his corpse doth not remain on the tree, for thou dost certainly bury him in that day -- for a thing lightly esteemed of God is the hanged one -- and thou dost not defile thy ground which Jehovah thy God is giving to thee -- an inheritance.
Deuteronomy 21:23 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
His body shall not remain all night upon the tree - Its exposure for the space of one day was judged sufficient. The law which required this answered all the ends of public justice, exposed the shame and infamy of the conduct, but did not put to torture the feelings of humanity by requiring a perpetual exhibition of a human being, a slow prey to the most loathsome process of putrefaction. Did ever the spiking of the heads of state criminals prevent high treason? or the gibbeting of a thief or a murderer, prevent either murder or robbery? These questions may be safely answered in the negative; and the remains of the ancient barbarism which requires these disgusting and abominable exhibitions, and which are deplored by every feeling heart, should be banished with all possible speed. In the case given in the text, God considers the land as defiled while the body of the executed criminal lay exposed, hence it was enjoined, Thou shalt in any wise bury him that day.
For he that is hanged is accursed of God - That is, he has forfeited his life to the law; for it is written, Cursed is every one who continueth not in all things that are written in the book of the law to do them; and on his body, in the execution of the sentence of the law, the curse was considered as alighting; hence the necessity of removing the accursed thing out of sight. How excellent are all these laws! How wondrously well calculated to repress crimes by showing the enormity of sin! It is worthy of remark that in the infliction of punishment prescribed by the Mosaic law, we ever find that Mercy walks hand in hand with Judgment.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
he that is hanged is accursed of God. [heb] that is, it is the highest degree of reproach that can attach to a man, and proclaims him under the curse of God as much as any external punishment can. They that see him thus hanging between heaven and earth, will conclude him abandoned of both, and unworthy of either. Bp. Patrick observes, that this passage is applied to the death of Christ; not only because he bare our sins and was exposed to shame, as these malefactors were that were accursed of God, but because he was in the evening taken down from the cursed tree and buried, (and that by the particular care of the Jews, with an eye to this law,
John 19:31 The Jews therefore, because it was the preparation, that the bodies should not remain on the cross on the sabbath day...
) in token, that now the guilt being removed, the law was satisfied, as it was when the malefactors had hanged till sun-set: it demanded no more. Those, and those that are his, ceased to be a curse. And as the land of Israel was pure and clean when the body was buried, so the church is washed and cleansed by the complete satisfaction which Christ thus made.
Deuteronomy 7:26 Neither shall you bring an abomination into your house, lest you be a cursed thing like it: but you shall utterly detest it...
Numbers 25:4 And the LORD said to Moses, Take all the heads of the people, and hang them up before the LORD against the sun...
Joshua 7:12 Therefore the children of Israel could not stand before their enemies, but turned their backs before their enemies...
2 Samuel 21:6 Let seven men of his sons be delivered to us, and we will hang them up to the LORD in Gibeah of Saul, whom the LORD did choose...
Romans 9:3 For I could wish that myself were accursed from Christ for my brothers, my kinsmen according to the flesh:
Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written...
1 Corinthians 16:22 If any man love not the Lord Jesus Christ, let him be Anathema Maranatha.
2 Corinthians 5:21 For he has made him to be sin for us, who knew no sin; that we might be made the righteousness of God in him.
Leviticus 18:25 And the land is defiled: therefore I do visit the iniquity thereof on it, and the land itself vomits out her inhabitants.
Numbers 35:33,34 So you shall not pollute the land wherein you are: for blood it defiles the land...
Deuteronomy 21:23 Parallel CommentariesAccursed Body Bury Corpse Defile Defiled Hang Hanged Inheritance Night Overnight Reproach Sure Surely Tree WiseAccursed Body Bury Corpse Defile Defiled Hang Hanged Inheritance Night Overnight Reproach Sure Surely Tree WiseTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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