Psalm 104:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
The high mountains are for the wild goats; the rocks are a refuge for the rock badgers.

King James Bible
The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.

American Standard Version
The high mountains are for the wild goats; The rocks are a refuge for the conies.

Douay-Rheims Bible
The high hills are a refuge for the harts, the rock for the irchins.

English Revised Version
The high mountains are for the wild goats; the rocks are a refuge for the conies.

Webster's Bible Translation
The high hills are a refuge for the wild goats; and the rocks for the conies.

Psalm 104:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The third decastich, passing on to the third day of creation, sings the benefit which the shore-surrounded waters are to the animal creation and the growth of the plants out of the earth, which is irrigated from below and moistened from above. God, the blessed One, being the principal subject of the Psalm, the poet (in Psalm 104:10 and further on) is able to go on in attributive and predicative participles: Who sendeth springs בּנּחלים, into the wads (not: בּנחלים, as brooks). נחל, as Psalm 104:10 shows, is here a synonym of בּקעה, and there is no need for saying that, flowing on in the plains, they grow into rivers. The lxx has ἐν φάραγξιν. חיתו שׂדי is doubly poetic for חיּת השּׂדה. God has also provided for all the beasts that roam far from men; and the wild ass, swift as an arrow, difficult to be hunted, and living in troops (פּרא, Arabic ferâ, root פר, Arab. fr, to move quickly, to whiz, to flee; the wild ass, the onager, Arabic himr el-wahs, whose home is on the steppes), is made prominent by way of example. The phrase "to break the thirst" occurs only here. עליהם, Psalm 104:12, refers to the מעינים, which are also still the subject in Psalm 104:11. The pointing עפאים needlessly creates a hybrid form in addition to עפאים (like לבאים) and עפיים. From the tangled branches by the springs the poet insensibly reaches the second half of the third day. The vegetable kingdom at the same time reminds him of the rain which, descending out of the upper chambers of the heavens, waters the waterless mountain-tops. Like the Talmud (B. Ta‛anı̂th, 10a), by the "fruit of Thy work" (מעשׂיך as singular) Hitzig understands the rain; but rain is rather that which fertilizes; and why might not the fruit be meant which God's works (מעשׂיך, plural) here below (Psalm 104:24), viz., the vegetable creations, bear, and from which the earth, i.e., its population, is satisfied, inasmuch as vegetable food springs up as much for the beasts as for man? In connection with עשׂב the poet is thinking of cultivated plants, more especially wheat; לעבדת, however, does not signify: for cultivation by man, since, according to Hitzig's correct remonstrance, they do not say עבד העשׂב, and להוציא has not man, but rather God, as its subject, but as in 1 Chronicles 26:30, for the service (use) of man.

Psalm 104:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the wild goats. The rock goat, so called to ascend, because it is famous for mounting to the tops of the highest rocks. Its general appearance is that of the tame goat, of a dusky brown colour; but the male is larger, with long horns, bending backwards.

1 Samuel 24:2 Then Saul took three thousand chosen men out of all Israel, and went to seek David and his men on the rocks of the wild goats.

Job 39:1 Know you the time when the wild goats of the rock bring forth? or can you mark when the hinds do calve?

the conies

Deuteronomy 14:7 Nevertheless these you shall not eat of them that chew the cud, or of them that divide the cloven hoof; as the camel, and the hare...

Proverbs 30:26 The conies are but a feeble folk, yet make they their houses in the rocks;

Cross References
Leviticus 11:5
And the rock badger, because it chews the cud but does not part the hoof, is unclean to you.

Job 39:1
"Do you know when the mountain goats give birth? Do you observe the calving of the does?

Proverbs 30:26
the rock badgers are a people not mighty, yet they make their homes in the cliffs;

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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