Leviticus 22:11
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
But if a priest buys a slave with money, or if slaves are born in his household, they may eat his food.

New Living Translation
However, if the priest buys a slave for himself, the slave may eat from the sacred offerings. And if his slaves have children, they also may share his food.

English Standard Version
but if a priest buys a slave as his property for money, the slave may eat of it, and anyone born in his house may eat of his food.

New American Standard Bible
But if a priest buys a slave as his property with his money, that one may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his food.

King James Bible
But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But if a priest purchases someone with his money, that person may eat it, and those born in his house may eat his food.

International Standard Version
If a priest acquires a slave as property with his own money, he may eat with him. Those who were born in his house may eat his food.

NET Bible
but if a priest buys a person with his own money, that person may eat the holy offerings, and those born in the priest's own house may eat his food.

New Heart English Bible
But if a priest buys a slave, purchased by his money, he shall eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they shall eat of his bread.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But if a priest buys a slave, the slave and anyone born in his household may eat the priest's food.

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if a priest buy any soul, the purchase of his money, he may eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they may eat of his bread.

New American Standard 1977
‘But if a priest buys a slave as his property with his money, that one may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his food.

Jubilee Bible 2000
But when the priest shall buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house, they shall eat of his bread.

King James 2000 Bible
But if the priest buys any person with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his food.

American King James Version
But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

American Standard Version
But if a priest buy any soul, the purchase of his money, he shall eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they shall eat of his bread.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he whom the priest hath bought, and he that is his servant, born in his house, these shall eat of them.

Darby Bible Translation
But if a priest buy any one for money, he may eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they may eat of his food.

English Revised Version
But if a priest buy any soul, the purchase of his money, he shall eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they shall eat of his bread.

Webster's Bible Translation
But if the priest shall buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

World English Bible
But if a priest buys a slave, purchased by his money, he shall eat of it; and such as are born in his house, they shall eat of his bread.

Young's Literal Translation
and when a priest buyeth a person, the purchase of his money, he doth eat of it, also one born in his house; they do eat of his bread.
Study Bible
Instructions for Cleansing
10No layman, however, is to eat the holy gift; a sojourner with the priest or a hired man shall not eat of the holy gift. 11But if a priest buys a slave as his property with his money, that one may eat of it, and those who are born in his house may eat of his food. 12If a priest's daughter is married to a layman, she shall not eat of the offering of the gifts.…
Cross References
Genesis 12:5
Abram took Sarai his wife and Lot his nephew, and all their possessions which they had accumulated, and the persons which they had acquired in Haran, and they set out for the land of Canaan; thus they came to the land of Canaan.

Genesis 17:13
"A servant who is born in your house or who is bought with your money shall surely be circumcised; thus shall My covenant be in your flesh for an everlasting covenant.

Exodus 12:44
but every man's slave purchased with money, after you have circumcised him, then he may eat of it.

Leviticus 22:12
If a priest's daughter is married to a layman, she shall not eat of the offering of the gifts.
Treasury of Scripture

But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it, and he that is born in his house: they shall eat of his meat.

his money [heb] the purchase of his money

Genesis 17:13 He that is born in your house, and he that is bought with your money, …

Numbers 18:11-13 And this is yours; the heave offering of their gift, with all the …

(11) But if the priest buy any soul.--The case, however, was different with heathen slaves whom the priest purchased. These were admitted into the Jewish community by the rite of circumcision, they were allowed to partake of the paschal lamb, and of every privilege of the Israelites. Hence they became incorporated in the priestly family, and were allowed to eat of the holy things. During the second Temple this privilege was extended to that kind of domestic whom the priest did not actually acquire by his own purchase-money, but whom the wife brought with her as part of her dowry, as well as to those whom the slaves of the priestly family purchased.

Born in his house.--That is, the house-born servant or the child of the slave. (See Genesis 17:12-13.) Even when the priest himself could not eat of the holy things by reason of his having contracted some legal defilement, his wife, children, and slaves were permitted to partake of the sacrificial repast.

But if the priest buy any soul with his money, he shall eat of it,.... Whether any of his own nation, who sometimes, when become poor, were obliged to sell themselves; or a stranger, as the Targum of Jonathan; one of another nation, a Canaanitish servant, as Jarchi. Now these being his own purchase, and always to abide with him, became part of his family, and so might eat of the provisions of it; and it is from hence the Jews gather, as Jarchi and Gersom, that his wife might eat of the holy things, because bought with his money; but there is a better reason to be given for that, for of whatever family she was before, whether of the priests or not, by marriage she became a part, yea, a principal of his family, being one flesh with him, bearing the same name, and entitled to all the privileges of his house. This is extended by some Jewish writers (l) to cattle, for by any soul they understood also the soul of a beast, which being bought by the priest's money, might eat of the offerings of the tithes:

and he that is born in his house; they shall eat of his meat; whether male or female, as Aben Ezra; these are children of handmaids, as Jarchi, that were bought with his money; and these children being born of them, became his property, and part of his family, and so had a right to the provisions of his house. All this may teach us, that the holy ordinances of the Gospel are not to be administered to strangers, persons destitute of the grace of God, nor to such as are not of the family or church of God, but to such as are bought and redeemed with the blood of Christ, the high priest, and are born again of his Spirit and grace.

(l) Misn. Trumot, c. 11. sect. 9. & Maimon. & Bartenora in ib. Hilchot Trumot, c. 6. sect. 1.22:1-33 Laws concerning the priests and sacrifices. - In this chapter we have divers laws concerning the priests and sacrifices, all for preserving the honour of the sanctuary. Let us recollect with gratitude that our great High Priest cannot be hindered by any thing from the discharge of his office. Let us also remember, that the Lord requires us to reverence his name, his truths, his ordinances, and commandments. Let us beware of hypocrisy, and examine ourselves concerning our sinful defilements, seeking to be purified from them in the blood of Christ, and by his sanctifying Spirit. Whoever attempts to expiate his own sin, or draws near in the pride of self-righteousness, puts as great an affront on Christ, as he who comes to the Lord's table from the gratification of sinful lusts. Nor can the minister who loves the souls of the people, suffer them to continue in this dangerous delusion. He must call upon them, not only to repent of their sins, and forsake them; but to put their whole trust in the atonement of Christ, by faith in his name, for pardon and acceptance with God; thus only will the Lord make them holy, as his own people.
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