340. ayab
Strong's Concordance
ayab: to be hostile to
Original Word: אָיַב
Part of Speech: Verb
Transliteration: ayab
Phonetic Spelling: (aw-yab')
Short Definition: enemies
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
a prim. root
Definition
to be hostile to
NASB Translation
enemies (196), enemies' (2), enemy (79), enemy to your enemies (1), enemy's (1), foes (2).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
[אָיַב]283 verb be hostile to (Assyrian aibu (see Dlw), enemy = אֹיֵב) —

Qal Perfect וְאָיַבְתִּ֫י Exodus 23:22; Participle אוֺיֵב (אֹיֵב) Exodus 15:6 +; suffix (אוֺיְבִי)אֹיְבִי) 2 Samuel 22:18 = Psalm 18:18 +; feminine suffix אֹיַבְתִּי Micah 7:8,10; אֹיִבְךָ Exodus 23:4 +, etc.; plural אֹויְבִים Psalm 68:24; Psalm 127:5; אֹיְבִים Psalm 139:22, etc.; — be hostile to, treat as enemy Exodus 23:22 (E, Cov't code) וְאָיַבְתִּ֫י אֶתאֹֿיְבֶיךָ וְצַרְתִּ֫י אֶתצֹֿרְרֶיךָ (subject ׳י); elsewhere Participle 1 Samuel 18:29 וַיְהִי שָׁאוּל אֹיֵב אֶתדָּֿוִד; usually as substantive & mostly suffix; enemy, of personal foe Exodus 23:4 (E "" שׂנֵא Exodus 23:5) Numbers 35:23 (P) 1 Samuel 19:17 (compare 1 Samuel 18:29) 1 Samuel 24:5; 1 Samuel 24:20; 2 Samuel 4:8; 1 Kings 21:20; Job 27:7; Psalm 54:9; Psalm 55:13 ("" מְשַׂנֵּא; opposed to אַלּוּף, מְיֻדָּע Psalm 55:14) Micah 2:8; Proverbs 16:7; Proverbs 24:17 +; in simile Jeremiah 30:14 (מַכַּת אוֺיֵב); of public national enemy, singular Judges 16:23,24; collective Exodus 15:6,9; Deuteronomy 33:27; Nahum 3:11; 2Chronicles 6:24 +; personified Micah 7:8,10; more often plural Exodus 23:22 (E) Leviticus 26:7 f (H) Numbers 10:9 (P) Deuteronomy 1:42; Deuteronomy 6:19; Jeremiah 15:9; Jeremiah 34:20,21 +; of enemies of God, as protector of his people Numbers 10:35 (J) Judges 5:31; 1 Samuel 30:26; 2 Samuel 18:19; Psalm 66:3; Psalm 68:1; Psalm 68:22; Nahum 1:2,8; Isaiah 66:6 +; as morally supreme Job 13:24; Job 33:10; Psalm 37:20; Psalm 92:10 (twice in verse) +; of God as enemy of rebellious people Isaiah 63:10, in simile Lamentations 2:4,5.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
be an enemy

A primitive root; to hate (as one of an opposite tribe or party); hence to be hostile -- be an enemy.

Forms and Transliterations
אֹ֣יְבֶ֔יךָ איביך ’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā ’ōyəḇeḵā oyeVeicha
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 340
1 Occurrence


’ō·yə·ḇe·ḵā — 1 Occ.

Exodus 23:22
HEB: וְאָֽיַבְתִּי֙ אֶת־ אֹ֣יְבֶ֔יךָ וְצַרְתִּ֖י אֶת־
NAS: that I say, then I will be an enemy to your enemies and an adversary
KJV: all that I speak; then I will be an enemy unto thine enemies,
INT: say enemies will be an enemy and an adversary to your adversaries

1 Occurrence

339
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