Joshua 6:4
Parallel Verses
New International Version
Have seven priests carry trumpets of rams' horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day, march around the city seven times, with the priests blowing the trumpets.

New Living Translation
Seven priests will walk ahead of the Ark, each carrying a ram's horn. On the seventh day you are to march around the town seven times, with the priests blowing the horns.

English Standard Version
Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams’ horns before the ark. On the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

New American Standard Bible
"Also seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark; then on the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

King James Bible
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Have seven priests carry seven ram's-horn trumpets in front of the ark. But on the seventh day, march around the city seven times, while the priests blow the trumpets.

International Standard Version
with seven priests carrying in front of the ark seven trumpets made from rams' horns. On the seventh day march around the city seven times while the priests blow their trumpets.

NET Bible
Have seven priests carry seven rams' horns in front of the ark. On the seventh day march around the city seven times, while the priests blow the horns.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Seven priests will carry rams' horns ahead of the ark. But on the seventh day you must march around the city seven times while the priests blow their horns.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven shofarot {or rams horns} of jubilee; and the seventh day ye shall go around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the shofarot.

King James 2000 Bible
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

American King James Version
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day you shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

American Standard Version
And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams horns before the ark: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And on the seventh day the priests shall take the seven trumpets, which are used in the jubilee, and shall go before the ark of the covenant: and you shall go about the city seven times, and the priests shall sound the trumpets.

Darby Bible Translation
And seven priests shall carry before the ark seven blast-trumpets; and on the seventh day ye shall go round the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

English Revised Version
And seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

Webster's Bible Translation
And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

World English Bible
Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark. On the seventh day, you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets.

Young's Literal Translation
and seven priests do bear seven trumpets of the jubilee before the ark, and on the seventh day ye compass the city seven times, and the priests blow with the trumpets,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

6:1-5 Jericho resolves Israel shall not be its master. It shut itself up, being strongly fortified both by art and nature. Thus were they foolish, and their hearts hardened to their destruction; the miserable case of all that strengthen themselves against the Almighty. God resolves Israel shall be its master, and that quickly. No warlike preparations were to be made. By the uncommon method of besieging the city, the Lord honoured the ark, as the symbol of his presence, and showed that all the victories were from him. The faith and patience of the people were proved and increased.

Pulpit Commentary

Verse 4. - And seven priests shall bear before the ark. The Vulgate puts "on the seventh day" in connection with this part of the sentence; Luther also translates thus. The LXX., which Calvin and our translators and the majority of commentators follow, regard this part of the sentence as stating what was to be done on the six days, and rightly so, as vers. 8-14 clearly show. That the historian, as has been before remarked, did not always give the full instructions Joshua received is evident from this passage. The priests are not said to have been instructed to sound the trumpet on the six days; yet we learn from Joshua 5:13 that they did so. It is rather implied than expressed that the ark was also to be borne in procession; but that this was (lone is evident from ver. 8. Seven trumpets of rams' horns. There is no mention of rams' horns in the original, which is שׁופְרות trumpets of jubilee, i.e., of triumph (hardly as Gesenius, "alarm trumpets," though not necessarily, with Dr. Vaughan in his 'Heroes of Faith,' "the emblems of festival, not of warfare"). The word הַיּובְלִים is derived from the same root as the Latin is in the phrase Io Triumphe (cf. Greek ἰώ), and according to Gesenius our word "yule" is also derived from this root. The שׁופַר as the next verse shows, was a curved instrument, in shape like a ram's horn, though not necessarily of that material; whereas the חַלֺצצְרָה was a straight trumpet. Seven times. The importance of the number seven as indicative of completeness is here strongly indicated. Seven priests were to carry seven trumpets for seven days. The word for to swear, נְִשבַּע literally to be sevened, means to have one's vow consecrated and confirmed by seven sacrifices or seven witnesses (see Genesis 21:28, 30). The number seven, says Bahr in his 'Symbolik des Alten Testament,' 1, 187, 188, is the sign of the relation, union, communion between God and the world, as represented by the number three and four respectively, just as twelve is in another relation (see note on Joshua 21:3). Its meaning, according to Bahr, among the heathen is somewhat different. There it means the harmony of the universe, and is signified by the seven stars, to which, and neither more nor less, was the power of influencing man's destiny ascribed. And the priests shall blow with the trumpets. "Fac tibi tribas ductiles, si sacerdos es, immo, quia sacerdos es (gens enim regalis effectus es et sacerdotium sanctum, de te enim scripture est), fac tibi tribas ductiles ex Scripturis sanctis" (Orig., Hom. 7 on Joshua).

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns,.... The ark was to be taken up and carried by priests round the city. Ben Gersom observes, that this was to direct the Israelites to keep and do according to all that was written in it; that is, in the law, which was contained in it; but no doubt the design of it was to show, that the subduing of Jericho, and the miracle that would be wrought, were owing to the power and presence of God, of which the ark was a symbol: and before it were to go seven other priests, with trumpets in their hands; which, according to our version, were made of rams horns: in the original it is "jobelim", or "jubilee" trumpets. Some think it means only such as they were to use in the year of jubilee; so Abarbinel and others, as Masius and Noldius (x); that they had their name from Jubal, the first inventor of musical instruments, Genesis 4:21; for rams' horns are objected to because they are solid, and not hollow; as if they could not be bored and made hollow, and fit for such a purpose. The Targum, Jarchi, and Kimchi, interpret the word by rams horns, as we do (y); and observe what R. Akiba said,"when (says he) I went into Arabia, I heard them call; a ram "jobel"; and the trumpet itself is called "jobel", because made of a ram's horn (z):"

and the seventh day ye shall compass the city seven times; in the same manner as on the other days:

and the priests shall blow with the trumpets; which they were to do; and did every day.

(x) P. 160. No. 1515. (y) So Joseph. Antiqu. l. 5. c. 6. sect. 5. (z) Kimchi, Sepher. Shorash. rad. R. Sol. Urbim. Ohel Moed, fol. 39. 2.



Joshua 6:4 Additional Commentaries
Context
The Walls of Jericho
3"You shall march around the city, all the men of war circling the city once. You shall do so for six days. 4"Also seven priests shall carry seven trumpets of rams' horns before the ark; then on the seventh day you shall march around the city seven times, and the priests shall blow the trumpets. 5"It shall be that when they make a long blast with the ram's horn, and when you hear the sound of the trumpet, all the people shall shout with a great shout; and the wall of the city will fall down flat, and the people will go up every man straight ahead."…
Cross References
Leviticus 25:9
Then have the trumpet sounded everywhere on the tenth day of the seventh month; on the Day of Atonement sound the trumpet throughout your land.

Numbers 10:8
"The sons of Aaron, the priests, are to blow the trumpets. This is to be a lasting ordinance for you and the generations to come.

Joshua 6:3
March around the city once with all the armed men. Do this for six days.

Joshua 6:5
When you hear them sound a long blast on the trumpets, have the whole army give a loud shout; then the wall of the city will collapse and the army will go up, everyone straight in."

Joshua 6:13
The seven priests carrying the seven trumpets went forward, marching before the ark of the LORD and blowing the trumpets. The armed men went ahead of them and the rear guard followed the ark of the LORD, while the trumpets kept sounding.
Treasury of Scripture

And seven priests shall bear before the ark seven trumpets of rams' horns: and the seventh day you shall compass the city seven times, and the priests shall blow with the trumpets.

trumpets of rams' The word shopheroth hyyovelim, should rather be rendered jubilee i.e., such as were used on the jubilee, which were probably made of horn or silver: for the entrance of the Israelites into Canaan was indeed a jubilee to them (See Note on

Leviticus 25:11 A jubilee shall that fiftieth year be to you: you shall not sow, …

Leviticus 25:9 Then shall you cause the trumpet of the jubilee to sound on the tenth …

Numbers 10:1-10 And the LORD spoke to Moses, saying…

Judges 7:7,8,15-22 And the LORD said to Gideon, By the three hundred men that lapped …

2 Chronicles 13:12 And, behold, God himself is with us for our captain, and his priests …

2 Chronicles 20:17,19,21 You shall not need to fight in this battle: set yourselves, stand …

Isaiah 27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off …

Zechariah 4:6 Then he answered and spoke to me, saying, This is the word of the …

seven times

Genesis 2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it: because that …

Genesis 7:2,3 Of every clean beast you shall take to you by sevens, the male and …

Leviticus 4:6 And the priest shall dip his finger in the blood, and sprinkle of …

Leviticus 14:16 And the priest shall dip his right finger in the oil that is in his left hand…

Leviticus 25:8 And you shall number seven sabbaths of years to you, seven times seven years…

Numbers 23:1 And Balaam said to Balak, Build me here seven altars, and prepare …

1 Kings 18:43 And said to his servant, Go up now, look toward the sea. And he went …

2 Kings 5:10 And Elisha sent a messenger to him, saying, Go and wash in Jordan …

Job 42:8 Therefore take to you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to …

Zechariah 4:2 And said to me, What see you? And I said, I have looked, and behold …

Revelation 1:4,20 John to the seven churches which are in Asia: Grace be to you, and …

Revelation 5:1,6 And I saw in the right hand of him that sat on the throne a book …

Revelation 8:2,6 And I saw the seven angels which stood before God; and to them were …

Revelation 10:3 And cried with a loud voice, as when a lion roars: and when he had …

Revelation 15:1,7 And I saw another sign in heaven, great and marvelous, seven angels …

Revelation 16:1 And I heard a great voice out of the temple saying to the seven angels, …

Jump to Previous
Ark Bear Blast-Trumpets Blow Blowing Carry City Compass Hands Horns Jubilee March Priests Rams Round Seven Seventh Times Trumpets
Jump to Next
Ark Bear Blast-Trumpets Blow Blowing Carry City Compass Hands Horns Jubilee March Priests Rams Round Seven Seventh Times Trumpets
Links
Joshua 6:4 NIV
Joshua 6:4 NLT
Joshua 6:4 ESV
Joshua 6:4 NASB
Joshua 6:4 KJV

Joshua 6:4 Bible Apps
Joshua 6:4 Bible Suite
Joshua 6:4 Biblia Paralela
Joshua 6:4 Chinese Bible
Joshua 6:4 French Bible
Joshua 6:4 German Bible

Alphabetical: Also and ark around before blow blowing carry city day front Have horns in march of On priests rams seven seventh shall the then times trumpets with you

OT History: Joshua 6:4 Seven priests shall bear seven trumpets (Josh. Jos) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Bible Hub
Joshua 6:3
Top of Page
Top of Page