John 21:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed my lambs.”

King James Bible
So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

American Standard Version
So when they had broken their fast, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon,'son of John, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

Douay-Rheims Bible
When therefore they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter: Simon son of John, lovest thou me more than these? He saith to him: Yea, Lord, thou knowest that I love thee. He saith to him: Feed my lambs.

English Revised Version
So when they had broken their fast, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of John, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.

Webster's Bible Translation
So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith to him, Yes, Lord: thou knowest that I love thee. He saith to him, Feed my lambs.

Weymouth New Testament
When they had finished breakfast, Jesus asked Simon Peter, "Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these others do?" "Yes, Master," was his answer; "you know that you are dear to me." "Then feed my lambs," replied Jesus.

John 21:15 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

Simon, son of Jonas

Compare Christ's first address to Peter, John 1:43. He never addresses him by the name of Peter, while that name is commonly used, either alone or with Simon, in the narrative of the Gospels, and in the Greek form Peter, not the Aramaic Cephas, which, on the other hand, is always employed by Paul. For Jonas read as Rev., John.

Lovest (ἀγαπᾶς)

Jesus uses the more dignified, really the nobler, but, as it seems to Peter, in the ardor of his affection, the colder word for love. See on John 5:20.

More than these

More than these disciples love me. Compare John 13:37; Matthew 26:33. The question conveys a gentle rebuke for his former extravagant professions.

I love (φιλῶ)

Peter substitutes the warmer, more affectionate word, and omits all comparison with his fellow-disciples.

Feed (βόσκε)

See on 1 Peter 5:2.

Lambs (ἀρνία)

Diminutive: little lambs. Godet remarks: "There is a remarkable resemblance between the present situation and that of the two scenes in the previous life of Peter with which it is related. He had been called to the ministry by Jesus after a miraculous draught of fishes; it is after a similar draught that the ministry is restored to him. He had lost his office by a denial beside a fire of coal; it is beside a fire of coal that he recovers it."

John 21:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

son.

John 21:16,17 He said to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? He said to him, Yes, Lord...

John 1:42 And he brought him to Jesus. And when Jesus beheld him, he said, You are Simon the son of Jona: you shall be called Cephas...

Jona.

Matthew 16:17 And Jesus answered and said to him, Blessed are you, Simon Barjona: for flesh and blood has not revealed it to you...

Bar-jona. lovest.

John 8:42 Jesus said to them, If God were your Father, you would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God; neither came I of myself...

John 14:15-24 If you love me, keep my commandments...

John 16:27 For the Father himself loves you, because you have loved me, and have believed that I came out from God.

Matthew 10:37 He that loves father or mother more than me is not worthy of me: and he that loves son or daughter more than me is not worthy of me.

Matthew 25:34-45 Then shall the King say to them on his right hand, Come, you blessed of my Father...

1 Corinthians 16:21,22 The salutation of me Paul with my own hand...

2 Corinthians 5:14,15 For the love of Christ constrains us; because we thus judge, that if one died for all, then were all dead...

Galatians 5:6 For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision avails any thing, nor uncircumcision; but faith which works by love.

Ephesians 6:24 Grace be with all them that love our Lord Jesus Christ in sincerity. Amen.

1 Peter 1:8 Whom having not seen, you love; in whom, though now you see him not, yet believing, you rejoice with joy unspeakable and full of glory:

1 John 4:19 We love him, because he first loved us.

1 John 5:1 Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God: and every one that loves him that begat loves him also that is begotten of him...

more.

John 21:7 Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord...

Matthew 26:33,35 Peter answered and said to him, Though all men shall be offended because of you, yet will I never be offended...

Mark 14:29 But Peter said to him, Although all shall be offended, yet will not I.

thou knowest.

John 21:17 He said to him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, love you me? Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, Love you me?...

2 Samuel 7:20 And what can David say more to you? for you, Lord GOD, know your servant.

2 Kings 20:3 I beseech you, O LORD, remember now how I have walked before you in truth and with a perfect heart...

Hebrews 4:13 Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight...

Revelation 2:23 And I will kill her children with death; and all the churches shall know that I am he which searches the reins and hearts...

Feed.

Psalm 78:70-72 He chose David also his servant, and took him from the sheepfolds...

Jeremiah 3:15 And I will give you pastors according to my heart, which shall feed you with knowledge and understanding.

Jeremiah 23:4 And I will set up shepherds over them which shall feed them: and they shall fear no more, nor be dismayed...

Ezekiel 34:2-10,23 Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy, and say to them, Thus said the Lord GOD to the shepherds...

Acts 20:28 Take heed therefore to yourselves, and to all the flock, over the which the Holy Ghost has made you overseers...

1 Timothy 4:15,16 Meditate on these things; give yourself wholly to them; that your profiting may appear to all...

Hebrews 13:20 Now the God of peace, that brought again from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great shepherd of the sheep...

1 Peter 2:25 For you were as sheep going astray; but are now returned to the Shepherd and Bishop of your souls.

1 Peter 5:1-4 The elders which are among you I exhort, who am also an elder, and a witness of the sufferings of Christ...

lambs.

Genesis 33:13 And he said to him, My lord knows that the children are tender, and the flocks and herds with young are with me...

Isaiah 40:11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm, and carry them in his bosom...

Matthew 18:10,11 Take heed that you despise not one of these little ones; for I say to you...

Luke 22:32 But I have prayed for you, that your faith fail not: and when you are converted, strengthen your brothers.

Romans 14:1 Him that is weak in the faith receive you, but not to doubtful disputations.

Romans 15:1 We then that are strong ought to bear the infirmities of the weak, and not to please ourselves.

1 Corinthians 3:1-3 And I, brothers, could not speak to you as to spiritual, but as to carnal, even as to babes in Christ...

1 Corinthians 8:11 And through your knowledge shall the weak brother perish, for whom Christ died?

Ephesians 4:14 That we from now on be no more children, tossed to and fro, and carried about with every wind of doctrine, by the sleight of men...

Hebrews 12:12,13 Why lift up the hands which hang down, and the feeble knees...

1 Peter 2:2 As newborn babes, desire the sincere milk of the word, that you may grow thereby:

Cross References
Ezekiel 34:2
"Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel; prophesy, and say to them, even to the shepherds, Thus says the Lord GOD: Ah, shepherds of Israel who have been feeding yourselves! Should not shepherds feed the sheep?

Matthew 16:17
And Jesus answered him, "Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah! For flesh and blood has not revealed this to you, but my Father who is in heaven.

Matthew 26:33
Peter answered him, "Though they all fall away because of you, I will never fall away."

Mark 14:29
Peter said to him, "Even though they all fall away, I will not."

Luke 12:32
"Fear not, little flock, for it is your Father's good pleasure to give you the kingdom.

Luke 22:32
but I have prayed for you that your faith may not fail. And when you have turned again, strengthen your brothers."

John 1:42
He brought him to Jesus. Jesus looked at him and said, "You are Simon the son of John. You shall be called Cephas" (which means Peter).

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