6684. tsum
Strong's Concordance
tsum: to abstain from food, fast
Original Word: צוּם
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: tsum
Phonetic Spelling: (tsoom)
Short Definition: fasted
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to abstain from food, fast
NASB Translation
actually (1), fast (6), fasted (12), fasted* (1), fasting (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
[צוּם] verb abstain from food, fast (Late Hebrew id.; Arabic () , Ethiopic Aramaic צוּם, ); —

Qal Perfect2masculine singular צַמְתָּ 2 Samuel 12:21; 2masculine plural צַמְתֶּם Zechariah 7:5, suffix צַמְתֻּנִי Zechariah 7:5; Imperfect3masculine singular וַיָּ֫צָם 2 Samuel 12:16, וַיָּצוֺ֑ם 1 Kings 21:27; 1singular אָצוּםEsther 4:16, etc.; Imperative masculine plural צוּמוּ Esther 4:16; Infinitive absolute צוֺם Zechariah 7:5; Participle צָם 2 Samuel 12:23; Nehemiah 1:4; — fast, in mourning the dead 1 Samuel 31:13 = 1 Chronicles 10:12; 2 Samuel 1:12; in worship (contrition, intercession, etc.) Jon 20:26; 1 Samuel 7:6; 2 Samuel 12:16 (with accusative of congnate meaning with verb צוֺם; "" בִּקֵּשׁ), 2 Samuel 12:23 and (+בָּכָה), 2 Samuel 12:21; 2 Samuel 12:22 (q. v. for explanation), Jeremiah 14:12; Zechariah 7:5 (+סְפוֺד), הֲצוֺם צַמְתֻּנִי Zechariah 7:5 (Ges§ 117x) was it at all unto me [׳י] that ye fasted ? וָאֱהִי צָם Nehemiah 1:4 (periphrase conjectural; +מִתְמַּלֵּל), compare Ezra 8:23 (+בִּמֵּשׁ), Esther 4:16 (with עַל person for whom), Esther 4:16, Isaiah 58:3 ("" עִנִּינוּ נַפְשֵׁנוּ), Isaiah 58:4 (with ל of thing), Isaiah 58:4; once in disappointment and vexation 1 Kings 21:27.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
fast

A primitive root; to cover over (the mouth), i.e. To fast -- X at all, fast.

Forms and Transliterations
אָצ֣וּם אצום הֲצ֥וֹם הצום וְצ֣וּמוּ וַיָּ֤צָם וַיָּצ֑וֹם וַיָּצ֖וּמוּ וַיָּצ֙וּמוּ֙ וַיָּצ֥וּמוּ וַיָּצֻ֖מוּ וַנָּצ֛וּמָה ויצום ויצומו ויצם ויצמו ונצומה וצומו יָצֻ֗מוּ יצמו צַ֖מְתִּי צַ֣מְתָּ צַּ֙מְנוּ֙ צַמְתֶּ֨ם צַמְתֻּ֖נִי צָ֔ם צָם֙ צם צמנו צמת צמתי צמתם צמתני תָּצ֔וּמוּ תָצ֣וּמוּ תצומו ’ā·ṣūm ’āṣūm aTzum hă·ṣō·wm hăṣōwm haTzom ṣām ṣam·nū ṣam·tā ṣam·tem ṣam·tî ṣam·tu·nî ṣamnū ṣamtā ṣamtem ṣamtî ṣamtunî tā·ṣū·mū ṯā·ṣū·mū tāṣūmū ṯāṣūmū taTzumu Tzam tzamnu Tzamta tzamTem Tzamti tzamTuni vaiYatzom vaiyaTzumu vannaTzumah veTzumu wan·nā·ṣū·māh wannāṣūmāh way·yā·ṣām way·yā·ṣō·wm way·yā·ṣu·mū way·yā·ṣū·mū wayyāṣām wayyāṣōwm wayyāṣumū wayyāṣūmū wə·ṣū·mū wəṣūmū yā·ṣu·mū yāṣumū yaTzumu
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Strong's Hebrew 6684
21 Occurrences


’ā·ṣūm — 1 Occ.
hă·ṣō·wm — 1 Occ.
tā·ṣū·mū — 2 Occ.
ṣām — 2 Occ.
ṣam·nū — 1 Occ.
ṣam·tā — 1 Occ.
ṣam·tem — 1 Occ.
ṣam·tî — 1 Occ.
ṣam·tu·nî — 1 Occ.
way·yā·ṣām — 2 Occ.
way·yā·ṣū·mū — 5 Occ.
wan·nā·ṣū·māh — 1 Occ.
wə·ṣū·mū — 1 Occ.
yā·ṣu·mū — 1 Occ.

Judges 20:26
HEB: לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֔ה וַיָּצ֥וּמוּ בַיּוֹם־ הַה֖וּא
NAS: the LORD and fasted that day
KJV: the LORD, and fasted that day
INT: before the LORD and fasted day he

1 Samuel 7:6
HEB: לִפְנֵ֣י יְהוָ֗ה וַיָּצ֙וּמוּ֙ בַּיּ֣וֹם הַה֔וּא
NAS: the LORD, and fasted on that day
KJV: the LORD, and fasted on that day,
INT: before the LORD and fasted day he

1 Samuel 31:13
HEB: הָאֶ֖שֶׁל בְּיָבֵ֑שָׁה וַיָּצֻ֖מוּ שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים׃
NAS: at Jabesh, and fasted seven
KJV: at Jabesh, and fasted seven
INT: the tamarisk Jabesh and fasted seven days

2 Samuel 1:12
HEB: וַֽיִּסְפְּדוּ֙ וַיִּבְכּ֔וּ וַיָּצֻ֖מוּ עַד־ הָעָ֑רֶב
NAS: and wept and fasted until
KJV: and wept, and fasted until even,
INT: mourned and wept and fasted until evening

2 Samuel 12:16
HEB: בְּעַ֣ד הַנָּ֑עַר וַיָּ֤צָם דָּוִד֙ צ֔וֹם
NAS: and David fasted and went
KJV: and David fasted, and went in,
INT: for the child fast and David fast

2 Samuel 12:21
HEB: הַיֶּ֤לֶד חַי֙ צַ֣מְתָּ וַתֵּ֔בְךְּ וְכַֽאֲשֶׁר֙
NAS: was alive, you fasted and wept;
KJV: [is] this that thou hast done? thou didst fast and weep
INT: the child was alive fasted and wept after

2 Samuel 12:22
HEB: הַיֶּ֣לֶד חַ֔י צַ֖מְתִּי וָֽאֶבְכֶּ֑ה כִּ֤י
NAS: was [still] alive, I fasted and wept;
KJV: was yet alive, I fasted and wept:
INT: the child was alive fasted and wept for

2 Samuel 12:23
HEB: זֶּה֙ אֲנִ֣י צָ֔ם הַאוּכַ֥ל לַהֲשִׁיב֖וֹ
NAS: why should I fast? Can
KJV: But now he is dead, wherefore should I fast? can
INT: he I fast can bring

1 Kings 21:27
HEB: עַל־ בְּשָׂר֖וֹ וַיָּצ֑וֹם וַיִּשְׁכַּ֣ב בַּשָּׂ֔ק
NAS: on sackcloth and fasted, and he lay
KJV: upon his flesh, and fasted, and lay
INT: upon his flesh and fasted lay sackcloth

1 Chronicles 10:12
HEB: הָאֵלָה֙ בְּיָבֵ֔שׁ וַיָּצ֖וּמוּ שִׁבְעַ֥ת יָמִֽים׃
NAS: in Jabesh, and fasted seven
KJV: in Jabesh, and fasted seven
INT: the oak Jabesh and fasted seven days

Ezra 8:23
HEB: וַנָּצ֛וּמָה וַנְּבַקְשָׁ֥ה מֵאֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ
NAS: So we fasted and sought our God
KJV: So we fasted and besought our God
INT: fasted and sought our God

Nehemiah 1:4
HEB: יָמִ֑ים וָֽאֱהִ֥י צָם֙ וּמִתְפַּלֵּ֔ל לִפְנֵ֖י
NAS: for days; and I was fasting and praying
KJV: [certain] days, and fasted, and prayed
INT: days become was fasting and praying before

Esther 4:16
HEB: הַֽנִּמְצְאִ֣ים בְּשׁוּשָׁ֗ן וְצ֣וּמוּ עָ֠לַי וְאַל־
NAS: in Susa, and fast for me; do not eat
KJV: in Shushan, and fast ye for me, and neither eat
INT: are found Susa and fast and not

Esther 4:16
HEB: אֲנִ֥י וְנַעֲרֹתַ֖י אָצ֣וּם כֵּ֑ן וּבְכֵ֞ן
NAS: also will fast in the same
KJV: I also and my maidens will fast likewise; and so
INT: and maidens will fast the same way

Isaiah 58:3
HEB: לָ֤מָּה צַּ֙מְנוּ֙ וְלֹ֣א רָאִ֔יתָ
NAS: Why have we fasted and You do not see?
KJV: Wherefore have we fasted, [say they], and thou seest
INT: Why fasted and thou seest

Isaiah 58:4
HEB: לְרִ֤יב וּמַצָּה֙ תָּצ֔וּמוּ וּלְהַכּ֖וֹת בְּאֶגְרֹ֣ף
NAS: Behold, you fast for contention
KJV: Behold, ye fast for strife and debate,
INT: contention and strife fast strike fist

Isaiah 58:4
HEB: רֶ֑שַׁע לֹא־ תָצ֣וּמוּ כַיּ֔וֹם לְהַשְׁמִ֥יעַ
NAS: fist. You do not fast like [you do] today
KJV: of wickedness: ye shall not fast as [ye do this] day,
INT: A wicked not fast today to make

Jeremiah 14:12
HEB: כִּ֣י יָצֻ֗מוּ אֵינֶ֤נִּי שֹׁמֵ֙עַ֙
NAS: When they fast, I am not going to listen
KJV: When they fast, I will not hear
INT: When fast I am not to listen

Zechariah 7:5
HEB: לֵאמֹ֑ר כִּֽי־ צַמְתֶּ֨ם וְסָפ֜וֹד בַּחֲמִישִׁ֣י
NAS: When you fasted and mourned
KJV: saying, When ye fasted and mourned
INT: Say When fasted and mourned the fifth

Zechariah 7:5
HEB: שִׁבְעִ֣ים שָׁנָ֔ה הֲצ֥וֹם צַמְתֻּ֖נִי אָֽנִי׃
NAS: years, was it actually for Me that you fasted?
KJV: years, did ye at all fast
INT: seventy years actually fasted I

Zechariah 7:5
HEB: שָׁנָ֔ה הֲצ֥וֹם צַמְתֻּ֖נִי אָֽנִי׃
NAS: was it actually for Me that you fasted?
KJV: did ye at all fast unto me, [even] to me?
INT: years actually fasted I

21 Occurrences

6683
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