Job 38:28
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Has the rain a father, or who has begotten the drops of dew?

King James Bible
Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?

American Standard Version
Hath the rain a father? Or who hath begotten the drops of dew?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who is the father of rain ? or who begot the drops of dew?

English Revised Version
Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew?

Webster's Bible Translation
Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of the dew?

Job 38:28 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

22 Hast thou reached the treasures of the snow,

And didst thou see the treasures of the hail,

23 Which I have reserved for a time of trouble,

For the day of battle and war?

24 Which is the way where the light is divided,

Where the east wind is scattered over the earth?

25 Who divideth a course for the rain-flood

And the way of the lightning of thunder,

26 That it raineth on the land where no one dwelleth,

On the tenantless steppe,

27 To satisfy the desolate and the waste,

And to cause the tender shoot of the grass to spring forth?

The idea in Job 38:22 is not that - as for instance the peasants of Menn, four hours' journey from Damascus, garner up the winter snow in a cleft of the rock, in order to convey it to Damascus and the towns of the coast in the hot months - God treasures up the snow and hail above to cause it to descend according to opportunity. אצרות (comp. Psalm 135:7) are the final causes of these phenomena which God has created - the form of the question, the design of which (which must not be forgotten) is ethical, not scientific, is regulated according to the infancy of the perception of natural phenomena among the ancients; but at the same time in accordance with the poet's task, and even, as here, in the choice of the agents of destruction, not merely hail, but also snow, according to the scene of the incident. Wetzstein has in his possession a writing of Muhammed el-Chatb el-Bosrwi, in which he describes a fearful fall of snow in Hauran, by which, in February 1860, innumerable herds of sheep, goats, and camels, and also many human beings perished.

(Note: Since the Hauranites say of snow as of fire: jahrik, it burns (brlant in French is also used of extreme cold), Job 1:16 might also be understood of a fall of snow; but the tenor of the words there requires it to be understood of actual fire.)

continued...

Job 38:28 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Hath the

Job 38:8 Or who shut up the sea with doors, when it broke forth, as if it had issued out of the womb?

Job 5:9,10 Which does great things and unsearchable; marvelous things without number...

1 Samuel 12:17,18 Is it not wheat harvest to day? I will call to the LORD, and he shall send thunder and rain...

Psalm 65:9,10 You visit the earth, and water it: you greatly enrich it with the river of God, which is full of water: you prepare them corn...

Jeremiah 5:24 Neither say they in their heart, Let us now fear the LORD our God, that gives rain, both the former and the latter, in his season...

Jeremiah 10:13 When he utters his voice, there is a multitude of waters in the heavens, and he causes the vapors to ascend from the ends of the earth...

Jeremiah 14:22 Are there any among the vanities of the Gentiles that can cause rain? or can the heavens give showers? are not you he, O LORD our God?...

Joel 2:23 Be glad then, you children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he has given you the former rain moderately...

Amos 4:7 And also I have withheld the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain on one city...

Matthew 5:45 That you may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for he makes his sun to rise on the evil and on the good...

dew

Job 29:19 My root was spread out by the waters, and the dew lay all night on my branch.

Genesis 27:28,39 Therefore God give you of the dew of heaven, and the fatness of the earth, and plenty of corn and wine...

Deuteronomy 33:13,28 And of Joseph he said, Blessed of the LORD be his land, for the precious things of heaven, for the dew...

2 Samuel 1:21 You mountains of Gilboa, let there be no dew, neither let there be rain, on you, nor fields of offerings...

1 Kings 17:1 And Elijah the Tishbite, who was of the inhabitants of Gilead, said to Ahab, As the LORD God of Israel lives, before whom I stand...

Proverbs 3:20 By his knowledge the depths are broken up, and the clouds drop down the dew.

Hosea 14:5 I will be as the dew to Israel: he shall grow as the lily, and cast forth his roots as Lebanon.

Cross References
Job 36:27
For he draws up the drops of water; they distill his mist in rain,

Job 36:28
which the skies pour down and drop on mankind abundantly.

Psalm 147:8
He covers the heavens with clouds; he prepares rain for the earth; he makes grass grow on the hills.

Jeremiah 14:22
Are there any among the false gods of the nations that can bring rain? Or can the heavens give showers? Are you not he, O LORD our God? We set our hope on you, for you do all these things.

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