Genesis 31:48
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New International Version
Laban said, "This heap is a witness between you and me today." That is why it was called Galeed.

New Living Translation
Then Laban declared, "This pile of stones will stand as a witness to remind us of the covenant we have made today." This explains why it was called Galeed--"Witness Pile."

English Standard Version
Laban said, “This heap is a witness between you and me today.” Therefore he named it Galeed,

New American Standard Bible
Laban said, "This heap is a witness between you and me this day." Therefore it was named Galeed,

King James Bible
And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Laban said, "This mound is a witness between you and me today." Therefore the place was called Galeed

International Standard Version
Then Laban said, "This stack will serve as a witness between you and me today." That's how the place came to be named Galeed.

NET Bible
Laban said, "This pile of stones is a witness of our agreement today." That is why it was called Galeed.

New Heart English Bible
Laban said, "This heap is witness between me and you this day." Therefore it was named Galeed

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Laban said, "This pile of stones stands as a witness between you and me today." This is why it was named Galeed

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Laban said: 'This heap is witness between me and thee this day.' Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

New American Standard 1977
And Laban said, “This heap is a witness between you and me this day.” Therefore it was named Galeed;

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

King James 2000 Bible
And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and you this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

American King James Version
And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and you this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

American Standard Version
And Laban said, This heap is witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed:

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Laban said: This heap shall be a witness between me and thee this day, and therefore the name thereof was called Galaad, that is, The witness heap.

Darby Bible Translation
And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed,

English Revised Version
And Laban said, This heap is witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed:

Webster's Bible Translation
And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed:

World English Bible
Laban said, "This heap is witness between me and you this day." Therefore it was named Galeed

Young's Literal Translation
And Laban saith, 'This heap is witness between me and thee to-day;' therefore hath he called its name Galeed;
Study Bible
Jacob's Covenant with Laban
47Now Laban called it Jegar-sahadutha, but Jacob called it Galeed. 48Laban said, "This heap is a witness between you and me this day." Therefore it was named Galeed, 49and Mizpah, for he said, "May the LORD watch between you and me when we are absent one from the other.…
Cross References
Genesis 21:30
He said, "You shall take these seven ewe lambs from my hand so that it may be a witness to me, that I dug this well."

Joshua 22:27
rather it shall be a witness between us and you and between our generations after us, that we are to perform the service of the LORD before Him with our burnt offerings, and with our sacrifices and with our peace offerings, so that your sons will not say to our sons in time to come, "You have no portion in the LORD."'

Joshua 24:27
Joshua said to all the people, "Behold, this stone shall be for a witness against us, for it has heard all the words of the LORD which He spoke to us; thus it shall be for a witness against you, so that you do not deny your God."
Treasury of Scripture

And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and you this day. Therefore was the name of it called Galeed;

This heap.

Joshua 24:27 And Joshua said to all the people, Behold, this stone shall be a …

Galeed. or, Gilead.

Genesis 31:23 And he took his brothers with him, and pursued after him seven days' …

Deuteronomy 2:36 From Aroer, which is by the brink of the river of Arnon, and from …

Deuteronomy 3:16 And to the Reubenites and to the Gadites I gave from Gilead even …

Joshua 13:8,9 With whom the Reubenites and the Gadites have received their inheritance, …

Verses 48-50. - And Laban said, This heap is a witness between me and thee this day. The historian adding - Therefore was the name of it called (originally by Jacob, and afterwards by the Israelites from this transaction) Galeed (vide on ver. 21). The stony character of the regon may have suggested the designation. And Mizpah; - watchtower from Tsaphah, to watch. Mizpah afterwards became the site of a town in the district of Gilead (Judges 10:17; Judges 11:11, 19, 34); which received its name, as the historian intimates, from the pile of witness erected by Laban and his kinsmen, and was later celebrated as the residence of Jephthah (Judges 11:34) and the seat of the sanctuary (Judges 11:11). Ewald supposes that the mound (Galeed) and the watch tower (Mispah) were different objects, and that the meaning of the (so-called) legend is that, while the former (the mountain) was riled up by Jacob and his people, the latter (now the city and fortress of Mizpah on one of the heights of Gilead) was constructed by Laban and his followers (vide 'History of Israel,' vol. 1. p. 347); but the "grotesqusnesa" of this interpretation of the Hebrew story is its best refutation - for he (i.e. Laban) said, The Lord - Jehovah; a proof that vers. 49, 50 are a Jehovistic interpolation (Tuch, Bleek, Colenso, Kalisch); an indication of their being a subsequent insertion, though not warranting the inference that the entire history is a complication (Keil); a sign that henceforth Laban regarded Jehovah as the representative of his rights (Lange); but probably only a token that Laban, recognizing Jehovah as the only name that would bind the conscience of Jacob (Hengstenberg, Quarry), had for the moment adopted Jacob's theology ('Speaker's Commentary'), but only in self-defense (Wordsworth) - watch between me and thee, when we are absent one from another - literally, a man from his companion. If thou shalt afflict my daughters, or if thou shalt take other wives beside my daughters (Laban's concern for his daughters, though hitherto not conspicuous, may, in the hour of parting from them, have been real: his language shows that he was not quite at ease as to Jacob's integrity. Perhaps the remembrance that he had been the cause of Jacob's taking two wives made him anxious to secure that Jacob should not improve upon his evil instructions), no man is with us; - either then they stood apart from Laban's clan followers (Inglis); or his meaning was that when widely separated there would be no one to judge betwixt them, or perhaps even to observe them (Rosenmüller), but - see, God (Elohim in contrast to man) is witness betwixt me and thee. Vers 51-53. - And Laban said to Jacob, - according to Ewald the last narrator has transposed the names of Laban and Jacob (vide 'History of Israel,' vol. 1. p. 346) - Behold this heap, and behold this pillar, which I have cast (same word as in ver. 45. The Arabic version and Samaritan text read yaritha, thou hast erected, instead of yarithi, I have erected or cast up) betwixt me and thee; this heap be witness, and this pillar be witness, that (literally, if, here = that) I will not pass over this heap to thee, and that thou shalt not pass over this heap and this pillar (Laban bound himself never to pass over the heap which he had erected as his witness; whereas Jacob was required to swear that he would never cross the pillar and the pile, both of which were witnesses for him) unto me, for harm. The emphatic word closes the sentence. The God of Abraham, and the God of Nahor, the God of their father, judge - the verb is plural, either because Laban regarded the Elohim of Nahor as different from the Elohim of Abraham (Rosenmüller, Keil, Kalisch, Wordsworth, 'Speaker's Commentary'), or because, though acknowledging only one Elohim, he viewed him as maintaining several and distinct relations to the persons named (cf. Quarry, p. 499) - betwixt us. Laban here invokes his own hereditary Elohim, the Elohim of Abraham's father, to guard his rights and interests under the newly-formed covenant; while Jacob in his adjuration appeals to the Elohim of Abraham's son. And Jacob sware by the fear of his father Isaac (vide supra, ver. 42). And Laban said, this heap is a witness between me and thee this day. A witness of the covenant now about to be made between them that day, and a witness against them should they break it:

therefore was the name of it called Galeed; by Jacob, as before observed; See Gill on Genesis 31:47. 31:43-55 Laban could neither justify himself nor condemn Jacob, therefore desires to hear no more of that matter. He is not willing to own himself in fault, as he ought to have done. But he proposes a covenant of friendship between them, to which Jacob readily agrees. A heap of stones was raised, to keep up the memory of the event, writing being then not known or little used. A sacrifice of peace offerings was offered. Peace with God puts true comfort into our peace with our friends. They did eat bread together, partaking of the feast upon the sacrifice. In ancient times covenants of friendship were ratified by the parties eating and drinking together. God is judge between contending parties, and he will judge righteously; whoever do wrong, it is at their peril. They gave a new name to the place, The heap of witness. After this angry parley, they part friends. God is often better to us than our fears, and overrules the spirits of men in our favour, beyond what we could have expected; for it is not in vain to trust in him.
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