and cause two men -- sons of worthlessness -- to sit over-against him, and they testify of him, saying, Thou hast blessed God and Melech; and they have brought him out, and stoned him, and he dieth.'
1 Kings 21:10 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Set two men - For life could not be attainted but on the evidence of two witnesses at least.
Sons of Belial - Men who will not scruple to tell lies and take a false oath.
Thou didst blaspheme God and the king - Thou art an atheist and a rebel. Thou hast spoken words injurious to the perfections and nature of God; and thou hast spoken words against the crown and dignity of the king. The words literally are, Naboth hath Blessed Clod and the king; or, as Parkhurst contends, "Thou hast blessed the false gods and Molech," ברכת אלהים ומלך And though Jezebel was herself an abominable idolatress; yet, as the law of Moses still continued in force, she seems to have been wicked enough to have destroyed Naboth, upon the false accusation of blessing the heathen Aleim and Molech, which subjected him to death by Deuteronomy 12:6; Deuteronomy 17:2-7. The first meaning appears the most simple.
Many think that the word ברך barach signifies both to bless and curse; and so it is interpreted in most Lexicons: it is passing strange that out of the same word proceedeth blessing and cursing; and to give such opposite and self-destructive meanings to any word is very dangerous. Parkhurst denies that it ever has the meaning of cursing, and examines all the texts where it is said to occur with this meaning; and shows that blessing, not cursing, is to be understood in all those places: see him under ברך, sec. vi.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Deuteronomy 19:15 One witness shall not rise up against a man for any iniquity, or for any sin, in any sin that he sins: at the mouth of two witnesses...
Matthew 26:59,60 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death...
Acts 6:11 Then they suborned men, which said, We have heard him speak blasphemous words against Moses, and against God.
sons of Belial
Deuteronomy 13:13 Certain men, the children of Belial, are gone out from among you, and have withdrawn the inhabitants of their city, saying...
Judges 19:22 Now as they were making their hearts merry, behold, the men of the city, certain sons of Belial, beset the house round about...
Thou didst blaspheme Some, with Parkhurst, would render the original, bairachta elohim wamailech, `Thou hast blessed the gods and Molech;' a sense, however, which seems extremely forced, and not acknowledged by any of the ancient versions, though the LXX and Vulgate render bairachata by (), benedixit, `blessed.' It is no unusual thing for a word to have opposite senses.
Exodus 22:28 You shall not revile the gods, nor curse the ruler of your people.
Leviticus 24:15 And you shall speak to the children of Israel, saying, Whoever curses his God shall bear his sin.
Matthew 26:59-66 Now the chief priests, and elders, and all the council, sought false witness against Jesus, to put him to death...
John 10:33 The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone you not; but for blasphemy; and because that you, being a man...
Acts 6:13 And set up false witnesses, which said, This man ceases not to speak blasphemous words against this holy place, and the law:
1 Kings 21:10 Parallel CommentariesBase Bear Belial Blaspheme Carry Cause Charge Curse Cursed Death Die Fellows Good-For-Nothing Have Opposite Over-Against Persons Scoundrels Seat Sit Stone Testify Witness Worthless WorthlessnessBase Bear Belial Blaspheme Carry Cause Charge Curse Cursed Death Die Fellows Good-For-Nothing Have Opposite Over-Against Persons Scoundrels Seat Sit Stone Testify Witness Worthless WorthlessnessTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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