Matthew 16:18
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©GreekTransliterationStrong'sDefinitionOrigin
"I alsoκαὶkai2532and, even, alsoa prim. conjunction
sayλέγωlegō3004to saya prim. verb
to you that you are Peter,Πέτροςpetros4074"a stone" or "a boulder," Peter, one of the twelve apostlesa noun akin to petra, used as a proper name
and upon thisταύτῃtautē3778thisprobably from a redupl. of ho,, used as a demonstrative pronoun
rockπέτρᾳpetra4073a (large mass of) rocka prim. word
I will buildοἰκοδομήσωoikodomēsō3618to build a housefrom oikodomos
My church;ἐκκλησίανekklēsian1577an assembly, a (religious) congregationfrom ek and kaleó
and the gatesπύλαιpulai4439a gatea prim. word
of Hadesᾅδουadou86Hades, the abode of departed spiritsperhaps from alpha (as a neg. prefix) and eidon (3708)
will not overpowerκατισχύσουσινkatischusousin2729to overpowerfrom kata and ischuó
it.     
KJV Lexicon
καγω  personal pronoun - first person nominative singular - contracted form
kago  kag-o':  so also the dative case kamoi kam-oy', and accusative case kame kam-eh' and (or also, even, etc.) I, (to) me
δε  conjunction
de  deh:  but, and, etc. -- also, and, but, moreover, now (often unexpressed in English).
σοι  personal pronoun - second person dative singular
soi  soy:  to thee -- thee, thine own, thou, thy.
λεγω  verb - present active indicative - first person singular
lego  leg'-o:  ask, bid, boast, call, describe, give out, name, put forth, say(-ing, on), shew, speak, tell, utter.
οτι  conjunction
hoti  hot'-ee:  demonstrative, that (sometimes redundant); causative, because -- as concerning that, as though, because (that), for (that), how (that), (in) that, though, why.
συ  personal pronoun - second person nominative singular
su  soo:  the person pronoun of the second person singular thou -- thou.
ει  verb - present indicative - second person singular
ei  i:  thou art -- art, be.
πετρος  noun - nominative singular masculine
Petros  pet'-ros:  as a name, Petrus, an apostle -- Peter, rock.
και  conjunction
kai  kahee:  and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
επι  preposition
epi  ep-ee':  meaning superimposition (of time, place, order, etc.), as a relation of distribution (with the genitive case), i.e. over, upon, etc.; of rest (with the dative case) at, on, etc.; of direction (with the accusative case) towards, upon, etc.
ταυτη  demonstrative pronoun - dative singular feminine
houtos  hoo'-tos:  the he (she or it), i.e. this or that (often with article repeated) -- he (it was that), hereof, it, she, such as, the same, these, they, this (man, same, woman), which, who.
τη  definite article - dative singular feminine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
πετρα  noun - dative singular feminine
petra  pet'-ra:  a (mass of) rock -- rock.
οικοδομησω  verb - future active indicative - first person singular
oikodomeo  oy-kod-om-eh'-o:  to be a house-builder, i.e. construct or (figuratively) confirm -- (be in) build(-er, -ing, up), edify, embolden.
μου  personal pronoun - first person genitive singular
mou  moo:  of me -- I, me, mine (own), my.
την  definite article - accusative singular feminine
ho  ho:  the definite article; the (sometimes to be supplied, at others omitted, in English idiom) -- the, this, that, one, he, she, it, etc.
εκκλησιαν  noun - accusative singular feminine
ekklesia  ek-klay-see'-ah:  a calling out, i.e. (concretely) a popular meeting, especially a religious congregation--assembly, church.
και  conjunction
kai  kahee:  and, also, even, so then, too, etc.; often used in connection (or composition) with other particles or small words
πυλαι  noun - nominative plural feminine
pule  poo'-lay:  a gate, i.e. the leaf or wing of a folding entrance -- gate.
αδου  noun - genitive singular masculine
haides  hah'-dace:  unseen, i.e. Hades or the place (state) of departed souls -- grave, hell.
ου  particle - nominative
ou  oo:  no or not -- + long, nay, neither, never, no (man), none, (can-)not, + nothing, + special, un(-worthy), when, + without, + yet but.
κατισχυσουσιν  verb - future active indicative - third person
katischuo  kat-is-khoo'-o:  to overpower -- prevail (against).
αυτης  personal pronoun - genitive singular feminine
autos  ow-tos':  the reflexive pronoun self, used of the third person , and (with the proper personal pronoun) of the other persons
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"I also say to you that you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build My church; and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.

King James Bible
And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build My church, and the forces of Hades will not overpower it.

International Standard Version
I tell you that you are Peter, and it is on this rock that I will build my congregation, and the powers of hell will not conquer it.

NET Bible
And I tell you that you are Peter, and on this rock I will build my church, and the gates of Hades will not overpower it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
“Also I say to you, that you are Kaypha, and upon this stone I shall build my church, and the gates of Sheol will not withstand it.”

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You are Peter, and I can guarantee that on this rock I will build my church. And the gates of hell will not overpower it.

King James 2000 Bible
And I say also unto you, That you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hades shall not prevail against it.
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