Psalm 19:7
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The law of the LORD is perfect, reviving the soul; the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple;

King James Bible
The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

American Standard Version
The law of Jehovah is perfect, restoring the soul: The testimony of Jehovah is sure, making wise the simple.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The law of the Lord is unspotted, converting souls: the testimony of the Lord is faithful, giving wisdom to little ones.

English Revised Version
The law of the LORD is perfect, restoring the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Webster's Bible Translation
The law of the LORD is perfect, converting the soul: the testimony of the LORD is sure, making wise the simple.

Psalm 19:7 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

(Heb.: 19:2-4) The heavens, i.e., the superterrestrial spheres, which, so far as human vision is concerned, are lost in infinite space, declare how glorious is God, and indeed אל, as the Almighty; and what His hands have made, i.e., what He has produced with a superior power to which everything is possible, the firmament, i.e., vault of heaven stretched out far and wide and as a transparency above the earth (Graeco-Veneta τάμα equals ἔκταμα, from רקע, root רק, to stretch, τείνειν), distinctly expresses. The sky and firmament are not conceived of as conscious beings which the middle ages, in dependence upon Aristotle (vid., Maimonides, More Nebuchim ii. 5), believed could be proved fro this passage, cf. Nehemiah 9:6; Job 38:7. Moreover, Scripture knows nothing of the "music of the spheres" of the Pythagoreans. What is meant is, as the old expositors correctly say, objectivum vocis non articulatae praeconium. The doxa, which God has conferred upon the creature as the reflection of His own, is reflected back from it, and given back to God as it were in acknowledgment of its origin. The idea of perpetuity, which lies even in the participle, is expanded in Psalm 19:3. The words of this discourse of praise are carried forward in an uninterrupted line of transmission. הבּיע (fr. נבע, Arab. nb‛, root נב, to gush forth, nearly allied to which, however, is also the root בע, to spring up) points to the rich fulness with which, as from an inexhaustible spring, the testimony passes on from one day to the next. The parallel word חוּה is an unpictorial, but poetic, word that is more Aramaic than Hebrew ( equals הגּיד). אמשׁ also belongs to the more elevated style; the γνωστὸν τοῦ Θεοῦ deposited in the creature, although not reflected, is here called דּעת. The poet does not say that the tidings proclaimed by the day, if they gradually die away as the day declines, are taken up by the night, and the tidings of the night by the day; but (since the knowledge proclaimed by the day concerns the visible works of God by day, and that proclaimed by the night, His works by night), that each dawning day continues the speech of that which has declined, and each approaching night takes up the tale of that which has passed away (Psychol. S. 347, tr. p. 408). If Psalm 19:4 were to be rendered "there is no speech and there are no words, their voice is inaudible," i.e., they are silent, speechless witnesses, uttering no sound, but yet speaking aloud (Hengst.), only inwardly audible but yet intelligible everywhere (Then.): then, Psalm 19:5 ought at least to begin with a Waw adversativum, and, moreover, the poet would then needlessly check his fervour, producing a tame thought and one that interrupts the flow of the hymn. To take Psalm 19:4 as a circumstantial clause to Psalm 19:5, and made to precede it, as Ewald does, "without loud speech...their sound has resounded through all the earth" (341, d), is impossible, even apart from the fact of אמר not meaning "Loud speech" and קוּם hardly "their sound." Psalm 19:4 is in the form of an independent sentence, and there is nothing whatever in it to betray any designed subordination to Psalm 19:5. But if it be made independent in the sense "there is no loud, no articulate speech, no audible voice, which proceeds from the heavens," then Psalm 19:5 would form an antithesis to it; and this, in like manner, there is nothing to indicate, and it would at least require that the verb יצא should be placed first. Luther's rendering is better: There is no language nor speech, where their voice is not heard, i.e., as Calvin also renders it, the testimony of the heavens to God is understood by the peoples of every language and tongue. But this ought to be אין לשׁון or אין שׂפה ro אין (Genesis 11:1). Hofmann's rendering is similar, but more untenable: "There is no speech and there are no words, that their cry is not heard, i.e., the language of the heavens goes forth side by side with all other languages; and men may discourse ever so, still the speech or sound of the heavens is heard therewith, it sounds above them all." But the words are not בּלי נשׁמע (after the analogy of Genesis 31:20), or rather בּלי ישּׁמע (as in Job 41:8; Hosea 8:7). בּלי with the part. is a poetical expression for the Alpha privat. (2 Samuel 1:21), consequently כלי נשׁמע is "unheard" or "inaudible," and the opposite of נשׁמע, audible, Jeremiah 31:15. Thus, therefore, the only rendering that remains is that of the lxx., Vitringa, and Hitzig: There is no language and no words, whose voice is unheard, i.e., inaudible. Hupfeld's assertion that this rendering destroys the parallelism is unfounded. The structure of the distich resembles Psalm 139:4. The discourse of the heavens and the firmament, of the day (of the sky by day) and of the night (of the sky by night), is not a discourse uttered in a corner, it is a discourse in speech that is everywhere audible, and in words that are understood by all, a φανερόν, Romans 1:19.

Psalm 19:7 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

law or doctrine

Psalm 78:1-7 Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth...

Psalm 119:72,96-100,105,127,128 The law of your mouth is better to me than thousands of gold and silver...

Psalm 147:19,20 He shows his word to Jacob, his statutes and his judgments to Israel...

Deuteronomy 6:6-9 And these words, which I command you this day, shall be in your heart...

Deuteronomy 17:18-20 And it shall be, when he sits on the throne of his kingdom...

Joshua 1:8 This book of the law shall not depart out of your mouth; but you shall meditate therein day and night...

Job 23:12 Neither have I gone back from the commandment of his lips; I have esteemed the words of his mouth more than my necessary food.

Romans 3:2 Much every way: chiefly, because that to them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 15:4 For whatever things were written aforetime were written for our learning...

perfect

Psalm 18:30 As for God, his way is perfect: the word of the LORD is tried: he is a buckler to all those that trust in him.

Psalm 11:7 For the righteous LORD loves righteousness; his countenance does behold the upright.

Deuteronomy 32:4 He is the Rock, his work is perfect: for all his ways are judgment: a God of truth and without iniquity, just and right is he.

Romans 12:2 And be not conformed to this world: but be you transformed by the renewing of your mind, that you may prove what is that good...

James 1:17 Every good gift and every perfect gift is from above, and comes down from the Father of lights, with whom is no ficklenss...

converting. or, restoring

Psalm 23:3 He restores my soul: he leads me in the paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

Psalm 119:9 Wherewithal shall a young man cleanse his way? by taking heed thereto according to your word.

James 1:21-25 Why lay apart all filthiness and superfluity of naughtiness, and receive with meekness the engrafted word...

testimony

Psalm 93:5 Your testimonies are very sure: holiness becomes your house, O LORD, for ever.

Psalm 119:14,24,111,152 I have rejoiced in the way of your testimonies, as much as in all riches...

Isaiah 8:16,20 Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples...

John 3:32,33 And what he has seen and heard, that he testifies; and no man receives his testimony...

John 5:39 Search the scriptures; for in them you think you have eternal life: and they are they which testify of me.

Acts 10:43 To him give all the prophets witness, that through his name whoever believes in him shall receive remission of sins.

2 Timothy 1:8 Be not you therefore ashamed of the testimony of our Lord, nor of me his prisoner...

1 John 5:9-12 If we receive the witness of men, the witness of God is greater: for this is the witness of God which he has testified of his Son...

Revelation 19:10 And I fell at his feet to worship him. And he said to me, See you do it not: I am your fellow servant...

sure

Psalm 111:7 The works of his hands are verity and judgment; all his commandments are sure.

2 Samuel 23:5 Although my house be not so with God; yet he has made with me an everlasting covenant, ordered in all things, and sure...

2 Timothy 2:19 Nevertheless the foundation of God stands sure, having this seal, The Lord knows them that are his. And...

Hebrews 6:18,19 That by two immutable things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation...

making

Psalm 119:130 The entrance of your words gives light; it gives understanding to the simple.

Proverbs 1:4,22,23 To give subtlety to the simple, to the young man knowledge and discretion...

Colossians 3:16 Let the word of Christ dwell in you richly in all wisdom; teaching and admonishing one another in psalms and hymns and spiritual songs...

2 Timothy 3:15-17 And that from a child you have known the holy scriptures...

Cross References
Deuteronomy 4:6
Keep them and do them, for that will be your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples, who, when they hear all these statutes, will say, 'Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.'

Nehemiah 9:13
You came down on Mount Sinai and spoke with them from heaven and gave them right rules and true laws, good statutes and commandments,

Psalm 18:30
This God--his way is perfect; the word of the LORD proves true; he is a shield for all those who take refuge in him.

Psalm 23:3
He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

Psalm 78:5
He established a testimony in Jacob and appointed a law in Israel, which he commanded our fathers to teach to their children,

Psalm 93:5
Your decrees are very trustworthy; holiness befits your house, O LORD, forevermore.

Psalm 111:7
The works of his hands are faithful and just; all his precepts are trustworthy;

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