The runners have gone forth, hastened by the word of the king, and the law hath been given in Shushan the palace, and the king and Haman have sat down to drink, and the city Shushan is perplexed.
Esther 3:15 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The posts - Literally, the couriers, the hircarrahs, those who carried the public despatches; a species of public functionaries, who have been in use in all nations of the world from the remotest antiquity.
The decree was given at Shushan - It was dated from the royal Susa, where the king then was.
The city Shushan was perplexed - They saw that in a short time, by this wicked measure the whole city would be thrown into confusion; for, although the Jews were the only objects of this decree, yet, as it armed the populace against them, even the Persians could not hope to escape without being spoiled, when a desperate mob had begun to taste of human blood, and enrich themselves with the property of the murdered. Besides, many Persian families had, no doubt, become united by intermarriages with Jewish families, and in such a massacre they would necessarily share the same fate with the Jews. A more impolitic, disgraceful, and cruel measure was never formed by any government; and one would suppose that the king who ordered it must have been an idiot, and the counsellors who advised it must have been madmen. But a despotic government is ever capable of extravagance and cruelty; for as it is the bane of popular freedom and happiness, so is it the disgrace of political wisdom and of all civil institutions. Despotism and tyranny in the state are the most direct curses which insulted justice can well inflict upon a sinful nation.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 1:16 For their feet run to evil, and make haste to shed blood.
Proverbs 4:16 For they sleep not, except they have done mischief; and their sleep is taken away, unless they cause some to fall.
Hosea 7:5 In the day of our king the princes have made him sick with bottles of wine; he stretched out his hand with scorners.
Amos 6:6 That drink wine in bowls, and anoint themselves with the chief ointments: but they are not grieved for the affliction of Joseph.
John 16:20 Truly, truly, I say to you, That you shall weep and lament, but the world shall rejoice: and you shall be sorrowful...
Revelation 11:10 And they that dwell on the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another...
Esther 4:16 Go, gather together all the Jews that are present in Shushan, and fast you for me, and neither eat nor drink three days, night or day...
Esther 8:15 And Mordecai went out from the presence of the king in royal apparel of blue and white, and with a great crown of gold...
Proverbs 29:2 When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice: but when the wicked bears rule, the people mourn.
Esther 3:15 Parallel CommentariesCapital Citadel City Command Commandment Confusion Consternation Couriers Decree Departed Drink Edict Forth Haman Haste Hastened Impelled Issued King's Order Palace Perplexed Posts Public Quickly Runners Sat Shushan Statement Susa Together Wine WordCapital Citadel City Command Commandment Confusion Consternation Couriers Decree Departed Drink Edict Forth Haman Haste Hastened Impelled Issued King's Order Palace Perplexed Posts Public Quickly Runners Sat Shushan Statement Susa Together Wine WordTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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