The Names of God.
Several names are used for God, each having its own significance, and every Bible reader should in some general way know the meaning of each name. We cannot always distinguish the exact meaning, but the following, while not all, will be of use in reading the English translation.
1. God. This comes from one word and two of its compound or forms and will mean accordingly:
(1) The Strong one used 225 times in the Old Testament;
(2) The Strong one as an object of worship;
(3) The Strong one who is faithful and, therefore, to be trusted and obeyed. This last is a plural term and is used 2300 times in the Old Testament. It is the name used when God said. "Let us make man" and "God created man in his own image," etc., Gen.1:26-27. It was by this name that God the Trinity covenanted for the good of man before man was created.
2. LORD. Small capitals in the old version and translated Jehovah in the in the revised translation. It means:
(1) The self-existing one who reveals himself;
(2) God as Redeemer. It was under this name that he sought man after the fall and clothed him with skins. Gen.3:9-17;
(3) God who makesand keeps his covenants. It is used more than 100 times in connection with the covenants, as in Jer.31:31-34 where he promises a new covenant.
3. Lord. Small letters except the L and always denotes God as Master in his relation to us as servants. There are two kinds of servants- hired and bought servants, the latter being always superior and more beloved. The servant is expected to obey and is guaranteed protection and support for his service.
4. Almighty God. This means a Strong-breasted one, the Pourer or Shredder forth of spiritual and temporal blessings. It refers to God:
(1) As a nourisher, strength-giver, satisfier and a strong one who gives;
(2) As the giver of fruitfulness which comes through nourishment. He was to make Abraham fruitful, Gen.17:1-8;
(3) As Giver of chastening. This he does in the way of pruning that there may be more fruit.
5. The Most High or Most High God. This means:
(1) The Possessor of heaven and earth, who as owner distributes the earth among the nations;
(2) The one who, as possessor, has dominion and authority over both, Dan.4:18, 37; Ps.91:9-13.
6. Everlasting God, This represents him as:
(1) The God of the mystery of the ages and, therefore,
(2) The God of secrets;
(3) The God of everlasting existence whose understanding is past finding out, Is.40:28.
(Jehovah) God, This name is used:
(1) Of the relation of Deity to man,
(a) as Creator, creating and controlling his destiny, especially of his earthly relations,
(b) as having moral authority over him,
(c) as redeemer;
(2) Of his relation to Israel, whose destiny he made and controlled.
(Jehovah) of Hosts. This refer: Usually to the host of heaven, especially of angels;
(2) To all the divine or heavenly power available for the people of God;
(3) The special name of deity used to comfort Israel in time of division and defeat or failure, Is.1:9, 8:11-14.
Note. Drill on the use of these names and find some scripture passage illustrating the use of each.
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