3637. kalam
Strong's Concordance
kalam: to be humiliated
Original Word: כָּלָם
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: kalam
Phonetic Spelling: (kaw-lawm')
Short Definition: humiliated
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be humiliated
NASB Translation
ashamed (6), bear her shame (1), blush (2), brought us to dishonor (1), confounded (1), disgraced (1), dishonored (7), embarrassed (1), feel ashamed (1), feel humiliated (1), humiliated (10), humiliates (2), humiliating (1), insult (1), insulted (3), rebuke (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
[כָּלַם] verb only

Niph`al, Hoph`al be humiliated,

Hiph`il humiliate (Late Hebrew Hiph`il, id.; Aramaic כְּלַם Aph`el, Ithpe`el; Arabic is wound; also speak to, converse with); —

Niph`al Perfect2feminine singular וְנִכְלַמְתְּ consecutive Jeremiah 22:22 2t.; 1 singular נִכְלַמְתִּי Jeremiah 31:19; Ezra 9:6, נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי Isaiah 50:7; 3plural נִכְלְמוּ Isaiah 45:16 2t.; Imperfect3feminine singular תִּכָּלֵם Numbers 12:14; 2feminine singular תִּכָּֽלְמִי Isaiah 54:4; 3masculine plural יִכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 41:11 5t.; 2 masculine plural תִּכָּֽלְמוּ Isaiah 45:17; Imperative masculine plural הִכָּֽלְמוּ Ezekiel 36:32; Infinitive construct הִכָּלֵם Jeremiah 3:3; Jeremiah 8:12; Participle נִכְלָם Psalm 74:21; masculine plural נִכְלָמִים 2 Samuel 10:5 2t.; feminine plural נִכְלָמוֺת Ezekiel 16:27>; — be humiliated, ashamed, put to shame, dishonoured, confounded:

1 be humiliated, ashamed, before men Numbers 12:14 (E), 2 Samuel 10:5 = 1 Chronicles 19:5; 2 Samuel 19:4, compare Psalm 74:21; before enemies (by defeat, etc.) Isaiah 45:17 ("" בושׁ), Isaiah 50:7; Isaiah 54:4 ("" בושׁ, חפר); before God, followed by לְ infinitive, וְנִכְלַמְתִּי אֱלֹהַי לְהָרִים מָּנַי אֵלֶיךָ Ezra 9:6 ("" בושׁ); Jeremiah 3:3; Ezekiel 16:27,54 ("" נָשָׂא כְלִמָּה), Ezekiel 43:10,11 (all + מִן causative) Ezekiel 16:61, so probably Levites, at Hezekiah's reforms 2Chronicles 30:5.

2 be put to shame, dishonoured, confounded, by judgments of ׳י, all "" בושׁ: Jeremiah 22:22 (מִן of cause), Ezekiel 36:32 (id.), Jeremiah 31:19 (כִּי of cause), Jeremiah 8:12; Isaiah 41:11; Isaiah 45:16 (+ הָלַךְ בַּכְּלִמָּה), Psalm 35:4; Psalm 69:7; + חפר Psalm 40:15; Psalm 70:3.

Hiph`il Perfect3masculine singular suffix הִכְּלִמוֺ 1 Samuel 20:34; 3masculine plural suffix הֶכְלַמְנוּם (Ges§ 53, 3 R. 6) 1 Samuel 25:7; Imperfect יַכְלִים Proverbs 28:7; 2masculine singular suffix וַתַּכְלִימֵנוּ Psalm 44:10; 2masculine plural suffix תַּכְלִימוּנִי Job 19:3, מֿוּהָ Ruth 2:15; Infinitive construct הַכְלִים Jeremiah 6:15; Proverbs 25:8; Participle מַכְלִים Judges 18:7 (but see below), מַכְלִם Job 11:3; —

1 put to shame = insult, humiliate, with accusative 1 Samuel 20:34; 1 Samuel 25:7 (compare Hoph`al 1 Samuel 25:15) Ruth 2:15; Job 19:3; humiliate by rebuke Job 11:3; humiliate by defeat Proverbs 25:8; Psalm 44:10; cause shame to Proverbs 28:7; — Judges 18:7 is corrupt (see Be VB GFM; Be proposes מַחְסוֺר כלדֿבר there was no lack of anything, for ᵑ0 ׳מַכְלִים ד; GFM conjectures מְכַלֵּא מִדָּבָר there is no one to restrain (us) from anything in the land).

2 exhibit shame Jeremiah 6:15 ("" בוֺשׁ).

Hoph`al Perfect

11plural לֹא הָכְלַמְנוּ 1 Samuel 25:15 we were not insulted, humiliated (compare Hiph`il 1).

23plural חָכְלְמוּ Jeremiah 14:3 they were put to shame, dishonoured, confounded ("" בושׁ).

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
be make ashamed, blush, be confounded, be put to confusion, hurt, reproach

A primitive root; properly, to wound; but only figuratively, to taunt or insult -- be (make) ashamed, blush, be confounded, be put to confusion, hurt, reproach, (do, put to) shame.

Forms and Transliterations
בְּהַכְלִ֖ים בהכלים הִכְלִמ֖וֹ הִכָּלֵֽם׃ הֶכְלַמְנ֗וּם הַכְלִים֙ הַנִּכְלָמ֖וֹת הַנִּכְלָמִ֔ים הָכְלַ֙מְנוּ֙ הכלים הכלם׃ הכלמו הכלמנו הכלמנום הנכלמות הנכלמים וְהִכָּלְמ֛וּ וְהִכָּלֵם֙ וְהָכְלְמ֖וּ וְיִכָּ֣לְמ֔וּ וְיִכָּלְמ֑וּ וְיִכָּלְמ֖וּ וְיִכָּלְמוּ֮ וְנִכְלַ֔מְתְּ וְנִכְלַ֔מְתִּי וְנִכְלַ֕מְתְּ וְנִכְלַמְתְּ֒ וַתַּכְלִימֵ֑נוּ והכלם והכלמו ויכלמו ונכלמת ונכלמתי ותכלימנו יִכָּ֣לְמוּ יַכְלִ֥ים יכלים יכלמו מַכְלִ֨ים מַכְלִֽם׃ מכלים מכלם׃ נִכְלְמ֖וּ נִכְלְמ֞וּ נִכְלְמוּ֙ נִכְלַ֔מְתִּי נִכְלָ֑ם נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי נִכְלָמִ֣ים נכלם נכלמו נכלמים נכלמתי תִּכָּלְמִ֖י תִכָּלְמ֖וּ תִכָּלֵ֖ם תַּכְלִימ֑וּנִי תַכְלִימֽוּהָ׃ תכלימוה׃ תכלימוני תכלם תכלמו תכלמי bə·haḵ·lîm behachLim bəhaḵlîm hā·ḵə·lam·nū hacheLamnu hachLim haḵ·lîm hāḵəlamnū haḵlîm han·niḵ·lā·mîm han·niḵ·lā·mō·wṯ hannichlaMim hannichlaMot hanniḵlāmîm hanniḵlāmōwṯ hechlamNum heḵ·lam·nūm heḵlamnūm hichliMo hik·kā·lêm hiḵ·li·mōw hikkaLem hikkālêm hiḵlimōw machLim maḵ·lim maḵ·lîm maḵlim maḵlîm nichLam nichLameti nichlaMim nichLamti nichleMu niḵ·lā·mə·tî niḵ·lā·mîm niḵ·lām niḵ·lam·tî niḵ·lə·mū niḵlām niḵlāmətî niḵlāmîm niḵlamtî niḵləmū tachliMuha tachliMuni ṯaḵ·lî·mū·hā taḵ·lî·mū·nî ṯaḵlîmūhā taḵlîmūnî tik·kā·lə·mî ṯik·kā·lə·mū ṯik·kā·lêm tikkaLem ṯikkālêm tikkāləmî ṯikkāləmū tikkalMi tikkalMu vattachliMenu vehacheleMu vehikkaLem vehikkalMu venichLamt venichLamti veyikkalMu wat·taḵ·lî·mê·nū wattaḵlîmênū wə·hā·ḵə·lə·mū wə·hik·kā·lə·mū wə·hik·kā·lêm wə·niḵ·lam·tî wə·niḵ·lamt wə·yik·kā·lə·mū wəhāḵələmū wəhikkālêm wəhikkāləmū wəniḵlamt wəniḵlamtî wəyikkāləmū yachLim yaḵ·lîm yaḵlîm yik·kā·lə·mū yikkāləmū yikKalmu
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Strong's Hebrew 3637
38 Occurrences


bə·haḵ·lîm — 1 Occ.
hā·ḵə·lam·nū — 1 Occ.
haḵ·lîm — 1 Occ.
han·niḵ·lā·mîm — 1 Occ.
han·niḵ·lā·mō·wṯ — 1 Occ.
heḵ·lam·nūm — 1 Occ.
hiḵ·li·mōw — 1 Occ.
hik·kā·lêm — 1 Occ.
maḵ·lîm — 2 Occ.
niḵ·lām — 1 Occ.
niḵ·lā·mə·tî — 1 Occ.
niḵ·lā·mîm — 2 Occ.
niḵ·lam·tî — 1 Occ.
niḵ·lə·mū — 3 Occ.
ṯaḵ·lî·mū·hā — 1 Occ.
taḵ·lî·mū·nî — 1 Occ.
ṯik·kā·lêm — 1 Occ.
tik·kā·lə·mî — 1 Occ.
ṯik·kā·lə·mū — 1 Occ.
wat·taḵ·lî·mê·nū — 1 Occ.
wə·hā·ḵə·lə·mū — 1 Occ.
wə·hik·kā·lêm — 1 Occ.
wə·hik·kā·lə·mū — 1 Occ.
wə·niḵ·lamt — 3 Occ.
wə·niḵ·lam·tî — 1 Occ.
wə·yik·kā·lə·mū — 5 Occ.
yaḵ·lîm — 1 Occ.
yik·kā·lə·mū — 1 Occ.

Numbers 12:14
HEB: בְּפָנֶ֔יהָ הֲלֹ֥א תִכָּלֵ֖ם שִׁבְעַ֣ת יָמִ֑ים
NAS: in her face, would she not bear her shame for seven
KJV: in her face, should she not be ashamed seven
INT: her face not bear seven days

Judges 18:7
HEB: וּבֹטֵ֗חַ וְאֵין־ מַכְלִ֨ים דָּבָ֤ר בָּאָ֙רֶץ֙
NAS: ruler humiliating [them] for anything
KJV: in the land, that might put [them] to shame in [any] thing;
INT: and secure there humiliating anything the land

Ruth 2:15
HEB: תְּלַקֵּ֖ט וְלֹ֥א תַכְלִימֽוּהָ׃
NAS: the sheaves, and do not insult her.
KJV: even among the sheaves, and reproach her not:
INT: her glean not insult

1 Samuel 20:34
HEB: דָּוִ֔ד כִּ֥י הִכְלִמ֖וֹ אָבִֽיו׃ ס
NAS: because his father had dishonored him.
KJV: because his father had done him shame.
INT: David because had dishonored his father

1 Samuel 25:7
HEB: עִמָּ֔נוּ לֹ֣א הֶכְלַמְנ֗וּם וְלֹֽא־ נִפְקַ֤ד
NAS: have been with us and we have not insulted them, nor
KJV: now thy shepherds which were with us, we hurt them not, neither was there ought
INT: them nor insulted nor missed

1 Samuel 25:15
HEB: מְאֹ֑ד וְלֹ֤א הָכְלַ֙מְנוּ֙ וְלֹֽא־ פָקַ֣דְנוּ
NAS: good to us, and we were not insulted, nor
KJV: good unto us, and we were not hurt, neither missed
INT: were very nor insulted nor miss

2 Samuel 10:5
HEB: הָי֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים נִכְלָמִ֣ים מְאֹ֑ד וַיֹּ֤אמֶר
NAS: were greatly humiliated. And the king
KJV: were greatly ashamed: and the king
INT: become the men humiliated were greatly said

2 Samuel 19:3
HEB: יִתְגַּנֵּ֗ב הָעָם֙ הַנִּכְלָמִ֔ים בְּנוּסָ֖ם בַּמִּלְחָמָֽה׃
NAS: as people who are humiliated steal away
KJV: as people being ashamed steal away
INT: steal people are humiliated flee battle

1 Chronicles 19:5
HEB: הָי֥וּ הָאֲנָשִׁ֖ים נִכְלָמִ֣ים מְאֹ֑ד וַיֹּ֤אמֶר
NAS: were greatly humiliated. And the king
KJV: were greatly ashamed. And the king
INT: become the men humiliated were greatly said

2 Chronicles 30:15
HEB: וְהַכֹּהֲנִ֨ים וְהַלְוִיִּ֤ם נִכְלְמוּ֙ וַיִּֽתְקַדְּשׁ֔וּ וַיָּבִ֥יאוּ
NAS: and Levites were ashamed of themselves, and consecrated
KJV: and the Levites were ashamed, and sanctified
INT: and the priests and Levites were ashamed and consecrated and brought

Ezra 9:6
HEB: אֱלֹהַי֙ בֹּ֣שְׁתִּי וְנִכְלַ֔מְתִּי לְהָרִ֧ים אֱלֹהַ֛י
NAS: I am ashamed and embarrassed to lift
KJV: I am ashamed and blush to lift up
INT: my God I am ashamed and embarrassed to lift my God

Job 11:3
HEB: וַ֝תִּלְעַ֗ג וְאֵ֣ין מַכְלִֽם׃
NAS: And shall you scoff and none rebuke?
KJV: and when thou mockest, shall no man make thee ashamed?
INT: mockest and none ashamed

Job 19:3
HEB: עֶ֣שֶׂר פְּ֭עָמִים תַּכְלִימ֑וּנִי לֹֽא־ תֵ֝בֹ֗שׁוּ
NAS: times you have insulted me; You are not ashamed
KJV: times have ye reproached me: ye are not ashamed
INT: ten times have insulted are not ashamed

Psalm 35:4
HEB: יֵבֹ֣שׁוּ וְיִכָּלְמוּ֮ מְבַקְשֵׁ֪י נַ֫פְשִׁ֥י
NAS: Let those be ashamed and dishonored who seek
KJV: Let them be confounded and put to shame that seek
INT: those be ashamed and dishonored seek my life

Psalm 40:14
HEB: יִסֹּ֣גוּ אָ֭חוֹר וְיִכָּלְמ֑וּ חֲ֝פֵצֵ֗י רָעָתִֽי׃
NAS: Let those be ashamed and humiliated together
KJV: backward and put to shame that wish
INT: those be turned back and humiliated Who evil

Psalm 44:9
HEB: אַף־ זָ֭נַחְתָּ וַתַּכְלִימֵ֑נוּ וְלֹא־ תֵ֝צֵ֗א
NAS: You have rejected [us] and brought us to dishonor, And do not go
KJV: thou hast cast off, and put us to shame; and goest not forth
INT: Yet have rejected and brought not go

Psalm 69:6
HEB: צְבָ֫א֥וֹת אַל־ יִכָּ֣לְמוּ בִ֣י מְבַקְשֶׁ֑יךָ
NAS: May those who seek You not be dishonored through me, O God
KJV: for my sake: let not those that seek thee be confounded for my sake, O God
INT: of hosts nay be dishonored seek God

Psalm 70:2
HEB: יִסֹּ֣גוּ אָ֭חוֹר וְיִכָּלְמ֑וּ חֲ֝פֵצֵ֗י רָעָתִֽי׃
NAS: back and dishonored Who delight
KJV: backward, and put to confusion, that desire
INT: those be turned back and dishonored delight my hurt

Psalm 74:21
HEB: יָשֹׁ֣ב דַּ֣ךְ נִכְלָ֑ם עָנִ֥י וְ֝אֶבְי֗וֹן
NAS: return dishonored; Let the afflicted
KJV: return ashamed: let the poor
INT: return the oppressed dishonored the afflicted and needy

Proverbs 25:8
HEB: תַּ֭עֲשֶׂה בְּאַחֲרִיתָ֑הּ בְּהַכְלִ֖ים אֹתְךָ֣ רֵעֶֽךָ׃
NAS: When your neighbor humiliates you?
KJV: thereof, when thy neighbour hath put thee to shame.
INT: do the end humiliates your neighbor

Proverbs 28:7
HEB: וְרֹעֶה זֽ֝וֹלְלִ֗ים יַכְלִ֥ים אָבִֽיו׃
NAS: of gluttons humiliates his father.
KJV: of riotous [men] shameth his father.
INT: companion of gluttons humiliates his father

Isaiah 41:11
HEB: הֵ֤ן יֵבֹ֙שׁוּ֙ וְיִכָּ֣לְמ֔וּ כֹּ֖ל הַנֶּחֱרִ֣ים
NAS: at you will be shamed and dishonored; Those who
KJV: against thee shall be ashamed and confounded: they shall be as nothing; and they
INT: Behold will be shamed and dishonored all are angered

Isaiah 45:16
HEB: בּ֥וֹשׁוּ וְגַֽם־ נִכְלְמ֖וּ כֻּלָּ֑ם יַחְדָּו֙
NAS: and even humiliated, all
KJV: They shall be ashamed, and also confounded, all of them: they shall go
INT: will be put and even humiliated all together

Isaiah 45:17
HEB: תֵבֹ֥שׁוּ וְלֹא־ תִכָּלְמ֖וּ עַד־ ע֥וֹלְמֵי
NAS: You will not be put to shame or humiliated To all
KJV: ye shall not be ashamed nor confounded world
INT: will not be put or humiliated against eternity

Isaiah 50:7
HEB: כֵּ֖ן לֹ֣א נִכְלָ֑מְתִּי עַל־ כֵּ֞ן
NAS: Me, Therefore, I am not disgraced; Therefore,
KJV: will help me; therefore shall I not be confounded: therefore have I set
INT: after that I am not disgraced and after that

38 Occurrences

3636
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