Genesis 1:2
NASB Lexicon
NASB ©HebrewTransliterationStrong'sDefinitionOrigin
The earthוְהָאָ֗רֶץve·ha·'a·retz776earth, landa prim. root
was formlessתֹ֙הוּ֙to·hu8414formlessness, confusion, unreality, emptinessfrom an unused word
and void,וָבֹ֔הוּva·vo·hu,922emptinessfrom an unused word
and darknessוְחֹ֖שֶׁךְve·cho·shech2822darkness, obscurityfrom chashak
was overעַל־al-5921upon, above, overfrom alah
the surfaceפְּנֵ֣יpe·nei6440face, facesfrom panah
of the deep,תְהֹ֑וםte·ho·vm;8415deep, sea, abyssfrom an unused word
and the Spiritוְר֣וּחַve·ru·ach7307breath, wind, spiritfrom an unused word
of Godאֱלֹהִ֔יםe·lo·him,430God, godpl. of eloah
was movingמְרַחֶ֖פֶתme·ra·che·fet7363bto hovera prim. root
overעַל־al-5921upon, above, overfrom alah
the surfaceפְּנֵ֥יpe·nei6440face, facesfrom panah
of the waters.הַמָּֽיִם׃ham·ma·yim.4325waters, watera prim. root
KJV Lexicon
And the earth
'erets  (eh'-rets)
the earth (at large, or partitively a land) -- common, country, earth, field, ground, land, natins, way, + wilderness, world.
was
hayah  (haw-yaw)
to exist, i.e. be or become, come to pass (always emphatic, and not a mere copula or auxiliary)
without form
tohuw  (to'-hoo)
a desolation (of surface), i.e. desert; figuratively, a worthless thing; adverbially, in vain -- confusion, empty place, without form, nothing, (thing of) nought, vain, vanity, waste, wilderness.
and void
bohuw  (bo'-hoo)
a vacuity, i.e. (superficially) an undistinguishable ruin -- emptiness, void.
and darkness
choshek  (kho-shek')
the dark; hence (literally) darkness; figuratively, misery, destruction, death, ignorance, sorrow, wickedness -- dark(-ness), night, obscurity.
was upon the face
paniym  (paw-neem')
the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.)
of the deep
thowm  (teh-home')
an abyss (as a surging mass of water), especially the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water-supply) -- deep (place), depth.
And the Spirit
ruwach  (roo'-akh)
wind; by resemblance breath, i.e. a sensible (or even violent) exhalation; figuratively, life, anger, unsubstantiality; by extension, a region of the sky; by resemblance spirit, but only of a rational being
of God
'elohiym  (el-o-heem')
angels, exceeding, God (gods)(-dess, -ly), (very) great, judges, mighty.
moved
rachaph  (raw-khaf')
to brood; by implication, to be relaxed -- flutter, move, shake.
upon
`al  (al)
above, over, upon, or against (yet always in this last relation with a downward aspect) in a great variety of applications (as follow)
the face
paniym  (paw-neem')
the face (as the part that turns); used in a great variety of applications (literally and figuratively); also (with prepositional prefix) as a preposition (before, etc.)
of the waters
mayim  (mah'-yim)
water; figuratively, juice; by euphemism, urine, semen -- + piss, wasting, water(-ing, (-course, -flood, -spring).
Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
The earth was formless and void, and darkness was over the surface of the deep, and the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the waters.

King James Bible
And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness covered the surface of the watery depths, and the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters.

International Standard Version
When the earth was as yet unformed and desolate, with the surface of the ocean depths shrouded in darkness, and while the Spirit of God was hovering over the surface of the waters,

NET Bible
Now the earth was without shape and empty, and darkness was over the surface of the watery deep, but the Spirit of God was moving over the surface of the water.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The earth was formless and empty, and darkness covered the deep water. The Spirit of God was hovering over the water.

King James 2000 Bible
And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters.
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