And the word of Samuel is to all Israel, and Israel goeth out to meet the Philistines for battle, and they encamp by Eben-Ezer, and the Philistines have encamped in Aphek,
1 Samuel 4:1 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
The word of Samuel came to all Israel - This clause certainly belongs to the preceding chapter, and is so placed by the Vulgate, Septuagint, Syriac, and Arabic.
Pitched beside Eben-ezer - This name was not given to this place till more than twenty years after this battle, see 1 Samuel 7:12; for the monument called האבן העזר haeben haezer, the "Stone of Help," was erected by Samuel in the place which was afterwards from this circumstance, called Eben-ezer, when the Lord had given the Israelites a signal victory over the Philistines. It was situated in the tribe of Judah, between Mizpeh and Shen, and not far from the Aphek here mentioned. This is another proof that this book was compiled after the times and transactions which it records, and probably from memoranda which had been made by a contemporary writer.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1141 An. Ex. Is.
came. or, came to pass [heb] was
1 Samuel 3:11 And the LORD said to Samuel, Behold, I will do a thing in Israel, at which both the ears of every one that hears it shall tingle.
Eben-ezer. That is, the place afterwards so called
1 Samuel 5:1 And the Philistines took the ark of God, and brought it from Ebenezer to Ashdod.
1 Samuel 7:12 Then Samuel took a stone, and set it between Mizpeh and Shen, and called the name of it Ebenezer, saying...
Aphek This Aphek was situated in the tribe of Judah, and is probably the same as Aphekah
Joshua 15:53 And Janum, and Bethtappuah, and Aphekah,
It must be carefully distinguished from that near Jezreel, and another in Asher.
1 Samuel 29:1 Now the Philistines gathered together all their armies to Aphek: and the Israelites pitched by a fountain which is in Jezreel.
Joshua 19:30 Ummah also, and Aphek, and Rehob: twenty and two cities with their villages.
1 Kings 20:30 But the rest fled to Aphek, into the city; and there a wall fell on twenty and seven thousand of the men that were left...
1 Samuel 4:1 Parallel CommentariesAphek Battle Camped Ebenezer Eben-Ezer Ebene'zer Encamp Encamped Israel Israelites Meet Philistines Pitched Position Samuel Samuel's Time Together War WordAphek Battle Camped Ebenezer Eben-Ezer Ebene'zer Encamp Encamped Israel Israelites Meet Philistines Pitched Position Samuel Samuel's Time Together War WordTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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