1 Peter 5:8
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Be alert and of sober mind. Your enemy the devil prowls around like a roaring lion looking for someone to devour.

King James Bible
Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour:

Darby Bible Translation
Be vigilant, watch. Your adversary [the] devil as a roaring lion walks about seeking whom he may devour.

World English Bible
Be sober and self-controlled. Be watchful. Your adversary, the devil, walks around like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour.

Young's Literal Translation
Be sober, vigilant, because your opponent the devil, as a roaring lion, doth walk about, seeking whom he may swallow up,

1 Peter 5:8 Parallel
Commentary
Clarke's Commentary on the Bible

Be sober - Avoid drunkenness of your senses, and drunkenness in your souls; be not overcharged with the concerns of the world.

Be vigilant - Awake, and keep awake; be always watchful; never be off your guard; your enemies are alert, they are never off theirs.

Your adversary the devil - This is the reason why ye should be sober and vigilant; ye have an ever active, implacable, subtle enemy to contend with. He walketh about - he has access to you everywhere; he knows your feelings and your propensities, and informs himself of all your circumstances; only God can know more and do more than he, therefore your care must be cast upon God.

As a roaring lion - Satan tempts under three forms:

1. The subtle serpent; to beguile our senses, pervert our judgment, and enchant our imagination.

2. As an angel of light; to deceive us with false views of spiritual things, refinements in religion, and presumption on the providence and grace of God.

3. As a roaring lion; to bear us down, and destroy us by violent opposition, persecution, and death. Thus he was acting towards the followers of God at Pontus, etc., who were now suffering a grievous persecution.

Walketh about - Traversing the earth; a plain reference to Job 2:2, which see.

Seeking whom he may devour - Τινα καταπιῃ· Whom he may gulp down. It is not every one that he can swallow down: those who are sober and vigilant are proof against him, these he May Not swallow down; those who are drunken with the cares of this world, etc., and are unwatchful, these he May swallow down. There is a beauty in this verse, and a striking apposition between the first and last words, which I think have not been noticed: Be sober, νηψατε from νη, not, and πιειν to drink; do not drink, do not swallow down: and the word καταπιῃ, from κατα, down, and πιειν, to drink. If you swallow strong drink down, the devil will swallow you down. Hear this, ye drunkards, topers, tipplers, or by whatsoever name you are known in society, or among your fellow sinners. Strong drink is not only the way to the devil, but the devil's way into you; and Ye are such as the devil particularly May swallow down.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

sober.

1 Peter 1:13 Why gird up the loins of your mind, be sober...

1 Peter 4:7 But the end of all things is at hand: be you therefore sober, and watch to prayer.

Matthew 24:48-50 But and if that evil servant shall say in his heart, My lord delays his coming...

Luke 12:45,46 But and if that servant say in his heart, My lord delays his coming; and shall begin to beat the menservants and maidens...

Luke 21:34,36 And take heed to yourselves, lest at any time your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting, and drunkenness, and cares of this life...

Romans 13:11-13 And that, knowing the time, that now it is high time to awake out of sleep: for now is our salvation nearer than when we believed...

1 Thessalonians 5:6-8 Therefore let us not sleep, as do others; but let us watch and be sober...

1 Timothy 2:9,15 In like manner also, that women adorn themselves in modest apparel, with modesty and sobriety; not with braided hair, or gold...

1 Timothy 3:2,11 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach...

Titus 1:8 But a lover of hospitality, a lover of good men, sober, just, holy, temperate;

Titus 2:2,4,6,12 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience...

your.

Esther 7:6 And Esther said, The adversary and enemy is this wicked Haman. Then Haman was afraid before the king and the queen.

Job 1:6 Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them.

Job 2:2 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

Psalm 109:6 Set you a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand.

*marg:

Isaiah 50:8 He is near that justifies me; who will contend with me? let us stand together: who is my adversary? let him come near to me.

Zechariah 3:1 And he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right hand to resist him.

Luke 22:31 And the Lord said, Simon, Simon, behold, Satan has desired to have you, that he may sift you as wheat:

the devil.

Matthew 4:1,11 Then was Jesus led up of the spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil...

Matthew 13:39 The enemy that sowed them is the devil; the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.

Matthew 25:41 Then shall he say also to them on the left hand, Depart from me, you cursed, into everlasting fire...

John 8:44 You are of your father the devil, and the lusts of your father you will do. He was a murderer from the beginning...

Ephesians 4:27 Neither give place to the devil.

Ephesians 6:11 Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil.

James 4:7 Submit yourselves therefore to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

1 John 3:8-10 He that commits sin is of the devil; for the devil sins from the beginning. For this purpose the Son of God was manifested...

Revelation 12:9 And the great dragon was cast out, that old serpent, called the Devil, and Satan, which deceives the whole world...

Revelation 22:2,10 In the middle of the street of it, and on either side of the river, was there the tree of life, which bore twelve manner of fruits...

as.

Judges 14:5 Then went Samson down, and his father and his mother, to Timnath, and came to the vineyards of Timnath: and, behold...

Psalm 104:21 The young lions roar after their prey, and seek their meat from God.

Proverbs 19:12 The king's wrath is as the roaring of a lion; but his favor is as dew on the grass.

Proverbs 20:2 The fear of a king is as the roaring of a lion: whoever provokes him to anger sins against his own soul.

Isaiah 5:29,30 Their roaring shall be like a lion, they shall roar like young lions: yes, they shall roar, and lay hold of the prey...

Isaiah 14:12,13 How are you fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how are you cut down to the ground, which did weaken the nations!...

Jeremiah 2:15 The young lions roared on him, and yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant.

Jeremiah 51:38 They shall roar together like lions: they shall yell as lions' whelps.

Ezekiel 19:7 And he knew their desolate palaces, and he laid waste their cities; and the land was desolate, and the fullness thereof...

Hosea 11:10 They shall walk after the LORD: he shall roar like a lion: when he shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west.

Joel 3:16 The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake...

Amos 1:2 And he said, The LORD will roar from Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the habitations of the shepherds shall mourn...

Amos 3:4,8 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he has no prey? will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing...

Zechariah 11:3 There is a voice of the howling of the shepherds; for their glory is spoiled: a voice of the roaring of young lions...

2 Timothy 4:17 Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me, and strengthened me; that by me the preaching might be fully known...

Revelation 12:12 Therefore rejoice, you heavens, and you that dwell in them...

walketh.

Job 1:7 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? Then Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

Job 2:2 And the LORD said to Satan, From where come you? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth...

devour.

Ezekiel 22:25 There is a conspiracy of her prophets in the middle thereof, like a roaring lion ravening the prey; they have devoured souls...

Daniel 6:24 And the king commanded, and they brought those men which had accused Daniel, and they cast them into the den of lions, them...

Hosea 13:8 I will meet them as a bear that is bereaved of her whelps, and will rend the lobe of their heart...

Library
Third Sunday after Trinity Humility, Trust, Watchfulness, Suffering
Text: 1 Peter 5, 5-11. 5 Likewise, ye younger, be subject unto the elder. Yea, all of you gird yourselves with humility, to serve one another: for God resisteth the proud, but giveth grace to the humble. 6 Humble yourselves therefore under the mighty hand of God, that he may exalt you in due time; 7 casting all your anxiety upon him, because he careth for you. 8 Be sober, be watchful: your adversary the devil, as a roaring lion, walketh about, seeking whom he may devour: 9 whom withstand stedfast
Martin Luther—Epistle Sermons, Vol. III

The Church in Babylon
'The church that is at Babylon, elected together with you, saluteth you ...'--1 Peter v. 13. We have drawn lessons in previous addresses from the former parts of the closing salutations of this letter. And now I turn to this one to see what it may yield us. The Revised Version omits 'the church,' and substitutes 'she'; explaining in a marginal note that there is a difference of opinion as to whether the sender of the letter is a community or an individual. All the old MSS., with one weighty exception,
Alexander Maclaren—Expositions of Holy Scripture Ephesians, Peter,John

Consolations against Impatience in Sickness.
If in thy sickness by extremity of pain thou be driven to impatience, meditate-- 1. That thy sins have deserved the pains of hell; therefore thou mayest with greater patience endure these fatherly corrections. 2. That these are the scourges of thy heavenly Father, and the rod is in his hand. If thou didst suffer with reverence, being a child, the corrections of thy earthly parents, how much rather shouldst thou now subject thyself, being the child of God, to the chastisement of thy heavenly Father,
Lewis Bayly—The Practice of Piety

The Seven Deacons
In those days, when the number of the disciples was multiplied, there arose a murmuring of the Grecians against the Hebrews, because their widows were neglected in the daily ministration." The early church was made up of many classes of people, of various nationalities. At the time of the outpouring of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost, "there were dwelling at Jerusalem Jews, devout men, out of every nation under heaven." Acts 2:5. Among those of the Hebrew faith who were gathered at Jerusalem were some
Ellen Gould White—The Acts of the Apostles

Cross References
Job 1:7
The LORD said to Satan, "Where have you come from?" Satan answered the LORD, "From roaming throughout the earth, going back and forth on it."

Proverbs 28:15
Like a roaring lion or a charging bear is a wicked ruler over a helpless people.

Matthew 24:42
"Therefore keep watch, because you do not know on what day your Lord will come.

Mark 4:15
Some people are like seed along the path, where the word is sown. As soon as they hear it, Satan comes and takes away the word that was sown in them.

2 Corinthians 2:11
in order that Satan might not outwit us. For we are not unaware of his schemes.

2 Timothy 4:17
But the Lord stood at my side and gave me strength, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. And I was delivered from the lion's mouth.

James 4:7
Submit yourselves, then, to God. Resist the devil, and he will flee from you.

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