Matthew 3:12
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
His winnowing fork is in his hand, and he will clear his threshing floor and gather his wheat into the barn, but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.”

King James Bible
Whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly purge his floor, and gather his wheat into the garner; but he will burn up the chaff with unquenchable fire.

American Standard Version
whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his threshing-floor; and he will gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor and gather his wheat into the barn; but the chaff he will burn with unquenchable fire.

English Revised Version
whose fan is in his hand, and he will throughly cleanse his threshing-floor; and he will gather his wheat into the garner, but the chaff he will burn up with unquenchable fire.

Webster's Bible Translation
Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly cleanse his floor, and gather his wheat into the granary; but he will burn the chaff with unquenchable fire.

Weymouth New Testament
His winnowing-shovel is in His hand, and He will make a thorough clearance of His threshing-floor, gathering His wheat into the storehouse, but burning up the chaff in unquenchable fire."

Matthew 3:12 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Fan, floor (Wyc. has corn-floor)

The picture is of a farmer at his threshing-floor, the area of hard-beaten earth on which the sheaves are spread and the grain trodden out by animals. His fan, that is his winnowing-shovel or fork, is in his hand, and with it he throws up the mingled wheat and chaff against the wind in order to separate the grain.

Throughly cleanse (διακαθαριεῖ)

Throughly (retained by Rev.) obsolete form of thoroughly, is the force of the preposition διά (through). In that preposition lies the picture of the farmer beginning at one side of the floor, and working through to the other, cleansing as he goes.

The whole metaphor represents the Messiah as separating the evil from the good, according to the tests of his kingdom and Gospel, receiving the worthy into his kingdom and consigning the unworthy to destruction (compare Matthew 13:30, Matthew 13:39-43, Matthew 13:48-50).

Matthew 3:12 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

fan.

Isaiah 30:24 The oxen likewise and the young donkeys that ear the ground shall eat clean provender...

Isaiah 41:16 You shall fan them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the whirlwind shall scatter them: and you shall rejoice in the LORD...

Jeremiah 4:11 At that time shall it be said to this people and to Jerusalem...

Jeremiah 15:7 And I will fan them with a fan in the gates of the land; I will bereave them of children...

Jeremiah 51:2 And will send to Babylon fanners, that shall fan her, and shall empty her land...

Luke 3:17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner...

he will throughly.

Matthew 13:41,49,50 The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend...

Malachi 3:2,3 But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appears? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap...

Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yes, and all that do wickedly...

John 15:2 Every branch in me that bears not fruit he takes away: and every branch that bears fruit, he purges it...

and gather.

Matthew 13:30,43 Let both grow together until the harvest: and in the time of harvest I will say to the reapers, Gather you together first the tares...

Amos 9:9 For, see, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve...

but.

Job 21:18 They are as stubble before the wind, and as chaff that the storm carries away.

Psalm 1:4 The ungodly are not so: but are like the chaff which the wind drives away.

Psalm 35:5 Let them be as chaff before the wind: and let the angel of the LORD chase them.

Isaiah 5:24 Therefore as the fire devours the stubble, and the flame consumes the chaff, so their root shall be as rottenness...

Isaiah 17:13 The nations shall rush like the rushing of many waters: but God shall rebuke them, and they shall flee far off...

Hosea 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud and as the early dew that passes away...

Malachi 4:1 For, behold, the day comes, that shall burn as an oven; and all the proud, yes, and all that do wickedly...

Luke 3:17 Whose fan is in his hand, and he will thoroughly purge his floor, and will gather the wheat into his garner...

with.

Isaiah 1:31 And the strong shall be as wick, and the maker of it as a spark, and they shall both burn together, and none shall quench them.

Isaiah 66:24 And they shall go forth, and look on the carcasses of the men that have transgressed against me: for their worm shall not die...

Jeremiah 7:20 Therefore thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, my anger and my fury shall be poured out on this place, on man, and on beast...

Jeremiah 17:27 But if you will not listen to me to hallow the sabbath day, and not to bear a burden...

Ezekiel 20:47,48 And say to the forest of the south, Hear the word of the LORD; Thus said the Lord GOD; Behold, I will kindle a fire in you...

Mark 9:43-48 And if your hand offend you, cut it off: it is better for you to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell...

Cross References
Psalm 1:4
The wicked are not so, but are like chaff that the wind drives away.

Isaiah 1:31
And the strong shall become tinder, and his work a spark, and both of them shall burn together, with none to quench them.

Isaiah 27:4
I have no wrath. Would that I had thorns and briers to battle! I would march against them, I would burn them up together.

Isaiah 30:24
and the oxen and the donkeys that work the ground will eat seasoned fodder, which has been winnowed with shovel and fork.

Isaiah 41:16
you shall winnow them, and the wind shall carry them away, and the tempest shall scatter them. And you shall rejoice in the LORD; in the Holy One of Israel you shall glory.

Isaiah 66:24
"And they shall go out and look on the dead bodies of the men who have rebelled against me. For their worm shall not die, their fire shall not be quenched, and they shall be an abhorrence to all flesh."

Jeremiah 7:20
Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: Behold, my anger and my wrath will be poured out on this place, upon man and beast, upon the trees of the field and the fruit of the ground; it will burn and not be quenched."

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ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
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