prince, and without sacrifice, and without statue, and without ephod and teraphim.

World English Bible
For the children of Israel shall live many days without king, and without prince, and without sacrifice, and without sacred stone, and without ephod or idols.

Young's Literal Translation
For many days remain do the sons of Israel without a king, and there is no prince, and there is no sacrifice, and there is no standing pillar, and there is no ephod and teraphim.

Hosea 3:4 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Many days without a king - Hitherto this prophecy has been literally fulfilled. Since the destruction of the temple by the Romans they have neither had king nor prince, nor any civil government of their own, but have lived in different nations of the earth as mere exiles. They have neither priests nor sacrifices nor urim nor thummim; no prophet, no oracle, no communication of any kind from God.

Without an image ephod - teraphim - The Septuagint read, Ουδε ουσης θυσιας, ουδε οντος θυσιαστηριου, ουδε ἱερατειας, ουδε δηλων: "Without a sacrifice, without an altar, without a priesthood, and without oracles;" that is, the urim and thummim. The Vulgate, Arabic, and Syriac read nearly the same. Instead of מצבה matstsebah, an image, they have evidently read מזבח mizbeach, an altar; the letters of these words being very similar, and easily mistaken for each other. But instead of either, one, if not two, of Kennicott's MSS. has מנחה minchah, an oblation.

What is called image may signify any kind of pillar, such as God forbade them to erect Leviticus 26:1, lest it should be an incitement to idolatry.

The ephod was the high priest's garment of ceremony; the teraphim were some kind of amulets, telesms, or idolatrous images; the urim and thummim belonged to the breastplate, which was attached to the ephod.

Instead of teraphim some would read seraphim, changing the ת tau into ש sin; these are an order of the celestial hierarchy. In short, all the time that the Israelites were in captivity in Babylon, they seem to have been as wholly without forms of idolatrous worship as they were without the worship of God; and this may be what the prophet designs: they were totally without any kind of public worship, whether true or false. As well without images and teraphim, as they were without sacrifice and ephod, though still idolaters in their hearts. They were in a state of the most miserable darkness, which was to continue many days; and it has continued now nearly eighteen hundred years, and must continue yet longer, till they acknowledge him as their Savior whom they crucified as a blasphemer.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

without a king.

Hosea 10:3 For now they shall say, We have no king, because we feared not the LORD; what then should a king do to us?

Genesis 49:10 The scepter shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come...

Jeremiah 15:4,5 And I will cause them to be removed into all kingdoms of the earth, because of Manasseh the son of Hezekiah king of Judah...

John 19:15 But they cried out, Away with him, away with him, crucify him. Pilate said to them, Shall I crucify your King?...

without a sacrifice.

2 Chronicles 15:2 And he went out to meet Asa, and said to him, Hear you me, Asa, and all Judah and Benjamin; The LORD is with you...

Daniel 8:11-13 Yes, he magnified himself even to the prince of the host, and by him the daily sacrifice was taken away...

Daniel 9:27 And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week...

Daniel 12:11 And from the time that the daily sacrifice shall be taken away, and the abomination that makes desolate set up...

Matthew 24:1,2 And Jesus went out, and departed from the temple: and his disciples came to him for to show him the buildings of the temple...

Luke 21:24 And they shall fall by the edge of the sword, and shall be led away captive into all nations...

Acts 6:13,14 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceases not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law...

Hebrews 10:26 For if we sin willfully after that we have received the knowledge of the truth, there remains no more sacrifice for sins,

an image. Heb. a standing, or statue, or pillar.

Isaiah 19:19,20 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the middle of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD...

ephod.

Exodus 28:4 And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a turban...

Leviticus 8:7 And he put on him the coat, and girded him with the girdle, and clothed him with the robe, and put the ephod on him...

Judges 8:27 And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, even in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it...

Judges 17:5 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

1 Samuel 2:18 But Samuel ministered before the LORD, being a child, girded with a linen ephod.

1 Samuel 14:3 And Ahiah, the son of Ahitub, Ichabod's brother, the son of Phinehas, the son of Eli, the LORD's priest in Shiloh, wearing an ephod...

1 Samuel 21:9 And the priest said, The sword of Goliath the Philistine, whom you slew in the valley of Elah, behold...

1 Samuel 22:18 And the king said to Doeg, Turn you, and fall on the priests. And Doeg the Edomite turned, and he fell on the priests...

1 Samuel 23:6,9 And it came to pass, when Abiathar the son of Ahimelech fled to David to Keilah, that he came down with an ephod in his hand...

1 Samuel 30:7 And David said to Abiathar the priest, Ahimelech's son, I pray you, bring me here the ephod...

2 Samuel 6:14 And David danced before the LORD with all his might; and David was girded with a linen ephod.

without teraphim.

Genesis 31:19 And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that were her father's.

.

Judges 17:5 And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

Judges 18:17-24 And the five men that went to spy out the land went up, and came in thither, and took the graven image, and the ephod, and the teraphim...

2 Kings 23:24 Moreover the workers with familiar spirits, and the wizards, and the images, and the idols...

.

Ezekiel 20:32 And that which comes into your mind shall not be at all, that you say, We will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries...

Ezekiel 21:21 For the king of Babylon stood at the parting of the way, at the head of the two ways, to use divination: he made his arrows bright...

.

Micah 5:11-14 And I will cut off the cities of your land, and throw down all your strong holds...

Zechariah 13:2 And it shall come to pass in that day, said the LORD of hosts, that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land...

Library
Whether Devils have Faith
Whether Devils Have Faith We proceed to the second article thus: 1. It seems that devils do not have faith. For Augustine says that "faith depends on the will of those who believe" {De Praed. Sanct. 5). Now the will whereby one wills to believe in God is good. But there is no deliberate good will in devils. Hence it seems that devils do not have faith. 2. Again, faith is a gift of grace, according to Eph. 2:8: "For by grace ye are saved through faith . . . it is the gift of God." Now the gloss on
Aquinas—Nature and Grace

The Shaking of the Heavens and the Earth
Thus saith the LORD of hosts, Yet this once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land: and I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come, and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts. G od shook the earth when He proclaimed His law to Israel from Sinai. The description, though very simple, presents to our thoughts a scene unspeakably majestic, grand and awful. The mountain was in flames at the top, and
John Newton—Messiah Vol. 1

Cross References
Genesis 31:19
When Laban had gone to shear his sheep, Rachel stole her father's household gods.

Genesis 31:34
Now Rachel had taken the household gods and put them inside her camel's saddle and was sitting on them. Laban searched through everything in the tent but found nothing.

Exodus 28:4
These are the garments they are to make: a breastpiece, an ephod, a robe, a woven tunic, a turban and a sash. They are to make these sacred garments for your brother Aaron and his sons, so they may serve me as priests.

Judges 17:5
Now this man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and some household gods and installed one of his sons as his priest.

Judges 18:14
Then the five men who had spied out the land of Laish said to their fellow Danites, "Do you know that one of these houses has an ephod, some household gods and an image overlaid with silver? Now you know what to do."

Judges 18:17
The five men who had spied out the land went inside and took the idol, the ephod and the household gods while the priest and the six hundred armed men stood at the entrance of the gate.

1 Samuel 15:23
For rebellion is like the sin of divination, and arrogance like the evil of idolatry. Because you have rejected the word of the LORD, he has rejected you as king."

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