'And I -- I have known that the king of Egypt doth not permit you to go, unless by a strong hand,
Exodus 3:19 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand - When the facts detailed in this history have been considered in connection with the assertion as it stands in our Bibles, the most palpable contradiction has appeared. That the king of Egypt did let them go, and that by a mighty hand, the book itself amply declares. We should therefore seek for another meaning of the original word. ולא velo, which generally means and not, has sometimes the meaning of if not, unless, except, etc.; and in Becke's Bible, 1549, it is thus translated: I am sure that the kyng of Egypt wyl not let you go, Except wyth a mighty hand. This import of the negative particle, which is noticed by Noldius, Heb. Part., p. 328, was perfectly understood by the Vulgate, where it is translated nisi, unless; and the Septuagint in their εαν μη, which is of the same import; and so also the Coptic. The meaning therefore is very plain: The king of Egypt, who now profits much by your servitude, will not let you go till he sees my hand stretched out, and he and his nation be smitten with ten plagues. Hence God immediately adds, Exodus 3:20 : I will stretch out my hand, and smite Egypt with all my wonders - and after that, he will let you go.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 5:2 And Pharaoh said, Who is the LORD, that I should obey his voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.
Exodus 7:4 But Pharaoh shall not listen to you, that I may lay my hand on Egypt, and bring forth my armies, and my people the children of Israel...
no, not by a mighty hand. or, but by a strong hand.
Exodus 6:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, Now shall you see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go...
Exodus 7:1 And the LORD said to Moses, See, I have made you a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron your brother shall be your prophet.
Exodus 8:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, Go to Pharaoh, and say to him, Thus said the LORD, Let my people go, that they may serve me.
Exodus 9:1 Then the LORD said to Moses, Go in to Pharaoh, and tell him, Thus said the LORD God of the Hebrews, Let my people go...
Exodus 10:1 And the LORD said to Moses, Go in to Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants...
Exodus 11:1 And the LORD said to Moses, Yet will I bring one plague more on Pharaoh, and on Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence...
Exodus 12:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt saying,
Exodus 13:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
Exodus 14:1 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying,
Psalm 136:11,12 And brought out Israel from among them: for his mercy endures for ever...
Isaiah 63:12,13 That led them by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm, dividing the water before them, to make himself an everlasting name...
Exodus 3:19 Parallel CommentariesCompelled Compels Compulsion Egypt Except Forced Hand Leave Mighty Permission Permit Powerful Strong Sure Unless Won'tCompelled Compels Compulsion Egypt Except Forced Hand Leave Mighty Permission Permit Powerful Strong Sure Unless Won'tTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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