And Moses saith unto him, 'At my going out of the city, I spread my palms unto Jehovah -- the voices cease, and the hail is not any more, so that thou knowest that the earth is Jehovah's;
Exodus 9:29 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
I will spread abroad my hands - That is, I will make supplication to God that he may remove this plague. This may not be an improper place to make some observations on the ancient manner of approaching the Divine Being in prayer. Kneeling down, stretching out the hands, and lifting them up to heaven, were in frequent use among the Hebrews in their religious worship. Solomon kneeled down on his knees, and spread forth his hands to heaven; 2 Chronicles 6:13. So David, Psalm 143:6 : I stretch forth my hands unto thee. So Ezra: I fell upon my knees, and spread out my hands unto the Lord my God; Ezra 9:5. See also Job JObadiah 11:13 : If thou prepare thine heart, and stretch out thy hands towards him. Most nations who pretended to any kind of worship made use of the same means in approaching the objects of their adoration, viz., kneeling down and stretching out their hands; which custom it is very likely they borrowed from the people of God. Kneeling was ever considered to be the proper posture of supplication, as it expresses humility, contrition, and subjection. If the person to whom the supplication was addressed was within reach, the supplicant caught him by the knees; for as among the ancients the forehead was consecrated to genius, the ear to memory, and the right hand to faith, so the knees were consecrated to mercy. Hence those who entreated favor fell at and caught hold of the knees of the person whose kindness they supplicated. This mode of supplication is particularly referred to in the following passages in Homer: -
Των νυν μιν μνησασα παρεζεο, και λαβε γουνων.
Iliad i., ver. 407.
Now therefore, of these things reminding Jove,
Embrace his knees.
To which the following answer is made: -
Και τοτ' επειτα τοι ειμι Διος ποτι χαλκοβατες δω,
Και μιν γουνασομαι, και μιν πεισεσθαι οΐω.
Iliad i., ver. 426.
Then will I to Jove's brazen-floor'd abode, That I may clasp his knees; and much misdeem Of my endeavor, or my prayer shall speed. Id. See the issue of thus addressing Jove, Ibid., ver. 500-502, and ver. 511, etc.
In the same manner we find our Lord accosted, Matthew 17:14 : There came to him a certain man, kneeling down to him γονυπετων αυτον, falling down at his knees.
As to the lifting up or stretching out of the hands, (often joined to kneeling), of which we have seen already several instances, and of which we have a very remarkable one in this book, Exodus 17:11, where the lifting up or stretching out of the hands of Moses was the means of Israel's prevailing over Amalek; we find many examples of both in ancient authors. Thus Homer: -
Εσθλον γαρ Δυ χειρας ανασχεμεν, αι κ' ελεησῃ.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 9:33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands to the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased...
1 Kings 8:22,38 And Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel...
2 Chronicles 6:12,13 And he stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands...
Ezra 9:5 And at the evening sacrifice I arose up from my heaviness; and having rent my garment and my mantle, I fell on my knees...
Job 11:13 If you prepare your heart, and stretch out your hands toward him;
Psalm 143:6 I stretch forth my hands to you: my soul thirsts after you, as a thirsty land. Selah.
Isaiah 1:15 And when you spread forth your hands, I will hide my eyes from you: yes, when you make many prayers, I will not hear...
that the earth
Deuteronomy 10:14 Behold, the heaven and the heaven of heavens is the LORD's your God, the earth also, with all that therein is.
Psalm 24:1,2 The earth is the LORD's, and the fullness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein...
Psalm 50:12 If I were hungry, I would not tell you: for the world is mine, and the fullness thereof.
Psalm 95:4,5 In his hand are the deep places of the earth: the strength of the hills is his also...
Psalm 135:6 Whatever the LORD pleased, that did he in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places.
1 Corinthians 10:26,28 For the earth is the Lord's, and the fullness thereof...
Exodus 9:29 Parallel CommentariesAbroad Cease City Earth Forth Hail Hands LORD'S Mayest Moses Outside Soon Spread Stretch Thunder ThundersAbroad Cease City Earth Forth Hail Hands LORD'S Mayest Moses Outside Soon Spread Stretch Thunder ThundersTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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