Romans 9:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
in order to make known the riches of his glory for vessels of mercy, which he has prepared beforehand for glory—

King James Bible
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had afore prepared unto glory,

American Standard Version
and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,

Douay-Rheims Bible
That he might shew the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he hath prepared unto glory?

English Revised Version
and that he might make known the riches of his glory upon vessels of mercy, which he afore prepared unto glory,

Webster's Bible Translation
And that he might make known the riches of his glory on the vessels of mercy, which he had before prepared for glory,

Weymouth New Testament
in order to make known His infinite goodness towards the subjects of His mercy whom He has prepared beforehand for glory,

Romans 9:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

And that He might make known

The connection is variously explained. Some make and that dependent on He endured: "If, willing to show His wrath.... God endured... and also that." Others make that dependent on fitted: "Vessels fitted to destruction and also that He might make known," etc. Godet supplies He called from Romans 9:24 : "And called that He might make known," etc. The difficulty is resolved by the omission of καὶ and. So Westcott and Hort, on the single authority of B. See Rev., in margin.

His glory

See on Romans 3:23. Godet thinks the phrase was suggested by Moses' request, "Show me thy glory," Exodus 33:18.

Afore prepared (προητοίμασεν)

Only here and Ephesians 2:10. The studied difference in the use of this term instead of καταρτίζω to fit (Romans 9:22), cannot be overlooked. The verb is not equivalent to foreordained (προορίζω). Fitted, by the adjustment of parts, emphasizes the concurrence of all the elements of the case to the final result. Prepared is more general. In the former case the result is indicated; in the latter, the previousness. Note before prepared, while before is wanting in Romans 9:22. In this passage the direct agency of God is distinctly stated; in the other the agency is left indefinite. Here a single act is indicated; there a process. The simple verb ἑτοιμάζω often indicates, as Meyer remarks, to constitute qualitatively; i.e., to arrange with reference to the reciprocal quality of the thing prepared, and that for which it is prepared. See Luke 1:17; John 14:2; 1 Corinthians 2:9; 2 Timothy 2:21. "Ah, truly," says Reuss, "if the last word of the christian revelation is contained in the image of the potter and the clay, it is a bitter derision of all the deep needs and legitimate desires of a soul aspiring toward its God. This would be at once a satire of reason upon herself and the suicide of revelation. But it is neither the last word nor the only word; nor has it any immediate observable bearing on the concrete development of our lives. It is not the only word, because, in nine-tenths of Scripture, it is as wholly excluded from the sphere of revelation as though it had been never revealed at all; and it is not the last word, because, throughout the whole of Scripture, and nowhere more than in the writings of the very apostle who has faced this problem with the most heroic inflexibility, we see bright glimpses of something beyond. How little we were intended to draw logical conclusions from the metaphor, is shown by the fact that we are living souls, not dead clay; and St. Paul elsewhere recognized a power, both within and without our beings, by which, as by an omnipotent alchemy, mean vessels can become precious, and vessels of earthenware be transmuted into vessels of gold" (Farrar). See note at end of ch. 11.

Romans 9:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

might.

Romans 2:4 Or despise you the riches of his goodness and forbearance and long-suffering...

Romans 5:20,21 Moreover the law entered, that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace did much more abound...

Ephesians 1:6-8,18 To the praise of the glory of his grace, wherein he has made us accepted in the beloved...

Ephesians 2:4,7,10 But God, who is rich in mercy, for his great love with which he loved us...

Ephesians 3:8,16 To me, who am less than the least of all saints, is this grace given...

Colossians 1:27 To whom God would make known what is the riches of the glory of this mystery among the Gentiles; which is Christ in you...

2 Thessalonians 1:10-12 When he shall come to be glorified in his saints...

he had afore.

1 Chronicles 29:18 O LORD God of Abraham, Isaac, and of Israel, our fathers...

Luke 1:17 And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias, to turn the hearts of the fathers to the children...

Ephesians 2:3-5 Among whom also we all had our conversation in times past in the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind...

Colossians 1:12 Giving thanks to the Father, which has made us meet to be partakers of the inheritance of the saints in light:

1 Thessalonians 5:9 For God has not appointed us to wrath, but to obtain salvation by our Lord Jesus Christ,

2 Thessalonians 2:13,14 But we are bound to give thanks always to God for you, brothers beloved of the Lord...

2 Timothy 2:21 If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel to honor, sanctified, and meet for the master's use...

Titus 3:3-7 For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy...

1 Peter 1:2-5 Elect according to the foreknowledge of God the Father, through sanctification of the Spirit...

Cross References
Acts 9:15
But the Lord said to him, "Go, for he is a chosen instrument of mine to carry my name before the Gentiles and kings and the children of Israel.

Romans 2:4
Or do you presume on the riches of his kindness and forbearance and patience, not knowing that God's kindness is meant to lead you to repentance?

Romans 8:29
For those whom he foreknew he also predestined to be conformed to the image of his Son, in order that he might be the firstborn among many brothers.

Romans 8:30
And those whom he predestined he also called, and those whom he called he also justified, and those whom he justified he also glorified.

Ephesians 3:16
that according to the riches of his glory he may grant you to be strengthened with power through his Spirit in your inner being,

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