Hosea 13:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
When Ephraim spoke, people trembled; he was exalted in Israel. But he became guilty of Baal worship and died.

King James Bible
When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died.

Darby Bible Translation
When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling; he exalted himself in Israel: but he trespassed through Baal, and he died.

World English Bible
When Ephraim spoke, there was trembling. He exalted himself in Israel, but when he became guilty in Baal, he died.

Young's Literal Translation
When Ephraim speaketh tremblingly, He hath been lifted up in Israel, When he becometh guilty in Baal he dieth.

Hosea 13:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

When Ephraim spake trembling - When he was meek and humble, of a broken heart and contrite spirit.

He exalted himself in Israel - He became great in God's sight; he rose in the Divine esteem in proportion as he sank in his own. But this did not continue.

He offended in Baal - He became an idolater.

He died - The sentence of death from the Divine justice went out against him.

This has been differently understood: "As soon as Ephraim spake (To your tents, O Israel!) There was a trembling or commotion: then the kingdom was exalted in Israel." Thus taken, it refers to the division of the ten tribes from Rehoboam, son of Solomon, 1 Kings 12:16, etc., and the establishment of the kingdom of Israel under Jeroboam in opposition to that of Judah; which breach was never healed.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Ephraim.

1 Samuel 15:17 And Samuel said, When you were little in your own sight, were you not made the head of the tribes of Israel...

Proverbs 18:12 Before destruction the heart of man is haughty, and before honor is humility.

Isaiah 66:2 For all those things has my hand made, and all those things have been, said the LORD: but to this man will I look...

Luke 14:11 For whoever exalts himself shall be abased; and he that humbles himself shall be exalted.

exalted.

Numbers 2:18-21 On the west side shall be the standard of the camp of Ephraim according to their armies...

Numbers 10:22 And the standard of the camp of the children of Ephraim set forward according to their armies...

Numbers 13:8,16 Of the tribe of Ephraim, Oshea the son of Nun...

Numbers 27:16-23 Let the LORD, the God of the spirits of all flesh, set a man over the congregation...

Joshua 3:7 And the LORD said to Joshua, This day will I begin to magnify you in the sight of all Israel, that they may know that...

1 Kings 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelled therein; and went out from there, and built Penuel.

offended.

Hosea 11:2 As they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed to Baalim, and burned incense to graven images.

1 Kings 16:29-33 And in the thirty and eighth year of Asa king of Judah began Ahab the son of Omri to reign over Israel...

1 Kings 18:18,19 And he answered, I have not troubled Israel; but you, and your father's house, in that you have forsaken the commandments of the LORD...

2 Kings 17:16-18 And they left all the commandments of the LORD their God, and made them molten images, even two calves, and made a grove...

died.

Genesis 2:17 But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, you shall not eat of it: for in the day that you eat thereof you shall surely die.

Romans 5:12 Why, as by one man sin entered into the world, and death by sin; and so death passed on all men, for that all have sinned:

2 Corinthians 5:14 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead:

Library
Destruction and Help
'O Israel, thou hast destroyed thyself; but in Me is thine help.'--HOSEA xiii. 9 (A.V.). 'It is thy destruction, O Israel, that thou art against Me, against thy Help' (R.V.). These words are obscure by reason of their brevity. Literally they might be rendered, 'Thy destruction for, in, or against Me; in, or against thy Help.' Obviously, some words must be supplied to bring out any sense. Our Authorised Version has chosen the supplement 'is,' which fails to observe the second occurrence with 'thy
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

A Prophet of Peace
[This chapter is based on 2 Kings 4.] The work of Elisha as a prophet was in some respects very different from that of Elijah. To Elijah had been committed messages of condemnation and judgment; his was the voice of fearless reproof, calling king and people to turn from their evil ways. Elisha's was a more peaceful mission; his it was to build up and strengthen the work that Elijah had begun; to teach the people the way of the Lord. Inspiration pictures him as coming into personal touch with the
Ellen Gould White—The Story of Prophets and Kings

The Quotation in Matt. Ii. 6.
Several interpreters, Paulus especially, have asserted that the interpretation of Micah which is here given, was that of the Sanhedrim only, and not of the Evangelist, who merely recorded what happened and was said. But this assertion is at once refuted when we consider the object which Matthew has in view in his entire representation of the early life of Jesus. His object in recording the early life of Jesus is not like that of Luke, viz., to communicate historical information to his readers.
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Hosea
The book of Hosea divides naturally into two parts: i.-iii. and iv.-xiv., the former relatively clear and connected, the latter unusually disjointed and obscure. The difference is so unmistakable that i.-iii. have usually been assigned to the period before the death of Jeroboam II, and iv.-xiv. to the anarchic period which succeeded. Certainly Hosea's prophetic career began before the end of Jeroboam's reign, as he predicts the fall of the reigning dynasty, i. 4, which practically ended with Jeroboam's
John Edgar McFadyen—Introduction to the Old Testament

Cross References
Judges 8:1
Now the Ephraimites asked Gideon, "Why have you treated us like this? Why didn't you call us when you went to fight Midian?" And they challenged him vigorously.

Judges 12:1
The Ephraimite forces were called out, and they crossed over to Zaphon. They said to Jephthah, "Why did you go to fight the Ammonites without calling us to go with you? We're going to burn down your house over your head."

Job 29:21
"People listened to me expectantly, waiting in silence for my counsel.

Job 29:22
After I had spoken, they spoke no more; my words fell gently on their ears.

Hosea 2:8
She has not acknowledged that I was the one who gave her the grain, the new wine and oil, who lavished on her the silver and gold-- which they used for Baal.

Hosea 8:4
They set up kings without my consent; they choose princes without my approval. With their silver and gold they make idols for themselves to their own destruction.

Hosea 11:2
But the more they were called, the more they went away from me. They sacrificed to the Baals and they burned incense to images.

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