He hath stood, and He measureth earth, He hath seen, and He shaketh off nations, And scatter themselves do mountains of antiquity, Bowed have the hills of old, The ways of old are His.
Habakkuk 3:6 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
He stood, and measured the earth - ארץ erets, the land; he divided the promised land among the twelve tribes. This is the allusion; and this the prophet had in his eye. God not only made a general assignment of the land to the Hebrews; but he even divided it into such portions as the different families required. Here were both power and condescension. When a conqueror had subdued a country, he divided it among his soldiers. Among the Romans, those among whom the conquered lands were divided were termed beneficiary; and the lands beneficia, as being held on the beneficence of the sovereign.
He beheld, and drove asunder the nations - The nations of Canaan, the Hittites, Hivites, Jebusites, etc., and all who opposed his people. Even his look dispersed them.
The everlasting mountains were scattered - Or, broken asunder. This may refer to the convulsions on Mount Sinai; and to the earth quake which announced the descent of the Most High. See Exodus 19:18. "God occupied the summit of the eternal Mount Sinai; and led his people over the eternal mountains of Arabia Petraea; and this sense is preferable to the figurative one, that his ways or doings are predetermined front everlasting." - Newcome.
The epithets עד ad, and עולם olam, eternal, and everlasting, are applied to mountains and immense rocks, because no other parts of nature are less subject to decay or change, than these immense masses of earth and stone, and that almost indestructible stone, granite, out of which Sinai appears to be formed. A piece of the beautiful granite of this mountain now lies before me. This is a figurative description of the passage of the Israelites through the deserts of Arabia, over mountains, rocks, and through the trackless wilderness; over and through which God, by his power and providence, gave them a safe passage.
The following beautiful piece from the Fragments of Aeschylus will illustrate the preceding description, and please the learned reader.
Χωριζε θνητων τον Θεον, και μη δοκει
Ομοιον αυτῳ σαρκινον καθεσταναι·
Ουκ οισθα δ' αυτον· ποτε μεν ὡς πυρ φαινεται
Απλαστον ὁρμῃ ποτε δ' ὑδωρ, ποτε δε γνοφος.
Και θηρσιν αυτος γινεται παρεμφερης,
Ανεμῳ, νεφει τε, κᾳστραπῃ, βροντῃ, βροχῃ.
Ὑπηρετει δ' αυτῳ θαλασσα, και πετραι,
Και πασα πηγη, χ' ὑδατος συστηματα·
Τρεμει δ' ορη και γαια και πελωριος
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 15:17 You shall bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of your inheritance, in the place, O LORD...
Exodus 21:31 Whether he have gored a son, or have gored a daughter, according to this judgment shall it be done to him.
Numbers 34:1-29 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying...
Deuteronomy 32:8 When the Most High divided to the nations their inheritance, when he separated the sons of Adam...
Acts 17:26 And has made of one blood all nations of men for to dwell on all the face of the earth, and has determined the times before appointed...
Joshua 10:42 And all these kings and their land did Joshua take at one time, because the LORD God of Israel fought for Israel.
Joshua 11:18-23 Joshua made war a long time with all those kings...
Nehemiah 9:22-24 Moreover you gave them kingdoms and nations, and did divide them into corners: so they possessed the land of Sihon...
Psalm 135:8-12 Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast...
Habakkuk 3:10 The mountains saw you, and they trembled: the overflowing of the water passed by: the deep uttered his voice...
Genesis 49:26 The blessings of your father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills...
Deuteronomy 33:15 And for the chief things of the ancient mountains, and for the precious things of the lasting hills,
Judges 5:5 The mountains melted from before the LORD, even that Sinai from before the LORD God of Israel.
Psalm 68:16 Why leap you, you high hills? this is the hill which God desires to dwell in; yes, the LORD will dwell in it for ever.
Psalm 114:4-7 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs...
Isaiah 64:1-3 Oh that you would rend the heavens, that you would come down, that the mountains might flow down at your presence...
Nahum 1:5 The mountains quake at him, and the hills melt, and the earth is burned at his presence, yes, the world, and all that dwell therein.
Zechariah 14:4,5 And his feet shall stand in that day on the mount of Olives, which is before Jerusalem on the east...
Psalm 90:2 Before the mountains were brought forth, or ever you had formed the earth and the world, even from everlasting to everlasting...
Psalm 103:17 But the mercy of the LORD is from everlasting to everlasting on them that fear him, and his righteousness to children's children;
Isaiah 51:6,8 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look on the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke...
Micah 5:8 And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the middle of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest...
Matthew 24:35 Heaven and earth shall pass away, but my words shall not pass away.
Luke 1:50 And his mercy is on them that fear him from generation to generation.
Hebrews 13:8 Jesus Christ the same yesterday, and to day, and for ever.
Habakkuk 3:6 Parallel CommentariesAge-Old Ancient Asunder Beheld Beholdeth Bent Bow Broken Collapsed Crumbled Dashed Discomfited Drove Earth Eternal Everlasting High Hills Looked Maketh Measured Mountains Moved Nations Perpetual Pieces Sank Scattered Shaketh Shaking Shook Standeth Startled Stood Suddenly Tremble Unchanging WaysAge-Old Ancient Asunder Beheld Beholdeth Bent Bow Broken Collapsed Crumbled Dashed Discomfited Drove Earth Eternal Everlasting High Hills Looked Maketh Measured Mountains Moved Nations Perpetual Pieces Sank Scattered Shaketh Shaking Shook Standeth Startled Stood Suddenly Tremble Unchanging WaysTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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