Micah 5:1
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Now muster your troops, O daughter of troops; siege is laid against us; with a rod they strike the judge of Israel on the cheek.

King James Bible
Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.

American Standard Version
Now shalt thou gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us; they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now shalt thou be laid waste, O daughter of the robber: they have laid siege against us, with a rod shall they strike the cheek of the judge of Israel.

English Revised Version
Now shalt thou gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.

Webster's Bible Translation
Now gather thyself in troops, O daughter of troops: he hath laid siege against us: they shall smite the judge of Israel with a rod upon the cheek.

Micah 5:1 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

To this vision the prophet attaches the last admonition to the rich and powerful men of the nation, to observe the threatening of the Lord before it is too late, impressing upon them the terrible severity of the judgment. Amos 8:4. "Hear this, ye that gape for the poor, and to destroy the meek of the earth, Amos 8:5. Saying, When is the new moon over, that we may sell corn? and the sabbath, that we may open wheat, to make the ephah small, and the shekel great, and to falsify the scale of deceit? Amos 8:6. To buy the poor for silver, and the needy for a pair of shoes, and the refuse of the corn will we sell." The persons addressed are the השּׁאפים אביון, i.e., not those who snort at the poor man, to frighten him away from any further pursuit of his rights (Baur), but, according to Amos 2:6-7, those who greedily pant for the poor man, who try to swallow him (Hitzig). This is affirmed in the second clause of the verse, in which שׁאפים is to be repeated in thought before להשׁבּית: they gape to destroy the quiet in the land (ענוי־ארץ equals ענוים, in Amos 2:7), "namely by grasping all property for themselves, Job 22:8; Isaiah 5:8" (Hitzig). Amos 8:5 and Amos 8:6 show how they expect to accomplish their purpose. Like covetous usurers, they cannot even wait for the end of the feast-days to pursue their trade still further. Chōdēsh, the new moon, was a holiday on which all trade was suspended, just as it was on the Sabbath (see at Numbers 28:11 and 2 Kings 4:23). השׁבּיר שׁבר, to sell corn, as in Genesis 41:57. פּתח בּר, to open up corn, i.e., to open the granaries (cf. Genesis 41:56). In doing so, they wanted to cheat the poor by small measure (ephah), and by making the shekel great, i.e., by increasing the price, which was to be weighed out to them; also by false scales (‛ivvēth, to pervert, or falsify the scale of deceit, i.e., the scale used for cheating), and by bad corn (mappal, waste or refuse); that in this way they might make the poor man so poor, that he would either be obliged to sell himself to them from want and distress (Leviticus 25:39), or be handed over to the creditor by the court of justice, because he was no longer able to pay for a pair of shoes, i.e., the very smallest debt (cf. Amos 2:6).

Micah 5:1 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

gather.

Deuteronomy 28:49 The LORD shall bring a nation against you from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flies...

2 Kings 24:2 And the LORD sent against him bands of the Chaldees, and bands of the Syrians, and bands of the Moabites...

Isaiah 8:9 Associate yourselves, O you people, and you shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all you of far countries: gird yourselves...

Isaiah 10:6 I will send him against an hypocritical nation, and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge, to take the spoil...

Jeremiah 4:7 The lion is come up from his thicket, and the destroyer of the Gentiles is on his way...

Jeremiah 25:9 Behold, I will send and take all the families of the north, said the LORD, and Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, my servant...

Joel 3:9 Proclaim you this among the Gentiles; Prepare war, wake up the mighty men, let all the men of war draw near; let them come up:

Habakkuk 1:6 For, see, I raise up the Chaldeans, that bitter and hasty nation, which shall march through the breadth of the land...

Habakkuk 3:16 When I heard, my belly trembled; my lips quivered at the voice: rottenness entered into my bones, and I trembled in myself...

he hath.

Deuteronomy 28:51-57 And he shall eat the fruit of your cattle, and the fruit of your land, until you be destroyed...

2 Kings 25:1-3 And it came to pass in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, in the tenth day of the month...

Ezekiel 21:21,22 For the king of Babylon stood at the parting of the way, at the head of the two ways, to use divination: he made his arrows bright...

Ezekiel 24:2 Son of man, write you the name of the day, even of this same day: the king of Babylon set himself against Jerusalem this same day.

Luke 19:43,44 For the days shall come on you, that your enemies shall cast a trench about you, and compass you round, and keep you in on every side...

they.

Job 16:10 They have gaped on me with their mouth; they have smitten me on the cheek reproachfully...

Lamentations 3:30 He gives his cheek to him that smites him: he is filled full with reproach.

Matthew 5:39 But I say to you, That you resist not evil: but whoever shall smite you on your right cheek, turn to him the other also.

Matthew 26:67 Then did they spit in his face, and buffeted him; and others smote him with the palms of their hands,

Matthew 27:30 And they spit on him, and took the reed, and smote him on the head.

John 18:22 And when he had thus spoken, one of the officers which stood by struck Jesus with the palm of his hand, saying...

John 19:3 And said, Hail, King of the Jews! and they smote him with their hands.

Acts 23:2 And the high priest Ananias commanded them that stood by him to smite him on the mouth.

2 Corinthians 11:20 For you suffer, if a man bring you into bondage, if a man devour you, if a man take of you, if a man exalt himself...

judge.

1 Samuel 8:5,6 And said to him, Behold, you are old, and your sons walk not in your ways: now make us a king to judge us like all the nations...

Isaiah 33:22 For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us.

Amos 2:3 And I will cut off the judge from the middle thereof, and will slay all the princes thereof with him, said the LORD.

Cross References
1 Kings 22:24
Then Zedekiah the son of Chenaanah came near and struck Micaiah on the cheek and said, "How did the Spirit of the LORD go from me to speak to you?"

Job 16:10
Men have gaped at me with their mouth; they have struck me insolently on the cheek; they mass themselves together against me.

Lamentations 3:30
let him give his cheek to the one who strikes, and let him be filled with insults.

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