2600. chinnam
Strong's Concordance
chinnam: out of favor
Original Word: חִנָּם
Part of Speech: Adverb
Transliteration: chinnam
Phonetic Spelling: (khin-nawm')
Short Definition: cause
NAS Exhaustive Concordance
Word Origin
from chanan
Definition
out of favor
NASB Translation
free (1), nothing (4), useless (1), uselessly (1), vain (2), which cost (1), which cost me nothing (1), which costs (1), which costs me nothing (1), without a cause (2), without cause (17), without pay (1), without payment (1).

Brown-Driver-Briggs
חִנָּם substantive, used chiefly in the accusative as

adverb (compare Assyrian annáma, in vain, DlK 7, Pr 44; from הֵּן, with aff. םָ֯, which is sometimes found in substantives proper, as סֻלָּם, and proper names, but is more particularly used with substantives applied adverbially, as יוֺמָם אָמְנָם, דּוּמָם, רֵיקָם: Sta§ 203 BaNB § 216) — literally out of favour; i.e.

a. gratis, gratuitously, for nothing, עָבַד חִנָּם to serve for nought Genesis 29:15; Job 1:9; Isaiah 52:3 to be sold (figurative) for nought Isaiah 52:5; Exodus 21:2,11 יָצָא חִנָּם to go out(from slavery) freely, for nothing, Numbers 11:5 which we used to eat in Egyptian for nought, Jeremiah 22:13; 1 Chronicles 21:24; in the Genitive 2 Samuel 24:24 עֹלוֺת חִנָּם i.e. burnt-offerings which cost nothing (in the "" 1 Chronicles 21:24 the construction is changed).

b. for no purpose, in vain Proverbs 1:17; Malachi 1:10: once אֶל חִנָּם (compare אֶל 7) Ezekiel 6:10.

c. gratuitously, without cause, undeservedly, especially of groundless hostility or attack, 1 Samuel 19:5 לְהָמִית חִנָּם to slay David without cause, 1 Samuel 25:31; Psalm 35:7 (twice in verse); Psalm 109:3; Psalm 119:161 רְדָפוּנִי חִנָּם, Proverbs 1:11; Proverbs 3:30; Proverbs 23:29; Job 2:3 ׳לְבַלְּעוֺ ח Job 9:17; Job 22:6; Ezekiel 14:23; Psalm 35:19; and Psalm 69:5 שׂנְאַי חִנָּם my haters without cause, Lamentations 3:52 אֹיְבַי חִנָּם; in the Genitive 1 Kings 2:31 דְּמֵי חִנָּם blood shed without cause (compare 1 Samuel 25:31), Proverbs 24:28 ׳אֲלתְּֿהִי עֵד ח בְּרֵעֶ֑ךָ, Proverbs 26:2 ׳קִלְלַת ח the causeless curse.

Strong's Exhaustive Concordance
without a cost, free, causeless, to cost nothing, freely, innocent, in vain

From chen; gratis, i.e. Devoid of cost, reason or advantage -- without a cause (cost, wages), causeless, to cost nothing, free(-ly), innocent, for nothing (nought, in vain.

see HEBREW chen

Forms and Transliterations
הַֽחִנָּ֔ם החנם חִ֝נָּ֗ם חִ֫נָּ֥ם חִ֭נָּם חִנָּ֑ם חִנָּ֔ם חִנָּ֖ם חִנָּ֗ם חִנָּ֣ם חִנָּ֤ם חִנָּֽם׃ חִנָּם֙ חנם חנם׃ chinNam Chinnom ha·ḥin·nām hachinNam haḥinnām ḥin·nām ḥinnām
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Englishman's Concordance
Strong's Hebrew 2600
32 Occurrences


ḥin·nām — 30 Occ.
ḥin·nām — 1 Occ.
ha·ḥin·nām — 1 Occ.

Genesis 29:15
HEB: אַ֔תָּה וַעֲבַדְתַּ֖נִי חִנָּ֑ם הַגִּ֥ידָה לִּ֖י
NAS: should you therefore serve me for nothing? Tell
KJV: shouldest thou therefore serve me for nought? tell
INT: you serve free bewray what

Exodus 21:2
HEB: יֵצֵ֥א לַֽחָפְשִׁ֖י חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: out as a free man without payment.
KJV: he shall go out free for nothing.
INT: shall go A free without

Exodus 21:11
HEB: לָ֑הּ וְיָצְאָ֥ה חִנָּ֖ם אֵ֥ין כָּֽסֶף׃
NAS: [things] for her, then she shall go out for nothing, without
KJV: unto her, then shall she go out free without money.
INT: do shall go nothing without money

Numbers 11:5
HEB: נֹאכַ֥ל בְּמִצְרַ֖יִם חִנָּ֑ם אֵ֣ת הַקִּשֻּׁאִ֗ים
NAS: we used to eat free in Egypt,
KJV: in Egypt freely; the cucumbers,
INT: to eat Egypt free the cucumbers and the melons

1 Samuel 19:5
HEB: אֶת־ דָּוִ֖ד חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: David to death without a cause?
KJV: to slay David without a cause?
INT: putting David without

1 Samuel 25:31
HEB: וְלִשְׁפָּךְ־ דָּם֙ חִנָּ֔ם וּלְהוֹשִׁ֥יעַ אֲדֹנִ֖י
NAS: blood without cause and by my lord
KJV: blood causeless, or that my lord
INT: shed blood without avenged my lord

2 Samuel 24:24
HEB: אֱלֹהַ֖י עֹל֣וֹת חִנָּ֑ם וַיִּ֨קֶן דָּוִ֤ד
NAS: my God which cost me nothing. So David
KJV: my God of that which doth cost me nothing. So David
INT: my God burnt which bought David

1 Kings 2:31
HEB: וַהֲסִירֹ֣תָ ׀ דְּמֵ֣י חִנָּ֗ם אֲשֶׁר֙ שָׁפַ֣ךְ
NAS: Joab shed without cause.
KJV: him; that thou mayest take away the innocent blood,
INT: you may remove the blood without which shed

1 Chronicles 21:24
HEB: וְהַעֲל֥וֹת עוֹלָ֖ה חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: a burnt offering which costs me nothing.
KJV: burnt offerings without cost.
INT: offer A burnt which

Job 1:9
HEB: יְהוָ֖ה וַיֹּאמַ֑ר הַֽחִנָּ֔ם יָרֵ֥א אִיּ֖וֹב
NAS: fear God for nothing?
KJV: fear God for nought?
INT: the LORD and said free fear Job

Job 2:3
HEB: ב֖וֹ לְבַלְּע֥וֹ חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: Me against him to ruin him without cause.
KJV: me against him, to destroy him without cause.
INT: incited to ruin without

Job 9:17
HEB: וְהִרְבָּ֖ה פְצָעַ֣י חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: my wounds without cause.
KJV: my wounds without cause.
INT: and multiplies my wounds without

Job 22:6
HEB: תַחְבֹּ֣ל אַחֶ֣יךָ חִנָּ֑ם וּבִגְדֵ֖י עֲרוּמִּ֣ים
NAS: of your brothers without cause, And stripped
KJV: from thy brother for nought, and stripped
INT: have taken of your brothers without of their clothing naked

Psalm 35:7
HEB: כִּֽי־ חִנָּ֣ם טָֽמְנוּ־ לִ֭י
NAS: For without cause they hid
KJV: For without cause have they hid
INT: For without hid A pit

Psalm 35:7
HEB: שַׁ֣חַת רִשְׁתָּ֑ם חִ֝נָּ֗ם חָפְר֥וּ לְנַפְשִֽׁי׃
NAS: For without cause they hid their net
KJV: [in] a pit, [which] without cause they have digged
INT: A pit their net cause dug my soul

Psalm 35:19
HEB: שֶׁ֑קֶר שֹׂנְאַ֥י חִ֝נָּ֗ם יִקְרְצוּ־ עָֽיִן׃
NAS: over me; Nor let those who hate me without cause wink maliciously.
KJV: that hate me without a cause.
INT: are wrongfully hate without wink the eye

Psalm 69:4
HEB: רֹאשִׁי֮ שֹׂנְאַ֪י חִ֫נָּ֥ם עָצְמ֣וּ מַ֭צְמִיתַי
NAS: Those who hate me without a cause are more
KJV: They that hate me without a cause are more
INT: of my head hate without are powerful destroy

Psalm 109:3
HEB: סְבָב֑וּנִי וַיִּֽלָּחֲמ֥וּנִי חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: And fought against me without cause.
KJV: and fought against me without a cause.
INT: surrounded and fought without

Psalm 119:161
HEB: שָׂ֭רִים רְדָפ֣וּנִי חִנָּ֑ם [וּמִדְּבָרֶיךָ כ]
NAS: persecute me without cause, But my heart
KJV: have persecuted me without a cause: but my heart
INT: Princes persecute without act stands

Proverbs 1:11
HEB: נִצְפְּנָ֖ה לְנָקִ֣י חִנָּֽם׃
NAS: the innocent without cause;
KJV: privily for the innocent without cause:
INT: ambush the innocent without

Proverbs 1:17
HEB: כִּֽי־ חִ֭נָּם מְזֹרָ֣ה הָרָ֑שֶׁת
NAS: Indeed, it is useless to spread
KJV: Surely in vain the net is spread
INT: Indeed is useless to spread the net

Proverbs 3:30
HEB: עִם־ אָדָ֣ם חִנָּ֑ם אִם־ לֹ֖א
NAS: with a man without cause, If
KJV: not with a man without cause, if he have done
INT: with A man without If no

Proverbs 23:29
HEB: לְ֭מִי פְּצָעִ֣ים חִנָּ֑ם לְ֝מִ֗י חַכְלִל֥וּת
NAS: has wounds without cause? Who
KJV: who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness
INT: Who has wounds without Who has redness

Proverbs 24:28
HEB: תְּהִ֣י עֵד־ חִנָּ֣ם בְּרֵעֶ֑ךָ וַ֝הֲפִתִּ֗יתָ
NAS: against your neighbor without cause, And do not deceive
KJV: against thy neighbour without cause; and deceive
INT: not be a witness without your neighbor deceive

Proverbs 26:2
HEB: כֵּ֥ן קִֽלְלַ֥ת חִ֝נָּ֗ם [לֹא כ]
NAS: a curse without cause does not alight.
KJV: so the curse causeless shall not come.
INT: So A curse without not alight

32 Occurrences

2599
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