Proverbs 20:20
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
If one curses his father or his mother, his lamp will be put out in utter darkness.

King James Bible
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

American Standard Version
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, His lamp shall be put out in blackness of darkness.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that curseth his father, and mother, his lamp shall be put out in the midst of darkness.

English Revised Version
Whoso curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in the blackest darkness.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whoever curseth his father or his mother, his lamp shall be put out in obscure darkness.

Proverbs 20:20 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The following group has its natural limit at the new point of departure at Proverbs 20:20, and is internally connected in a diversity of ways.

14 "Bad, bad!" saith the buyer;

     And going his way, he boasteth then.

Luther otherwise:

"Bad, bad!" saith one if he hath it;

But when it is gone, then he boasteth of it.

This rendering has many supporters. Geier cites the words of the Latin poet:

"Omne bonum praesens minus est, sperata videntur Magna."

Schultens quotes the proverbs τὸ παρὸν βαρύ and Praesentia laudato, for with Luther he refers ואזל לו to the present possession (אזל, as 1 Samuel 9:7 equals (Arab.) zâl, to cease, to be lost), and translates: at dilapsum sibi, tum demum pro splendido celebrat. But by this the Hithpa. does not receive its full meaning; and to extract from הקּונה the idea to which ואזל לו refers, if not unnecessary, is certainly worthless. Hakkoneh may also certainly mean the possessor, but the possessor by acquisition (lxx and the Venet. ὁ κτώμενος); for the most part it signifies the possessor by purchase, the buyer (Jerome, emptor), as correlate of מכר, Isaiah 24:2; Ezekiel 4:12. It is customary for the buyer to undervalue that which he seeks to purchase, so as to obtain it as cheaply as possible; afterwards he boasts that he has bought that which is good, and yet so cheap. That is an every-day experience; but the proverb indirectly warns against conventional lying, and shows that one should not be startled and deceived thereby. The subject to ואזל לו is thus the buyer; אזל with לו denotes, more definitely even than הלך לו, going from thence, s'en aller. Syntactically, the punctuation ואזל לו [and he takes himself off] (perf. hypoth., Ewald, 357a) would have been near (Jerome: et cum recesserit); but yet it is not necessary, with Hitzig, thus to correct it. The poet means to say: making himself off, he then boasts. We cannot in German place the "alsdann" [then] as the אז here, and as also, e.g., at 1 Samuel 20:12; but Theodotion, in good Greek: καὶ πορευθεὶς τότε καυχήσεται. We may write ואזל לו with Mercha on the antepenult, on which the accent is thrown back, cf. חונן, Proverbs 19:17, but not לּו; for the rule for Dagesh does not here, with the retrogression of the tone, come into application, as, e.g., in אוכל לּחמי, Psalm 41:10. Singularly the Syr. and Targ. do not read רע רע, but רע לרע, and couple Proverbs 20:15 with 14. In the lxx, Proverbs 20:14-19 are wanting.

Proverbs 20:20 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

curseth

Proverbs 30:11,17 There is a generation that curses their father, and does not bless their mother...

Exodus 20:12 Honor your father and your mother: that your days may be long on the land which the LORD your God gives you.

Exodus 21:17 And he that curses his father, or his mother, shall surely be put to death.

Leviticus 20:9 For every one that curses his father or his mother shall be surely put to death: he has cursed his father or his mother...

Deuteronomy 27:16 Cursed be he that sets light by his father or his mother. And all the people shall say, Amen.

Matthew 22:13 Then said the king to the servants, Bind him hand and foot, and take him away, and cast him into outer darkness...

Matthew 25:8 And the foolish said to the wise, Give us of your oil; for our lamps are gone out.

Jude 1:13 Raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own shame; wandering stars, to whom is reserved the blackness of darkness for ever.

lamp or candle

Proverbs 20:27 The spirit of man is the candle of the LORD, searching all the inward parts of the belly.

Cross References
Matthew 15:4
For God commanded, 'Honor your father and your mother,' and, 'Whoever reviles father or mother must surely die.'

Exodus 21:17
"Whoever curses his father or his mother shall be put to death.

Leviticus 20:9
For anyone who curses his father or his mother shall surely be put to death; he has cursed his father or his mother; his blood is upon him.

Job 18:5
"Indeed, the light of the wicked is put out, and the flame of his fire does not shine.

Proverbs 13:9
The light of the righteous rejoices, but the lamp of the wicked will be put out.

Proverbs 20:21
An inheritance gained hastily in the beginning will not be blessed in the end.

Proverbs 24:20
for the evil man has no future; the lamp of the wicked will be put out.

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