Esther 1:19
Parallel Verses
New International Version
"Therefore, if it pleases the king, let him issue a royal decree and let it be written in the laws of Persia and Media, which cannot be repealed, that Vashti is never again to enter the presence of King Xerxes. Also let the king give her royal position to someone else who is better than she.

King James Bible
If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.

Darby Bible Translation
If it please the king, let a royal order go forth from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it may not pass, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another that is better than she;

World English Bible
"If it please the king, let a royal commandment go from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, so that it cannot be altered, that Vashti may never again come before King Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate to another who is better than she.

Young's Literal Translation
If to the king it be good, there goeth forth a royal word from before him, and it is written with the laws of Persia and Media, and doth not pass away, that Vashti doth not come in before the king Ahasuerus, and her royalty doth the king give to her companion who is better than she;

Esther 1:19 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

That it be not altered - Let it be inserted among the permanent laws, and made a part of the constitution of the empire. Perhaps the Persians affected such a degree of wisdom in the construction of their laws, that they never could be amended, and should never be repeated. And this we may understand to be the ground of the saying, The laws of the Medes and Persians, that change not.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

it please the king. Heb. it be good with the king.

Esther 1:21 And the saying pleased the king and the princes; and the king did according to the word of Memucan:

Esther 3:9 If it please the king, let it be written that they may be destroyed...

Esther 8:5 And said, If it please the king, and if I have favor in his sight, and the thing seem right before the king...

from him. Heb. from before him. it be not altered. Heb. it pass not away.

Esther 8:8 Write you also for the Jews, as it likes you, in the king's name, and seal it with the king's ring...

Daniel 6:8-15,17 Now, O king, establish the decree, and sign the writing, that it be not changed, according to the law of the Medes and Persians...

Let it be inserted among the permanent laws, and be made a part of the constitution of the empire. The Persians seem to have affected such a degree of wisdom in the construction of their laws, that they never could be amended, and should never be repealed; and this formed the ground of the saying, 'The laws of the Medes and Persians that change not.'

another. Heb. her companion. that is better.

1 Samuel 15:28 And Samuel said to him, The LORD has rent the kingdom of Israel from you this day, and has given it to a neighbor of yours...

1 Kings 3:28 And all Israel heard of the judgment which the king had judged; and they feared the king...

Library
Whether Boasting is Opposed to the virtue of Truth?
Objection 1: It seems that boasting is not opposed to the virtue of truth. For lying is opposed to truth. But it is possible to boast even without lying, as when a man makes a show of his own excellence. Thus it is written (Esther 1:3,4) that Assuerus "made a great feast . . . that he might show the riches of the glory" and "of his kingdom, and the greatness and boasting of his power." Therefore boasting is not opposed to the virtue of truth. Objection 2: Further, boasting is reckoned by Gregory
Saint Thomas Aquinas—Summa Theologica

Cross References
Esther 1:18
This very day the Persian and Median women of the nobility who have heard about the queen's conduct will respond to all the king's nobles in the same way. There will be no end of disrespect and discord.

Esther 2:1
Later when King Xerxes' fury had subsided, he remembered Vashti and what she had done and what he had decreed about her.

Esther 8:8
Now write another decree in the king's name in behalf of the Jews as seems best to you, and seal it with the king's signet ring--for no document written in the king's name and sealed with his ring can be revoked."

Daniel 6:8
Now, Your Majesty, issue the decree and put it in writing so that it cannot be altered--in accordance with the law of the Medes and Persians, which cannot be repealed."

Daniel 6:12
So they went to the king and spoke to him about his royal decree: "Did you not publish a decree that during the next thirty days anyone who prays to any god or human being except to you, Your Majesty, would be thrown into the lions' den?" The king answered, "The decree stands--in accordance with the law of the Medes and Persians, which cannot be repealed."

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