5594. saphad
Strong's Concordance
saphad: to wail, lament
Original Word: סָפַד
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: saphad
Phonetic Spelling: (saw-fad')
Short Definition: lament
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to wail, lament
NASB Translation
beat (1), lament (9), lamented (5), mourn (8), mourned (6), mourners (1), mourns (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
[סָפַד] verb wail, lament (Late Hebrew id.; ᵑ7 סְפַד, ChrPalAramaic id., SchwIdioticon 64; Assyrian [sapâdu]], sipdu, sipittu, mourning, DlHWB 507; compare Amharic dirge PräZMG xxxv (1881), 762); —

Qal Perfect3feminine singular וְסָֽפְדָה consecutive Zechariah 12:12, 3plural וְסָֽפְדוּ consecutive 1 Kings 14:13; Zechariah 12:10; Imperfect3feminine singular וַתִּסְמֹּד 2 Samuel 11:26, 2masculine singular תִּסְמֹּד Ezekiel 24:16, 1singular cohortative אֶסְמְּדָה Micah 1:8, 3masculine plural יִסְמְּדוּ Jeremiah 6:16 +, etc.; Imperative masculine plural סִפְדוּ 2 Samuel 3:31 2t.; feminine plural סְפֹ֫דְנָה Jeremiah 49:3; Infinitive absolute סָפוֺד Zechariah 7:5; construct סְפוֺד Ecclesiastes 3:4, לִסְמֹּד Genesis 23:2; 1 Kings 13:29, לִסְמּוֺד Jeremiah 16:5; Participle active plural סֹפְדִים Isaiah 32:12, ׳סוֺ Ecclesiastes 12:5; — wail, lament (with loud cries, etc., see Micah 1:8, and compare DrAmos 5:16), especially for dead, with לְ, 1 Samuel 25:1; 1 Samuel 28:3; 1 Kings 14:13,18; Genesis 23:2 (P) Jeremiah 16:6; Jeremiah 22:18 (twice in verse); Jeremiah 34:5, compare וְאַלתֵּֿלֵךְ לִסְמּוֺד וְאַלתָּֿנֹד לָהֶם Jeremiah 16:5; with עַלֿ over 2 Samuel 1:12; 2 Samuel 11:26; 1 Kings 13:30, compare Zechariah 12:10 (see Zechariah 12:12 below); with לִפְנֵי i.e. marching before (bier) 2 Samuel 3:31 (see Dr); with accusative of congnate meaning with verb Genesis 50:10 (J); absolute 1 Kings 13:29; Ezekiel 24:16 compare Ezekiel 24:23; Ecclesiastes 3:4 (opposed to רקד; compare Psalm 30:12), and participle as substantive Ecclesiastes 12:5 wailers; also, with idea of guilt on part of those wailing, Zechariah 12:12 (compare Zechariah 12:10 above); over calamity, judgment, with עַלֿ Micah 1:8, absolute Jeremiah 4:8 (both + הֵילִיל), Jeremiah 49:3 and (with fasting) Zechariah 7:5; Joel 1:13. — ׳עַלשָֿׁדַיִם סֹפְדִים עַלשְֿׂדֵיחֶֿמֶד וגו Isaiah 32:12 is dubious; Thes Ew De Che and others upon the breasts smiting (?) for the fields, etc., but read probably שָׂדִים (וֺֿת, יִַ֯ם) GesComm. (q. v.) BuhlLex 13 Skinner and others: over the fields wailing, over the delightful fields, etc.

Niph`al Imperfect3masculine plural לֹא יִסָּֽפְדוּ Jeremiah 16:4 they shall not be bewailed, so Jeremiah 25:33.

שְׂפֹדְנָה Jeremiah 49:3 Masora, < modern editions ׳ס see ספד.

שׂפה (√ of following; compare Late Hebrew = Biblical Hebrew; Assyrian šaptu, lip, edge; so Syriac ; Arabic lip, edge).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
lament, mourner, wail

A primitive root; properly, to tear the hair and beat the breasts (as Orientals do in grief); generally to lament; by implication, to wail -- lament, mourn(-er), wail.

Forms and Transliterations
אֶסְפְּדָ֣ה אספדה הַסֹּפְדִֽים׃ הספדים׃ וְסִפְד֖וּ וְסִפְד֜וּ וְסָֽפְדוּ־ וְסָפ֜וֹד וְסָפְד֣וּ וְסָפְדָ֣ה וַֽיִּסְפְּדוּ֙ וַיִּ֨סְפְּדוּ־ וַיִּסְפְּד֥וּ וַיִּסְפְּדוּ־ וַתִּסְפֹּ֖ד ויספדו ויספדו־ וספדה וספדו וספדו־ וספוד ותספד יִסְפְּד֣וּ יִסְפְּדוּ־ יִסָּֽפְדוּ֙ יִסָּפְד֗וּ יספדו יספדו־ כְּמִסְפֵּד֙ כמספד לִסְפֹּ֖ד לִסְפֹּ֥ד לִסְפּ֔וֹד לספד לספוד מִסְפַּד֙ מספד סְפ֖וֹד סְפֹ֕דְנָה סִפְד֣וּ סֹֽפְדִ֑ים ספדו ספדים ספדנה ספוד תִסְפְּד֖וּ תִסְפֹּד֙ תספד תספדו ’es·pə·ḏāh ’espəḏāh espeDah has·sō·p̄ə·ḏîm hassofeDim hassōp̄əḏîm kə·mis·pêḏ kemisPed kəmispêḏ lis·pō·wḏ lis·pōḏ lisPod lispōḏ lispōwḏ mis·paḏ misPad mispaḏ sə·p̄ō·ḏə·nāh sə·p̄ō·wḏ seFod seFodenah səp̄ōḏənāh səp̄ōwḏ sifDu sip̄·ḏū sip̄ḏū sō·p̄ə·ḏîm sofeDim sōp̄əḏîm ṯis·pə·ḏū ṯis·pōḏ tispeDu ṯispəḏū tisPod ṯispōḏ vaiYispedu vattisPod vesafeDah vesafedu vesaFod vesifDu wat·tis·pōḏ wattispōḏ way·yis·pə·ḏū way·yis·pə·ḏū- wayyispəḏū wayyispəḏū- wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏāh wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏū wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏū- wə·sā·p̄ō·wḏ wə·sip̄·ḏū wəsāp̄əḏāh wəsāp̄əḏū wəsāp̄əḏū- wəsāp̄ōwḏ wəsip̄ḏū yis·pə·ḏū yis·pə·ḏū- yis·sā·p̄ə·ḏū yispeDu yispəḏū yispəḏū- yissafeDu yissāp̄əḏū
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Strong's Hebrew 5594
32 Occurrences


’es·pə·ḏāh — 1 Occ.
has·sō·p̄ə·ḏîm — 1 Occ.
kə·mis·pêḏ — 1 Occ.
lis·pōḏ — 3 Occ.
mis·paḏ — 1 Occ.
sə·p̄ō·wḏ — 1 Occ.
sə·p̄ō·ḏə·nāh — 1 Occ.
sip̄·ḏū — 1 Occ.
sō·p̄ə·ḏîm — 1 Occ.
ṯis·pə·ḏū — 1 Occ.
ṯis·pōḏ — 1 Occ.
way·yis·pə·ḏū- — 6 Occ.
wat·tis·pōḏ — 1 Occ.
wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏāh — 1 Occ.
wə·sā·p̄ə·ḏū- — 2 Occ.
wə·sā·p̄ō·wḏ — 1 Occ.
wə·sip̄·ḏū — 2 Occ.
yis·pə·ḏū — 4 Occ.
yis·sā·p̄ə·ḏū — 2 Occ.

Genesis 23:2
HEB: וַיָּבֹא֙ אַבְרָהָ֔ם לִסְפֹּ֥ד לְשָׂרָ֖ה וְלִבְכֹּתָֽהּ׃
NAS: went in to mourn for Sarah
KJV: came to mourn for Sarah,
INT: went and Abraham to mourn Sarah weep

Genesis 50:10
HEB: בְּעֵ֣בֶר הַיַּרְדֵּ֔ן וַיִּ֨סְפְּדוּ־ שָׁ֔ם מִסְפֵּ֛ד
NAS: the Jordan, they lamented there
KJV: Jordan, and there they mourned with a great
INT: is beyond the Jordan lamented there lamentation

1 Samuel 25:1
HEB: כָל־ יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ וַיִּסְפְּדוּ־ ל֔וֹ וַיִּקְבְּרֻ֥הוּ
NAS: gathered together and mourned for him, and buried
KJV: were gathered together, and lamented him, and buried
INT: and all Israel and mourned and buried his house

1 Samuel 28:3
HEB: וּשְׁמוּאֵ֣ל מֵ֔ת וַיִּסְפְּדוּ־ לוֹ֙ כָּל־
NAS: Israel had lamented him and buried
KJV: and all Israel had lamented him, and buried
INT: now Samuel was dead had lamented and all Israel

2 Samuel 1:12
HEB: וַֽיִּסְפְּדוּ֙ וַיִּבְכּ֔וּ וַיָּצֻ֖מוּ
NAS: They mourned and wept and fasted
KJV: And they mourned, and wept, and fasted
INT: mourned and wept and fasted

2 Samuel 3:31
HEB: וְחִגְר֣וּ שַׂקִּ֔ים וְסִפְד֖וּ לִפְנֵ֣י אַבְנֵ֑ר
NAS: on sackcloth and lament before
KJV: you with sackcloth, and mourn before
INT: and gird sackcloth and lament before Abner

2 Samuel 11:26
HEB: אוּרִיָּ֣ה אִישָׁ֑הּ וַתִּסְפֹּ֖ד עַל־ בַּעְלָֽהּ׃
NAS: was dead, she mourned for her husband.
KJV: was dead, she mourned for her husband.
INT: Uriah her husband mourned for her husband

1 Kings 13:29
HEB: הַנָּבִ֣יא הַזָּקֵ֔ן לִסְפֹּ֖ד וּלְקָבְרֽוֹ׃
NAS: prophet to mourn and to bury
KJV: to the city, to mourn and to bury
INT: prophet of the old to mourn bury

1 Kings 13:30
HEB: נִבְלָת֖וֹ בְּקִבְר֑וֹ וַיִּסְפְּד֥וּ עָלָ֖יו ה֥וֹי
NAS: in his own grave, and they mourned over
KJV: in his own grave; and they mourned over him, [saying], Alas,
INT: his body grave mourned over him Alas

1 Kings 14:13
HEB: וְסָֽפְדוּ־ ל֤וֹ כָל־
NAS: Israel shall mourn for him and bury
KJV: And all Israel shall mourn for him, and bury
INT: shall mourn All Israel

1 Kings 14:18
HEB: וַיִּקְבְּר֥וּ אֹת֛וֹ וַיִּסְפְּדוּ־ ל֖וֹ כָּל־
NAS: buried him and mourned for him, according to the word
KJV: him; and all Israel mourned for him, according to the word
INT: buried and mourned All Israel

Ecclesiastes 3:4
HEB: לִשְׂח֔וֹק עֵ֥ת סְפ֖וֹד וְעֵ֥ת רְקֽוֹד׃
NAS: A time to mourn and a time
KJV: a time to mourn, and a time
INT: to laugh A time to mourn time to dance

Ecclesiastes 12:5
HEB: וְסָבְב֥וּ בַשּׁ֖וּק הַסֹּפְדִֽים׃
NAS: home while mourners go about
KJV: home, and the mourners go about
INT: go the street mourners

Isaiah 32:12
HEB: עַל־ שָׁדַ֖יִם סֹֽפְדִ֑ים עַל־ שְׂדֵי־
NAS: Beat your breasts for the pleasant
KJV: They shall lament for the teats,
INT: and your breasts Beat and fields

Jeremiah 4:8
HEB: חִגְר֥וּ שַׂקִּ֖ים סִפְד֣וּ וְהֵילִ֑ילוּ כִּ֥י
NAS: on sackcloth, Lament and wail;
KJV: you with sackcloth, lament and howl:
INT: put sackcloth Lament and wail for

Jeremiah 16:4
HEB: יָמֻ֗תוּ לֹ֤א יִסָּֽפְדוּ֙ וְלֹ֣א יִקָּבֵ֔רוּ
NAS: diseases, they will not be lamented or buried;
KJV: deaths; they shall not be lamented; neither shall they be buried;
INT: will die not will not be lamented or buried

Jeremiah 16:5
HEB: וְאַל־ תֵּלֵ֣ךְ לִסְפּ֔וֹד וְאַל־ תָּנֹ֖ד
NAS: or go to lament or to console
KJV: neither go to lament nor bemoan
INT: not go to lament not to console

Jeremiah 16:6
HEB: יִקָּבֵ֑רוּ וְלֹֽא־ יִסְפְּד֣וּ לָהֶ֔ם וְלֹ֣א
NAS: they will not be buried, they will not be lamented, nor
KJV: they shall not be buried, neither shall [men] lament for them, nor cut
INT: will not be buried nor will not be lamented like nor

Jeremiah 22:18
HEB: יְהוּדָ֔ה לֹא־ יִסְפְּד֣וּ ל֔וֹ ה֥וֹי
NAS: of Judah, They will not lament for him: 'Alas,
KJV: of Judah; They shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah
INT: of Judah They will not lament Alas my brother

Jeremiah 22:18
HEB: אָח֑וֹת לֹא־ יִסְפְּד֣וּ ל֔וֹ ה֥וֹי
NAS: sister!' They will not lament for him: 'Alas
KJV: sister! they shall not lament for him, [saying], Ah
INT: sister They will not lament Alas lord

Jeremiah 25:33
HEB: הָאָ֑רֶץ לֹ֣א יִסָּפְד֗וּ וְלֹ֤א יֵאָֽסְפוּ֙
NAS: to the other. They will not be lamented, gathered
KJV: of the earth: they shall not be lamented, neither gathered,
INT: of the earth not will not be lamented not gathered

Jeremiah 34:5
HEB: וְה֥וֹי אָד֖וֹן יִסְפְּדוּ־ לָ֑ךְ כִּֽי־
NAS: they will burn [spices] for you; and they will lament for you, Alas,
KJV: thee, so shall they burn [odours] for thee; and they will lament thee, [saying], Ah
INT: Alas lord will lament for the word

Jeremiah 49:3
HEB: חֲגֹ֣רְנָה שַׂקִּ֔ים סְפֹ֕דְנָה וְהִתְשׁוֹטַ֖טְנָה בַּגְּדֵר֑וֹת
NAS: with sackcloth and lament, And rush back and forth
KJV: you with sackcloth; lament, and run to and fro
INT: Gird sackcloth and lament and rush the walls

Ezekiel 24:16
HEB: בְּמַגֵּפָ֑ה וְלֹ֤א תִסְפֹּד֙ וְלֹ֣א תִבְכֶּ֔ה
NAS: with a blow; but you shall not mourn and you shall not weep,
KJV: with a stroke: yet neither shalt thou mourn nor weep,
INT: A blow shall not mourn shall not weep

Ezekiel 24:23
HEB: בְּרַגְלֵיכֶ֔ם לֹ֥א תִסְפְּד֖וּ וְלֹ֣א תִבְכּ֑וּ
NAS: on your feet. You will not mourn and you will not weep,
KJV: upon your feet: ye shall not mourn nor weep;
INT: your feet You will not mourn and you will not weep

32 Occurrences

5593
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