and God completeth by the seventh day His work which He hath made, and ceaseth by the seventh day from all His work which He hath made.
Genesis 2:2 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
On the Seventh day God ended, etc. - It is the general voice of Scripture that God finished the whole of the creation in six days, and rested the seventh! giving us an example that we might labor six days, and rest the seventh from all manual exercises. It is worthy of notice that the Septuagint, the Syriac, and the Samaritan, read the sixth day instead of the seventh; and this should be considered the genuine reading, which appears from these versions to have been originally that of the Hebrew text. How the word sixth became changed into seventh may be easily conceived from this circumstance. It is very likely that in ancient times all the numerals were signified by letters, and not by words at full length. This is the case in the most ancient Greek and Latin MSS., and in almost all the rabbinical writings. When these numeral letters became changed for words at full length, two letters nearly similar might be mistaken for each other; ו vau stands for six, ז zain for seven; how easy to mistake these letters for each other when writing the words at full length, and so give birth to the reading in question.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Genesis 1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold, it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
Exodus 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day...
Exodus 23:12 Six days you shall do your work, and on the seventh day you shall rest: that your ox and your donkey may rest...
Exodus 31:17 It is a sign between me and the children of Israel for ever: for in six days the LORD made heaven and earth...
Deuteronomy 5:14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD your God: in it you shall not do any work, you, nor your son, nor your daughter...
Isaiah 58:13 If you turn away your foot from the sabbath, from doing your pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight...
John 5:17 But Jesus answered them, My Father works till now, and I work.
Hebrews 4:4 For he spoke in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
seventh day God. The LXX. Syriac, and the Samaritan Text read the sixth day, which is probably the true reading; as [vav <02053>,] which stands for six, might easily be changed into [zayin,] which denotes seven.
rested. Or, rather, ceased, as the Hebrew word is not opposed to weariness, but to action; as the Divine Being can neither know fatigue, nor stand in need of rest.
Genesis 2:2 Parallel CommentariesCeaseth Completed Completeth End Ended Finished Rest Rested Seventh WorkCeaseth Completed Completeth End Ended Finished Rest Rested Seventh WorkTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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