Hosea 12:1
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Ephraim feeds on the wind; he pursues the east wind all day and multiplies lies and violence. He makes a treaty with Assyria and sends olive oil to Egypt.

King James Bible
Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt.

Darby Bible Translation
Ephraim feedeth on wind, and pursueth after the east wind: all day long he multiplieth lies and desolation; and they make a covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried into Egypt.

World English Bible
Ephraim feeds on wind, and chases the east wind. He continually multiplies lies and desolation. They make a covenant with Assyria, and oil is carried into Egypt.

Young's Literal Translation
Ephraim is enjoying wind, And is pursuing an east wind, All the day lying and spoiling he multiplieth, And a covenant with Asshur they make, And oil to Egypt is carried.

Hosea 12:1 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Ephraim feedeth on wind - He forms and follows empty and unstable counsels.

Followeth after the east wind - They are not only empty, but dangerous and destructive. The east wind was, and still is, in all countries, a parching, wasting, injurious wind.

He daily increaseth lies - He promises himself safety from foreign alliances. He "made a covenant with the Assyrians," and sent a subsidy of "oil to Egypt." The latter abandoned him; the former oppressed him.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

feedeth.

Hosea 8:7 For they have sown the wind, and they shall reap the whirlwind: it has no stalk; the bud shall yield no meal: if so be it yield...

Job 15:2 Should a wise man utter vain knowledge, and fill his belly with the east wind?

Jeremiah 22:22 The wind shall eat up all your pastors, and your lovers shall go into captivity...

he daily.

Hosea 11:12 Ephraim compasses me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet rules with God...

and they.

Hosea 5:13 When Ephraim saw his sickness, and Judah saw his wound, then went Ephraim to the Assyrian, and sent to king Jareb...

2 Kings 15:19 And Pul the king of Assyria came against the land: and Menahem gave Pul a thousand talents of silver...

2 Kings 17:4-6 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt...

Isaiah 30:6,7 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from where come the young and old lion...

Library
Everybody's Sermon
Now it struck me that God is every day preaching to us by similitudes. When Christ was on earth he preached in parables, and, though he is in heaven now, he is preaching in parables to-day. Providence is God's sermon. The things which we see about us are God's thoughts and God's words to us; and if we were but wise there is not a step that we take, which me should not find to be full of mighty instruction. O ye sons of men! God warns you every day by his own word; he speaks to you by the lips of
Charles Haddon Spurgeon—Spurgeon's Sermons Volume 4: 1858

The Twofold Wrestle --God's with Jacob and Jacob's with God
'And Jacob said, O God of my father Abraham, and God of my father Isaac, the Lord which saidst unto me, Return unto thy country, and to thy kindred, and I will deal well with thee: I am not worthy of the least of all the mercies, and of all the truth, which Thou hast shewed unto Thy servant; for with my staff I passed over this Jordan; and now I am become two bands. Deliver me, I pray thee, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau: for I fear him, lest he will come and smite me, and the
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture

Motives to Holy Mourning
Let me exhort Christians to holy mourning. I now persuade to such a mourning as will prepare the soul for blessedness. Oh that our hearts were spiritual limbecs, distilling the water of holy tears! Christ's doves weep. They that escape shall be like doves of the valleys, all of them mourning, every one for his iniquity' (Ezekiel 7:16). There are several divine motives to holy mourning: 1 Tears cannot be put to a better use. If you weep for outward losses, you lose your tears. It is like a shower
Thomas Watson—The Beatitudes: An Exposition of Matthew 5:1-12

The Prophet Hosea.
GENERAL PRELIMINARY REMARKS. That the kingdom of Israel was the object of the prophet's ministry is so evident, that upon this point all are, and cannot but be, agreed. But there is a difference of opinion as to whether the prophet was a fellow-countryman of those to whom he preached, or was called by God out of the kingdom of Judah. The latter has been asserted with great confidence by Maurer, among others, in his Observ. in Hos., in the Commentat. Theol. ii. i. p. 293. But the arguments
Ernst Wilhelm Hengstenberg—Christology of the Old Testament

Cross References
Genesis 41:6
After them, seven other heads of grain sprouted--thin and scorched by the east wind.

Jeremiah 2:36
Why do you go about so much, changing your ways? You will be disappointed by Egypt as you were by Assyria.

Jeremiah 7:15
I will thrust you from my presence, just as I did all your fellow Israelites, the people of Ephraim.'

Jeremiah 22:22
The wind will drive all your shepherds away, and your allies will go into exile. Then you will be ashamed and disgraced because of all your wickedness.

Lamentations 5:6
We submitted to Egypt and Assyria to get enough bread.

Ezekiel 17:10
It has been planted, but will it thrive? Will it not wither completely when the east wind strikes it--wither away in the plot where it grew?'"

Hosea 4:19
A whirlwind will sweep them away, and their sacrifices will bring them shame.

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Agreement Asshur Assyria Assyrians Carried Chases Continually Covenant Daily Deceit Desolation Destruction East Egypt Enjoying Ephraim E'phraim Ephraim's Feedeth Feeds Followeth Food Goes Herds Increaseth Lies Makes Moreover Multiplies Multiplieth Multiply Oil Olive Pursues Pursueth Pursuing Sends Spoiling Striveth Treaty Violence Wind
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Agreement Asshur Assyria Assyrians Carried Chases Continually Covenant Daily Deceit Desolation Destruction East Egypt Enjoying Ephraim E'phraim Ephraim's Feedeth Feeds Followeth Food Goes Herds Increaseth Lies Makes Moreover Multiplies Multiplieth Multiply Oil Olive Pursues Pursueth Pursuing Sends Spoiling Striveth Treaty Violence Wind
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