Titus 2:14
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works.

King James Bible
Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

American Standard Version
who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a people for his own possession, zealous of good works.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and might cleanse to himself a people acceptable, a pursuer of good works.

English Revised Version
who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a people for his own possession, zealous of good works.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify to himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Weymouth New Testament
who gave Himself for us to purchase our freedom from all iniquity, and purify for Himself a people who should be specially His own, zealous for doing good works.

Titus 2:14 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Gave himself for us (ἔδωκεν ἑαυτὸν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν)

See on 1 Timothy 2:6, and comp. Galatians 1:4. Ὑπὲρ on behalf of; not instead of.

Might redeem (λυτρώσηται)

Only here, Luke 24:21; 1 Peter 1:18. See on 1 Timothy 2:6. Neither λύτρον ransom, λύτρωσις redemption, nor λυτρωτής redeemer occur in Paul. He has the figure of purchase (ἀγοράζεσθαι, ἐξαγοράζεσθαι), 1 Corinthians 6:20; 1 Corinthians 7:23; Galatians 3:13; Galatians 4:5. Comp. Revelation 5:9; Revelation 14:3, Revelation 14:4; 2 Peter 2:1.

Iniquity (ἀνομίας)

Only here in Pastorals. Lit. lawlessness. See on 1 John 3:4.

Might purify (καθαρίσῃ)

In Pastorals only here. Mostly in Synoptic Gospels and Hebrews. In Paul, 2 Corinthians 7:1; Ephesians 5:26. oClass. Often in lxx.

A peculiar people (λαὸν περιούσιον)

Λαός people only here in Pastorals. In Paul ten times, always in citations. Most frequently in Luke and Acts; often in Hebrews and Revelation. Περιούσιος N.T.o. A few times in lxx, always with λαός. See Exodus 19:5; Exodus 23:22; Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 14:2; Deuteronomy 26:18. The phrase was originally applied to the people of Israel, but is transferred here to believers in the Messiah - Jews and Gentiles. Comp. 1 Peter 2:10. Περιούσιος is from the participle of περιεῖναι to be over and above: hence περιουσία abundance, plenty. Περιούσιος also means possessed over and above, that is, specially selected for one's own; exempt from ordinary laws of distribution. Hence correctly represented by peculiar, derived from peculium, a private purse, a special acquisition of a member of a family distinct from the property administered for the good of the whole family. Accordingly the sense is given in Ephesians 1:14, where believers are said to have been sealed εἰς ἀπολύτρωσιν τῆς περιποιήσεως with a view to redemption of possession, or redemption which will give possession, thus equals acquisition. So 1 Peter 2:9, where Christians are styled λαὸς εἰς περιποίησιν a people for acquisition, to be acquired by God as his peculiar possession. Comp. 1 Thessalonians 5:9; 2 Thessalonians 2:14, and περιποιεῖσθαι to acquire, Acts 20:28. The phrase καθαρίζειν λαὸν to purify the people, in lxx, Nehemiah 12:30; Judith 16:18.

Zealous (ζηλωτὴν)

Lit. a zealot. Comp. Acts 21:20; Acts 22:3; 1 Peter 3:13. Only here in Pastorals. In Paul, 1 Corinthians 14:12; Galatians 1:14. For the word as a title, see on the Canaanite, Matthew 10:4, and see on Mark 3:18.

Authority (ἐπιταγῆς)

See on 1 Timothy 1:1.

continued...

Titus 2:14 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gave.

Matthew 20:28 Even as the Son of man came not to be ministered to, but to minister, and to give his life a ransom for many.

John 6:51 I am the living bread which came down from heaven: if any man eat of this bread, he shall live for ever...

John 10:15 As the Father knows me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.

Galatians 1:4 Who gave himself for our sins, that he might deliver us from this present evil world, according to the will of God and our Father:

Galatians 2:20 I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ lives in me...

Galatians 3:13 Christ has redeemed us from the curse of the law, being made a curse for us: for it is written...

Ephesians 5:2,23-27 And walk in love, as Christ also has loved us...

1 Timothy 1:15 This is a faithful saying, and worthy of all acceptation, that Christ Jesus came into the world to save sinners; of whom I am chief.

1 Timothy 2:6 Who gave himself a ransom for all, to be testified in due time.

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God...

1 Peter 3:18 For Christ also has once suffered for sins, the just for the unjust, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh...

Revelation 1:5 And from Jesus Christ, who is the faithful witness, and the first begotten of the dead, and the prince of the kings of the earth...

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for you were slain...

that.

Genesis 48:16 The Angel which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them...

Psalm 130:8 And he shall redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

Ezekiel 36:25 Then will I sprinkle clean water on you, and you shall be clean: from all your filthiness, and from all your idols, will I cleanse you.

Matthew 1:21 And she shall bring forth a son, and you shall call his name JESUS: for he shall save his people from their sins.

Romans 11:26,27 And so all Israel shall be saved: as it is written, There shall come out of Sion the Deliverer...

purify.

Malachi 3:3 And he shall sit as a refiner and purifier of silver: and he shall purify the sons of Levi, and purge them as gold and silver...

Matthew 3:12 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner...

Acts 15:9 And put no difference between us and them, purifying their hearts by faith.

Hebrews 9:14 How much more shall the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without spot to God...

James 4:8 Draw near to God, and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners; and purify your hearts, you double minded.

1 Peter 1:22 Seeing you have purified your souls in obeying the truth through the Spirit to unfeigned love of the brothers...

1 John 3:2 Beloved, now are we the sons of God, and it does not yet appear what we shall be: but we know that, when he shall appear...

unto.

Acts 15:14 Simeon has declared how God at the first did visit the Gentiles, to take out of them a people for his name.

Romans 14:7,8 For none of us lives to himself, and no man dies to himself...

2 Corinthians 5:14,15 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead...

peculiar.

Exodus 15:16 Fear and dread shall fall on them; by the greatness of your arm they shall be as still as a stone; till your people pass over, O LORD...

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, then you shall be a peculiar treasure to me above all people...

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God has chosen you to be a special people to himself...

Deuteronomy 14:2 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a peculiar people to himself...

Deuteronomy 26:18 And the LORD has avouched you this day to be his peculiar people, as he has promised you...

Psalm 135:4 For the LORD has chosen Jacob to himself, and Israel for his peculiar treasure.

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, a peculiar people...

zealous.

Titus 2:7 In all things showing yourself a pattern of good works: in doctrine showing soundness, gravity, sincerity,

Titus 3:8 This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that you affirm constantly...

Numbers 25:13 And he shall have it, and his seed after him, even the covenant of an everlasting priesthood; because he was zealous for his God...

Acts 9:36 Now there was at Joppa a certain disciple named Tabitha, which by interpretation is called Dorcas...

Ephesians 2:10 For we are his workmanship, created in Christ Jesus to good works, which God has before ordained that we should walk in them.

1 Timothy 2:10 But (which becomes women professing godliness) with good works.

1 Timothy 6:18 That they do good, that they be rich in good works, ready to distribute, willing to communicate;

Hebrews 10:24 And let us consider one another to provoke to love and to good works:

1 Peter 2:12 Having your conversation honest among the Gentiles: that, whereas they speak against you as evildoers, they may by your good works...

Cross References
Exodus 15:16
Terror and dread fall upon them; because of the greatness of your arm, they are still as a stone, till your people, O LORD, pass by, till the people pass by whom you have purchased.

Exodus 19:5
Now therefore, if you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant, you shall be my treasured possession among all peoples, for all the earth is mine;

Deuteronomy 4:20
But the LORD has taken you and brought you out of the iron furnace, out of Egypt, to be a people of his own inheritance, as you are this day.

Deuteronomy 7:6
"For you are a people holy to the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 14:2
For you are a people holy to the LORD your God, and the LORD has chosen you to be a people for his treasured possession, out of all the peoples who are on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 26:18
And the LORD has declared today that you are a people for his treasured possession, as he has promised you, and that you are to keep all his commandments,

Psalm 130:8
And he will redeem Israel from all his iniquities.

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