Leviticus 14:5
Verse (Click for Chapter)
New International Version
Then the priest shall order that one of the birds be killed over fresh water in a clay pot.

New Living Translation
The priest will order that one bird be slaughtered over a clay pot filled with fresh water.

English Standard Version
And the priest shall command them to kill one of the birds in an earthenware vessel over fresh water.

New American Standard Bible
"The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water.

King James Bible
And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

Christian Standard Bible
Then the priest will order that one of the birds be slaughtered over fresh water in a clay pot.

Contemporary English Version
The priest will order someone to kill one of the birds over a clay pot of spring water.

Good News Translation
Then the priest shall order that one of the birds be killed over a clay bowl containing fresh spring water.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the priest will order that one of the birds be slaughtered over fresh water in a clay pot.

International Standard Version
Then the priest is to command that one bird be slaughtered on an earthen vessel over flowing water.

NET Bible
The priest will then command that one bird be slaughtered into a clay vessel over fresh water.

New Heart English Bible
The priest shall command them to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the priest will order someone to kill one bird over a clay bowl containing fresh water.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.

New American Standard 1977
“The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water.

Jubilee Bible 2000
and the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel upon living water;

King James 2000 Bible
And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

American King James Version
And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

American Standard Version
And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he shall command one of the sparrows to be immolated in an earthen vessel over living waters:

Darby Bible Translation
And the priest shall command that one bird be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

English Revised Version
And the priest shall command to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water:

Webster's Bible Translation
And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel, over running water.

World English Bible
The priest shall command them to kill one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water.

Young's Literal Translation
'And the priest hath commanded, and he hath slaughtered the one bird upon an earthen vessel, over running water;
Study Bible
Cleansing the Leper
4then the priest shall give orders to take two live clean birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop for the one who is to be cleansed. 5"The priest shall also give orders to slay the one bird in an earthenware vessel over running water. 6"As for the live bird, he shall take it together with the cedar wood and the scarlet string and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird that was slain over the running water.…
Cross References
Leviticus 14:4
then the priest shall give orders to take two live clean birds and cedar wood and a scarlet string and hyssop for the one who is to be cleansed.

Leviticus 14:6
"As for the live bird, he shall take it together with the cedar wood and the scarlet string and the hyssop, and shall dip them and the live bird in the blood of the bird that was slain over the running water.
Treasury of Scripture

And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water:

earthen vessel

Leviticus 14:50 And he shall kill the one of the birds in an earthen vessel over running water:

Numbers 5:17 And the priest shall take holy water in an earthen vessel; and of …

2 Corinthians 4:7 But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency …

2 Corinthians 5:1 For we know that if our earthly house of this tabernacle were dissolved, …

2 Corinthians 13:4 For though he was crucified through weakness, yet he lives by the …

Hebrews 2:14 For as much then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood, …

(5) And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed.--Rather, And the priest shall command, and he shall kill the one bird, that is, upon the priest ordering it, the cured leper is to kill the one which is the fairer and better bird of the two, as was the rule during the second Temple. Not being a sacrifice, the victim was killed outside the camp.

In an earthen vessel over running water.--Better, over an earthen vessel upon (or into) living water, that is, the bird was killed over the dish, so as to let the blood flow into the water. The vessel had to be a new one; into it was poured a fourth part of a log, or as much as an egg and a-half of "living water:" that is, water taken from a running stream or a perennial spring, where its continual motion resembles life, in contradistinction to stale or stagnant water. Water which had already been used for other purposes, salt water, rain water, or water which had been melted or warmed, was illegal. When the blood had thus been wrung into it, a hole was dug, and the bird was buried in the presence of the priest and the patient.

Verse 5. - One of the birds be killed in an earthen vessel over running water. A small quantity of water was placed in an earthenware dish, and one of the birds was killed over the dish in such a way that the blood dripped into the water. The water was needed, as there would not have been sufficient blood in the bird for the seven sprinklings which were to be made. It was to be running, literally, living, water; that is, fresh water taken from a fountain or a running stream, in order that it might be as pure as possible. Symbolically, the cleansing power of water as well as of blood is indicated. And the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed,.... That is, shall command another priest to kill one of them, or an Israelite, as Aben Ezra; and who also observes, that some say the leper, or the butcher, as the Targum of Jonathan; the killing of this bird, not being a sacrifice, might be done without the camp, as it was, and not at the altar, near to which sacrifices were slain, and where they were offered: and this was to be done

in an earthen vessel over running water: this vessel, according to the Jewish traditions (a), was to be a new one, and a fourth part of a log of running water was to be put into it, and then the bird was to be killed over it, and its blood squeezed into it, and then a hole was dug, and it was buried before the leprous person; and so it should be rendered, "over an earthen vessel", as it is in the Tigurine version, and by Noldius (b); for how could it be killed in it, especially when water was in it? the killing of this bird may have respect to the sufferings, death, and bloodshed of Christ, which were necessary for the purging and cleansing of leprous sinners, and which were endured in his human nature, comparable to an earthen vessel, as an human body sometimes is; see 2 Corinthians 4:7; for he was crucified through weakness, and was put to death in the flesh, 2 Corinthians 13:4; and the running or living water mixed with blood may denote both the sanctification and justification of Christ's people by the water and blood which sprung from his pierced side, and the continual virtue thereof to take away sin, and free from it; or the active and passive obedience of Christ, which both together are the matter of a sinner's justification before God.

(a) Negaim, c. 14. sect. 1.((b) Ebr. Concord. part. p. 64. No. 318. 5-9. the priest shall command that one of the birds be killed … over running water—As the blood of a single bird would not have been sufficient to immerse the body of another bird, it was mingled with spring water to increase the quantity necessary for the appointed sprinklings, which were to be repeated seven times, denoting a complete purification. (See 2Ki 5:10; Ps 51:2; Mt 8:4; Lu 5:14). The living bird being then set free, in token of the leper's release from quarantine, the priest pronounced him clean; and this official declaration was made with all solemnity, in order that the mind of the leper might be duly impressed with a sense of the divine goodness, and that others might be satisfied they might safely hold intercourse with him. Several other purifications had to be gone through during a series of seven days, and the whole process had to be repeated on the seventh, ere he was allowed to re-enter the camp. The circumstance of a priest being employed seems to imply that instruction suitable to the newly recovered leper would be given, and that the symbolical ceremonies used in the process of cleansing leprosy would be explained. How far they were then understood we cannot tell. But we can trace some instructive analogies between the leprosy and the disease of sin, and between the rites observed in the process of cleansing leprosy and the provisions of the Gospel. The chief of these analogies is that as it was only when a leper exhibited a certain change of state that orders were given by the priest for a sacrifice, so a sinner must be in the exercise of faith and penitence ere the benefits of the gospel remedy can be enjoyed by him. The slain bird and the bird let loose are supposed to typify, the one the death, and the other the resurrection of Christ; while the sprinklings on him that had been leprous typified the requirements which led a believer to cleanse himself from all filthiness of the flesh and spirit, and to perfect his holiness in the fear of the Lord.14:1-9 The priests could not cleanse the lepers; but when the Lord removed the plague, various rules were to be observed in admitting them again to the ordinances of God, and the society of his people. They represent many duties and exercises of truly repenting sinners, and the duties of ministers respecting them. If we apply this to the spiritual leprosy of sin, it intimates that when we withdraw from those who walk disorderly, we must not count them as enemies, but admonish them as brethren. And also that when God by his grace has brought to repentance, they ought with tenderness and joy, and sincere affection, to be received again. Care should always be taken that sinners may not be encouraged, nor penitents discouraged. If it were found that the leprosy was healed, the priest must declare it with the particular solemnities here described. The two birds, one killed, and the other dipped in the blood of the bird that was killed, and then let loose, may signify Christ shedding his blood for sinners, and rising and ascending into heaven. The priest having pronounced the leper clean from the disease, he must make himself clean from all remains of it. Thus those who have comfort of the remission of their sins, must with care and caution cleanse themselves from sins; for every one that has this hope in him, will be concerned to purify himself.
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