|English Standard Version (© 2001)|
I will crush his foes before him and strike down those who hate him.
King James Bible
And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.
American Standard Version
And I will beat down his adversaries before him, And smite them that hate him.
Young's Literal Translation
And I have beaten down before him his adversaries, And those hating him I plague,
Psalm 89:23 Additional TranslationsKeil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament
What is promised in Psalm 89:26 is a world-wide dominion, not merely dominion within the compass promised in the primeval times (Genesis 15:18; 2 Chronicles 9:26), in which case it ought to have been said ובנהר (of the Euphrates). Nor does the promise, however, sound so definite and boundless here as in Psalm 72:8, but it is indefinite and universal, without any need for our asking what rivers are intended by נהרות. נתן יד בּ, like שׁלח (in Isaiah 11:14, of a giving and taking possession. With אף־אני (with retreated tone, as in Psalm 119:63, Psalm 119:125) God tells with what He will answer David's filial love. Him who is the latest-born among the sons of Jesse, God makes the first-born (בּכור from בּכר, to be early, opp. לקשׁ, to be late, vid., Job 2:1-13 :21), and therefore the most favoured of the "sons of the Most High," Psalm 82:6. And as, according to Deuteronomy 28:1, Israel is to be high (עליון) above all nations of the earth, so David, Israel's king, in whom Israel's national glory realizes itself, is made as the high one (עליון) with respect to the kings, i.e., above the kings, of the earth. In the person of David his seed is included; and it is that position of honour which, after having been only prelusively realized in David and Solomon, must go on being fulfilled in his seed exactly as the promise runs. The covenant with David is, according to Psalm 89:29, one that shall stand for ever. David is therefore, as Psalm 89:30 affirms, eternal in his seed; God will make David's seed and throne לעד, into eternal, i.e., into such as will abide for ever, like the days of heaven, everlasting. This description of eternal duration is, as also in Sir. 45:15, Bar. 1:11, Taken from Deuteronomy 11:21; the whole of Psalm 89:30 is a poetic reproduction of 2 Samuel 7:16.
Psalm 89:23 Parallel CommentariesAdversaries Afflict Beat Beaten Blows Broken Crush Crushed Face Foes Hate Haters Hating Pieces Plague Smite StrikeAdversaries Afflict Beat Beaten Blows Broken Crush Crushed Face Foes Hate Haters Hating Pieces Plague Smite StrikeThe ESV® Bible (The Holy Bible, English Standard Version®) copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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2 Samuel 7:9 And I have been with you wherever you went and have cut off all your enemies from before you. And I will make for you a great name, like the name of the great ones of the earth.
2 Samuel 7:10 And I will appoint a place for my people Israel and will plant them, so that they may dwell in their own place and be disturbed no more. And violent men shall afflict them no more, as formerly,
Psalm 2:9 You shall break them with a rod of iron and dash them in pieces like a potter's vessel."
Psalm 18:40 You made my enemies turn their backs to me, and those who hated me I destroyed.