Leviticus 11:5
Parallel Verses
New International Version
The hyrax, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you.

New Living Translation
The hyrax chews the cud but does not have split hooves, so it is unclean.

English Standard Version
And the rock badger, because it chews the cud but does not part the hoof, is unclean to you.

New American Standard Bible
'Likewise, the shaphan, for though it chews cud, it does not divide the hoof, it is unclean to you;

King James Bible
And the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean unto you.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
the hyrax, though it chews the cud, does not have hooves--it is unclean for you;

International Standard Version
the rock badger (because it chews its cud but its hooves aren't divided, it is to be unclean for you),

NET Bible
The rock badger is unclean to you because it chews the cud even though its hoof is not divided.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You must never eat rock badgers. (Rock badgers are unclean because they chew their cud but do not have divided hoofs.)

Jubilee Bible 2000
And the coney because it chews the cud, but divides not the hoof: it is unclean unto you.

King James 2000 Bible
And the rock badger, because it chews the cud, but divides not the hoof; it is unclean unto you.

American King James Version
And the coney, because he chews the cud, but divides not the hoof; he is unclean to you.

American Standard Version
And the coney, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The cherogrillus which cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean.

Darby Bible Translation
and the rock-badger, for it cheweth the cud, but hath not cloven hoofs -- it shall be unclean unto you;

English Revised Version
And the coney, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.

Webster's Bible Translation
And the coney, because he cheweth the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean to you.

World English Bible
The coney, because he chews the cud but doesn't have a parted hoof, he is unclean to you.

Young's Literal Translation
and the rabbit, though it is bringing up the cud, yet the hoof it divideth not -- unclean it is to you;
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

11:1-47 What animals were clean and unclean. - These laws seem to have been intended, 1. As a test of the people's obedience, as Adam was forbidden to eat of the tree of knowledge; and to teach them self-denial, and the government of their appetites. 2. To keep the Israelites distinct from other nations. Many also of these forbidden animals were objects of superstition and idolatry to the heathen. 3. The people were taught to make distinctions between the holy and unholy in their companions and intimate connexions. 4. The law forbad, not only the eating of the unclean beasts, but the touching of them. Those who would be kept from any sin, must be careful to avoid all temptations to it, or coming near it. The exceptions are very minute, and all were designed to call forth constant care and exactness in their obedience; and to teach us to obey. Whilst we enjoy our Christian liberty, and are free from such burdensome observances, we must be careful not to abuse our liberty. For the Lord hath redeemed and called his people, that they may be holy, even as he is holy. We must come out, and be separate from the world; we must leave the company of the ungodly, and all needless connexions with those who are dead in sin; we must be zealous of good works devoted followers of God, and companions of his people.
]

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 5. - The coney, Hebrew, shaphan; the Hyrax Syriacus, or wabr, still called in Southern Arabia tsofun, a little animal similar to but not identical with the rabbit. "They live in the natural caves and clefts of the rocks (Psalm 104:18), are very gregarious, being often seen seated in troops before the openings of their caves, and extremely timid, as they are quite defenseless (Proverbs 30:26). They are about the size of rabbits, of a brownish-gray or brownish-yellow color, but white under the belly; they have bright eyes, round ears, and no tail. The Arabs eat them, but do not place them before their guests" (Keil).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And the coney,.... Or rabbit:

because he cheweth the cud; or "though he cheweth"; which yet, some observe, the coney or rabbit does not, it having upper teeth, and therefore they think some other creature is meant by Shaphan, the word here used; and Bochart (m) is of opinion, that the Aljarbuo of the Arabians, a sort of mountain mouse, is meant, which chews the cud and divides not the hoof, and resides in rocks, which agrees with the account of the Shaphan in Proverbs 30:26 but this is rejected by Dr. Shaw (n), who takes the creature here to be the Daman Israel, or Israel's lamb, an animal of Mount Lebanon, a harmless creature of the same size and quality with the rabbit, and with the like incurvating posture, and disposition or the fore teeth, but is of a browner colour, with smaller eyes, and a head more pointed, like the marmots; the fore feet likewise are short, and the hinder are nearly as long in proportion as those of the jerboa; and though this animal is known to burrow sometimes in the ground, yet its usual residence and refuge is in the holes and clifts of the rocks; but a learned man (o), and very inquisitive in the things of nature, tells us, that the "cuniculus", coney, or rabbit, this sort of animals do chew half an hour after eating:

but divideth not the hoof; which is well known of this creature:

he is unclean unto you; not fit or proper to be eaten of, but to be abstained from as an unclean animal; and may be an emblem of timorous persons, as these creatures by Aristotle (p) are observed to be, and it is well known they are; even of the fearful and unbelieving, reckoned among the impure, who will have their portion in the lake of fire, Revelation 21:8.

(m) Hierozoic par. 1. l. 3. c. 33. col. 1015, 1016. (n) Travels, p. 177, 348. Ed. 2.((o) Scheuchzer. ut supra, (Physic. Sacr. vol. 2.) p. 281. (p) Hist. Animal. l. 1. c. 1.

Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary

5. the coney—not the rabbit, for it is not found in Palestine or Arabia, but the hyrax, a little animal of the size and general shape of the rabbit, but differing from it in several essential features. It has no tail, singular, long hairs bristling like thorns among the fur on its back; its feet are bare, its nails flat and round, except those on each inner toe of the hind feet, which are sharp and project like an awl. It does not burrow in the ground but frequents the clefts of rocks.

Leviticus 11:5 Additional Commentaries
Context
Clean and Unclean Animals
4'Nevertheless, you are not to eat of these, among those which chew the cud, or among those which divide the hoof: the camel, for though it chews cud, it does not divide the hoof, it is unclean to you. 5'Likewise, the shaphan, for though it chews cud, it does not divide the hoof, it is unclean to you; 6the rabbit also, for though it chews cud, it does not divide the hoof, it is unclean to you;…
Cross References
Leviticus 11:3
You may eat any animal that has a divided hoof and that chews the cud.

Leviticus 11:4
"'There are some that only chew the cud or only have a divided hoof, but you must not eat them. The camel, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is ceremonially unclean for you.

Leviticus 11:6
The rabbit, though it chews the cud, does not have a divided hoof; it is unclean for you.

Deuteronomy 14:7
However, of those that chew the cud or that have a divided hoof you may not eat the camel, the rabbit or the hyrax. Although they chew the cud, they do not have a divided hoof; they are ceremonially unclean for you.

Psalm 104:18
The high mountains belong to the wild goats; the crags are a refuge for the hyrax.

Proverbs 30:26
hyraxes are creatures of little power, yet they make their home in the crags;
Treasury of Scripture

And the coney, because he chews the cud, but divides not the hoof; he is unclean to you.

the coney Shapha, most probably an animal resembling the rabbit, called by Dr. Shaw, {daman} (probably for ganam) Israel, `Israel's lamb,' and by Bruce, {ashkoko}, which name he imagines is `derived from the singularity of these long herenacious?? hairs, which, like small thorns, grow about his back, and which an Amhara are called {ashok}.' This curious animal abounds in Judea, Palestine, Arabia, and Ethiopia; and is described as being about seventeen inches when sitting. It has no tail; and at first sight gives the idea of a rat. Its colour is grey, mixed with reddish brown; the belly white, the body covered with strong polished hairs, for the most part about two inches in length; the ears round, and not pointed; the feet round, of a soft, pulpy, tender substance; the toes projecting beyond the mails, which are rather broad than sharp, the upper jaw is longer than the other; it lives upon grain, fruit, and roots, and certainly chews the cud; and it does not burrow like the hare and rabbit, but lives in clefts of the rocks.

Psalm 104:18 The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.

Proverbs 30:26 The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they their houses in the rocks;

but divideth

Job 36:14 They die in youth, and their life is among the unclean.

Matthew 7:26 And every one that hears these sayings of mine, and does them not, …

Romans 2:18-24 And know his will, and approve the things that are more excellent, …

Philippians 3:18,19 (For many walk, of whom I have told you often, and now tell you even …

2 Timothy 3:5 Having a form of godliness, but denying the power thereof: from such turn away.

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being …

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