have we not authority a sister -- a wife -- to lead about, as also the other apostles, and the brethren of the Lord, and Cephas?
1 Corinthians 9:5 Additional TranslationsClarke's Commentary on the Bible
Have we not power to lead about a sister, a wife - The word εξουσιαν is to be understood here, as above in 1 Corinthians 9:4, as implying authority or right; and authority, not merely derived from their office, but from Him who gave them that office; from the constitution of nature; and from universal propriety or the fitness of things.
When the apostle speaks of leading about a sister, a wife, he means first, that he and all other apostles, and consequently all ministers of the Gospel, had a right to marry. For it appears that our Lord's brethren James and Jude were married; and we have infallible evidence that Peter was a married man, not only from this verse, but from Matthew 8:14, where his mother-in-law is mentioned as being cured by our Lord of a fever.
And secondly, we find that their wives were persons of the same faith; for less can never be implied in the word sister. This is a decisive proof against the papistical celibacy of the clergy: and as to their attempts to evade the force of this text by saying that the apostles had holy women who attended them, and ministered to them in their peregrinations, there is no proof of it; nor could they have suffered either young women or other men's wives to have accompanied them in this way without giving the most palpable occasion of scandal. And Clemens Alexandrinus has particularly remarked that the apostles carried their wives about with them, "not as wives, but as sisters, that they might minister to those who were mistresses of families; that so the doctrine of the Lord might without reprehension or evil suspicion enter into the apartments of the women." And in giving his finished picture of his Gnostic, or perfect Christian, he says: εσθιει, και πινει, και γαμει - εικονας εχει τους Αποστολους, He eats, and drinks, and marries - having the apostles for his example. Vid. Clem. Alex. Strom., lib. vii., c. 12.
On the propriety and excellence of marriage, and its superiority to celibacy, see the notes on 1 Corinthians 7:1, etc.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Timothy 3:2 A bishop then must be blameless, the husband of one wife, vigilant, sober, of good behavior, given to hospitality, apt to teach;
1 Timothy 4:3 Forbidding to marry, and commanding to abstain from meats...
Titus 1:6 If any be blameless, the husband of one wife, having faithful children not accused of riot or unruly.
Hebrews 13:4 Marriage is honorable in all, and the bed undefiled: but fornicators and adulterers God will judge.
1 Corinthians 7:15,39 But if the unbelieving depart, let him depart. A brother or a sister is not under bondage in such cases...
Songs 4:9,10,12 You have ravished my heart, my sister, my spouse; you have ravished my heart with one of your eyes, with one chain of your neck...
Songs 5:1,2 I am come into my garden, my sister, my spouse: I have gathered my myrrh with my spice; I have eaten my honeycomb with my honey...
Romans 16:1 I commend to you Phebe our sister, which is a servant of the church which is at Cenchrea:
1 Timothy 5:2 The elder women as mothers; the younger as sisters, with all purity.
wife. or, woman. the brethren.
Matthew 12:46-50 While he yet talked to the people, behold, his mother and his brothers stood without, desiring to speak with him...
Matthew 13:55 Is not this the carpenter's son? is not his mother called Mary? and his brothers, James, and Joses, and Simon, and Judas?
Mark 6:3 Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary, the brother of James, and Joses, and of Juda, and Simon?...
Luke 6:15 Matthew and Thomas, James the son of Alphaeus, and Simon called Zelotes,
John 2:12 After this he went down to Capernaum, he, and his mother, and his brothers, and his disciples: and they continued there not many days.
Acts 1:14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and supplication, with the women, and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers.
Galatians 1:19 But other of the apostles saw I none, save James the Lord's brother.
1 Corinthians 1:12 Now this I say, that every one of you said, I am of Paul; and I of Apollos; and I of Cephas; and I of Christ.
Matthew 8:14 And when Jesus was come into Peter's house, he saw his wife's mother laid, and sick of a fever.
Mark 1:30 But Simon's wife's mother lay sick of a fever, and immediately they tell him of her.
John 1:42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, You are Simon the son of Jona: you shall be called Cephas...
1 Corinthians 9:5 Parallel CommentariesAccompanied Apostles Authority Believer Believing Cephas Christian Journeys Lead Peter Power Rest Right Round Sister WifeAccompanied Apostles Authority Believer Believing Cephas Christian Journeys Lead Peter Power Rest Right Round Sister WifeTHE HOLY BIBLE, NEW INTERNATIONAL VERSION®, NIV® Copyright © 1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica®.
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