Exodus 21:24
Parallel Verses
New International Version
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

New Living Translation
an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a foot,

English Standard Version
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

New American Standard Bible
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

King James Bible
Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

International Standard Version
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

NET Bible
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth, a hand for a hand, a foot for a foot,

Jubilee Bible 2000
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

King James 2000 Bible
Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

American King James Version
Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

American Standard Version
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Darby Bible Translation
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

English Revised Version
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Webster's Bible Translation
Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

World English Bible
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

Young's Literal Translation
eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,
Parallel Commentaries
Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary

21:22-36 The cases here mentioned give rules of justice then, and still in use, for deciding similar matters. We are taught by these laws, that we must be very careful to do no wrong, either directly or indirectly. If we have done wrong, we must be very willing to make it good, and be desirous that nobody may lose by us.

Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible

Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot. This is "lex talionis", the law of retaliation, and from whence the Heathens had theirs; but whether this is to be taken strictly and literally, or only for pecuniary mulcts, is a question; Josephus (d) understands it in the former sense, the Jewish writers generally in the latter; and so the Targum of Jonathan paraphrases it;"the price of an eye for an eye, &c.''Jarchi on the place observes, that,"he that puts out his neighbour's eye must pay him the price of his eye, according to the price of a servant sold in the market, and so of all the rest; for not taking away of members strictly is meant, as our doctors here interpret it;''in a place he refers to, and to which Aben Ezra agrees; and of the difference and dispute between the Jews concerning this matter; see Gill on Matthew 5:38 and indeed, though these laws of retaliation should, according to the letter of them, be attended to as far as they can; yet, in some cases, it seems necessary that they should not be strictly attended to, but some recompence made in another way, and nothing seems more agreeable than a pecuniary one: thus, for instance, this law cannot be literally executed, when one that has never an eye puts out the eye of another, as it is possible that a blind man may; or one that has no teeth may strike out the tooth of another; in such cases eye cannot be given for eye, nor tooth for tooth; and, as Saadiah Gaon (e) observes, if a man should smite the eye of his neighbour, and the third part of the sight of his eye should depart, how will he order it to strike such a stroke as that, without adding or lessening? and if a man that has but one eye, or one hand, or one foot, should damage another man in those parts, and must lose his other eye, or hand, or foot, he would be in a worse case and condition than the man he injured; since he would still have one eye, or hand, or foot; wherefore a like law of Charondas among the Thurians is complained of, since it might be the case, that a man with one eye might have that struck out, and so be utterly deprived of sight; whereas the man that struck it out, though he loses one for it, yet has another, and so not deprived of sight utterly, and therefore thought not to be sufficiently punished; and that it was most correct that he should have both his eyes put out for it: and hence Diodorus Siculus (f) reports of a one-eyed man who lost his eye, that he complained of this law to the people, and advised to have it altered: this "lex talionis" was among the Roman laws of the "twelve tables" (g).

(d) Antiqu. l. 4. c. 33. 35. (e) Apud Aben Ezram in loc. (f) Bibliothec. l. 12. par. 2. p. 82, 83. (g) A. Gell. Noct. Attic. l. 20. c. 1.



Exodus 21:24 Additional Commentaries
Context
Personal Injury Laws
23"But if there is any further injury, then you shall appoint as a penalty life for life, 24eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot, 25burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.…
Cross References
Matthew 5:38
"You have heard that it was said, 'Eye for eye, and tooth for tooth.'

Exodus 21:25
burn for burn, wound for wound, bruise for bruise.

Leviticus 24:20
fracture for fracture, eye for eye, tooth for tooth. The one who has inflicted the injury must suffer the same injury.

Deuteronomy 19:21
Show no pity: life for life, eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot.
Treasury of Scripture

Eye for eye, tooth for tooth, hand for hand, foot for foot,

This is the earliest account we have of the Lex Talionis, law of like for like.

Exodus 21:26,27 And if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, …

Leviticus 24:19,20 And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbor; as he has done, so …

Deuteronomy 19:21 And your eye shall not pity; but life shall go for life, eye for …

Judges 1:6,7 But Adonibezek fled; and they pursued after him, and caught him, …

1 Samuel 15:33 And Samuel said, As the sword has made women childless, so shall …

Matthew 5:38-40 You have heard that it has been said, An eye for an eye, and a tooth …

Matthew 7:2 For with what judgment you judge, you shall be judged: and with what …

Luke 6:38 Give, and it shall be given to you; good measure, pressed down, and …

Revelation 16:6 For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and you have …

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