Psalm 143:10
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Teach me to do your will, for you are my God! Let your good Spirit lead me on level ground!

King James Bible
Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.

American Standard Version
Teach me to do thy will; For thou art my God: Thy Spirit is good; Lead me in the land of uprightness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
teach me to do thy will, for thou art my God. Thy good spirit shall lead me into the right land:

English Revised Version
Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me in the land of uprightness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Teach me to do thy will; for thou art my God: thy spirit is good; lead me into the land of uprightness.

Psalm 143:10 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The poet pleads two motives for the answering of his prayer which are to be found in God Himself, viz., God's אמוּנה, truthfulness, with which He verifies the truth of His promises, that is to say, His faithfulness to His promises; and His צדקה, righteousness, not in a recompensative legal sense, but in an evangelical sense, in accordance with His counsel, i.e., the strictness and earnestness with which He maintains the order of salvation established by His holy love, both against the ungratefully disobedient and against those who insolently despise Him. Having entered into this order of salvation, and within the sphere of it serving Jahve as his God and Lord, the poet is the servant of Jahve. And because the conduct of the God of salvation, ruled by this order of salvation, or His "righteousness" according to its fundamental manifestation, consists in His justifying the sinful man who has no righteousness that he can show corresponding to the divine holiness, but penitently confesses this disorganized relationship, and, eager for salvation, longs for it to be set right again - because of all this, the poet prays that He would not also enter into judgment (בּוא בּמשׁפּט as in Job 9:32; Job 22:4; Job 14:3) with him, that He therefore would let mercy instead of justice have its course with him. For, apart from the fact that even the holiness of the good spirits does not coincide with God's absolute holiness, and that this defect must still be very far greater in the case of spirit-corporeal man, who has earthiness as the basis of his origin-yea, according to Psalm 51:7, man is conceived in sin, so that he is sinful from the point at which he begins to live onward - his life is indissolubly interwoven with sin, no living man possesses a righteousness that avails before God (Job 4:17; Job 9:2; Job 14:3., Job 15:14, and frequently).

(Note: Gerson observes on this point (vid., Thomasius, Dogmatik, iv. 251): I desire the righteousness of pity, which Thou bestowest in the present life, not the judgment of that righteousness which Thou wilt put into operation in the future life - the righteousness which justifies the repentant one.)

With כּי (Psalm 143:3) the poet introduces the ground of his petition for an answer, and more particularly for the forgiveness of his guilt. He is persecuted by deadly foes and is already nigh unto death, and that not without transgression of his own, so that consequently his deliverance depends upon the forgiveness of his sins, and will coincide with this. "The enemy persecuteth my soul" is a variation of language taken from Psalm 7:6 (חיּה for חיּים, as in Psalm 78:50, and frequently in the Book of Job, more particularly in the speeches of Elihu). Psalm 143:3 also recalls Psalm 7:6, but as to the words it sounds like Lamentations 3:6 (cf. Psalm 88:7). מתי עולם (lxx νεκροὺς αἰῶνος) are either those for ever dead (the Syriac), after שׁנת עולם in Jeremiah 51:39, cf. בּית עולמו in Ecclesiastes 12:5, or those dead time out of mind (Jerome), after עם עולם in Ezekiel 26:20. The genitive construction admits both senses; the former, however, is rendered more natural by the consideration that הושׁיבני glances back to the beginning that seems to have no end: the poet seems to himself like one who is buried alive for ever. In consequence of this hostility which aims at his destruction, the poet feels his spirit within him, and consequently his inmost life, veil itself (the expression is the same as Psalm 142:4; Psalm 77:4); and in his inward part his heart falls into a state of disturbance (ישׁתּומם, a Hithpo. peculiar to the later language), so that it almost ceases to beat. He calls to mind the former days, in which Jahve was manifestly with him; he reflects upon the great redemptive work of God, with all the deeds of might and mercy in which it has hitherto been unfolded; he meditates upon the doing (בּמעשׂה, Ben-Naphtali בּמעשׂה) of His hands, i.e., the hitherto so wondrously moulded history of himself and of his people. They are echoes out of Psalm 77:4-7, Psalm 77:12. The contrast which presents itself to the Psalmist in connection with this comparison of his present circumsntaces with the past opens his wounds still deeper, and makes his prayer for help all the more urgent. He stretches forth his hands to God that He may protect and assist him (vid., Hlemann, Bibelstudien, i. 150f.). Like parched land is his soul turned towards Him, - language in which we recognise a bending round of the primary passage Psalm 63:2. Instead of לך it would be לך, if סלה (Targum לעלמין) were not, as it always is, taken up and included in the sequence of the accents.

Psalm 143:10 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

teach

Psalm 25:4,5,8,9,12 Show me your ways, O LORD; teach me your paths...

Psalm 119:5-7,12,35 O that my ways were directed to keep your statutes!...

Psalm 139:24 And see if there be any wicked way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting.

Micah 4:2 And many nations shall come, and say, Come, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, and to the house of the God of Jacob...

Matthew 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatever I have commanded you: and, see, I am with you always, even to the end of the world. Amen.

Colossians 1:9,10 For this cause we also, since the day we heard it, do not cease to pray for you...

1 Thessalonians 4:1,2 Furthermore then we beseech you, brothers, and exhort you by the Lord Jesus...

Hebrews 13:21 Make you perfect in every good work to do his will, working in you that which is well pleasing in his sight, through Jesus Christ...

1 John 2:27 But the anointing which you have received of him stays in you, and you need not that any man teach you...

for thou art

Psalm 22:1 My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? why are you so far from helping me, and from the words of my roaring?

Psalm 31:14 But I trusted in you, O LORD: I said, You are my God.

Psalm 63:1 O God, you are my God; early will I seek you: my soul thirsts for you, my flesh longs for you in a dry and thirsty land...

Psalm 118:28 You are my God, and I will praise you: you are my God, I will exalt you.

Psalm 140:6 I said to the LORD, You are my God: hear the voice of my supplications, O LORD.

thy spirit

Nehemiah 9:20 You gave also your good spirit to instruct them, and withheld not your manna from their mouth, and gave them water for their thirst.

Isaiah 63:14 As a beast goes down into the valley, the Spirit of the LORD caused him to rest: so did you lead your people...

John 14:26 But the Comforter, which is the Holy Ghost, whom the Father will send in my name, he shall teach you all things...

John 16:13-15 However, when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself...

Romans 5:5 And hope makes not ashamed; because the love of God is shed abroad in our hearts by the Holy Ghost which is given to us.

Romans 8:2,14-16,26 For the law of the Spirit of life in Christ Jesus has made me free from the law of sin and death...

Romans 15:13,30 Now the God of hope fill you with all joy and peace in believing, that you may abound in hope, through the power of the Holy Ghost...

Galatians 5:22,23 But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, long-suffering, gentleness, goodness, faith...

Ephesians 4:30 And grieve not the holy Spirit of God, whereby you are sealed to the day of redemption.

Ephesians 5:9 (For the fruit of the Spirit is in all goodness and righteousness and truth;)

2 Timothy 1:7 For God has not given us the spirit of fear; but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.

the land

Isaiah 29:10 For the LORD has poured out on you the spirit of deep sleep, and has closed your eyes: the prophets and your rulers...

Cross References
Nehemiah 9:20
You gave your good Spirit to instruct them and did not withhold your manna from their mouth and gave them water for their thirst.

Psalm 23:3
He restores my soul. He leads me in paths of righteousness for his name's sake.

Psalm 25:4
Make me to know your ways, O LORD; teach me your paths.

Psalm 25:5
Lead me in your truth and teach me, for you are the God of my salvation; for you I wait all the day long.

Psalm 119:12
Blessed are you, O LORD; teach me your statutes!

Psalm 139:24
And see if there be any grievous way in me, and lead me in the way everlasting!

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