Revelation 2:8
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: ‘The words of the first and the last, who died and came to life.

King James Bible
And unto the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and is alive;

American Standard Version
And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write: These things saith the first and the last, who was dead, and lived again :

Douay-Rheims Bible
And to the angel of the church of Smyrna write: These things saith the First and the Last, who was dead, and is alive:

English Revised Version
And to the angel of the church in Smyrna write; These things saith the first and the last, which was dead, and lived again:

Webster's Bible Translation
And to the angel of the church in Smyrna, write; These things saith the first and the last, who was dead, and is alive;

Weymouth New Testament
"To the minister of the Church at Smyrna write as follows: "'This is what the First and the Last says--He who died and has returned to life.

Revelation 2:8 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Smyrna

Lying a little north of Ephesus, on a gulf of the same name. The original city was destroyed about b.c. 627, and was deserted and in ruins for four hundred years. Alexander the Great contemplated its restoration, and his design was carried out after his death. The new city was built a short distance south of the ancient one, and became the finest in Asia Minor, being known as the glory of Asia. It was one of the cities which claimed the honor of being Homer's birthplace. A splendid temple was erected by the Smyrnaeans to his memory, and a cave in the neighborhood of the city was shown where he was said to have composed his poems. Smyrna's fine harbor made it a commercial center; but it was also distinguished for its schools of rhetoric and philosophy. Polycarp was the first bishop of its church, which suffered much from persecution, and he was said to have suffered martyrdom in the stadium of the city, a.d. 166. It is argued with some plausibility that Polycarp was bishop of Smyrna at the time of the composition of Revelation, and was the person addressed here. This question, however, is bound up with that of the date of composition (see Trench, "Epistles to the Seven Churches"). The city was a seat of the worship of Cybele the Mother of the gods, and of Dionysus or Bacchus.

Was dead (ἐγένετο νεκρὸς)

Lit., became dead.

Is alive (ἔζησεν)

Lit., lived. Rev., properly, lived again; the word being used of restoration to life. See, for a similar usage, Matthew 9:18; John 5:25.

Revelation 2:8 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the angel. See on ver.

Revelation 2:1 To the angel of the church of Ephesus write; These things said he that holds the seven stars in his right hand...

the first.

Revelation 1:8,11,17,18 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, said the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty...

Cross References
Isaiah 44:6
Thus says the LORD, the King of Israel and his Redeemer, the LORD of hosts: "I am the first and I am the last; besides me there is no god.

Isaiah 48:12
"Listen to me, O Jacob, and Israel, whom I called! I am he; I am the first, and I am the last.

Romans 14:9
For to this end Christ died and lived again, that he might be Lord both of the dead and of the living.

Revelation 1:11
saying, "Write what you see in a book and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus and to Smyrna and to Pergamum and to Thyatira and to Sardis and to Philadelphia and to Laodicea."

Revelation 1:17
When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he laid his right hand on me, saying, "Fear not, I am the first and the last,

Revelation 1:18
and the living one. I died, and behold I am alive forevermore, and I have the keys of Death and Hades.

Revelation 22:13
I am the Alpha and the Omega, the first and the last, the beginning and the end."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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