Job 37:18
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Can you, like him, spread out the skies, hard as a cast metal mirror?

King James Bible
Hast thou with him spread out the sky, which is strong, and as a molten looking glass?

American Standard Version
Canst thou with him spread out the sky, Which is strong as a molten mirror?

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou perhaps hast made the heavens with him, which are most strong, as if they were of molten brass.

English Revised Version
Canst thou with him spread out the sky, which is strong as a molten mirror?

Webster's Bible Translation
Hast thou with him spread out the sky which is strong, and as a molten looking-glass?

Job 37:18 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

11 Also He loadeth the clouds with water,

He spreadeth far and wide the cloud of His light,

12 And these turn themselves round about,

Directed by Him, that they execute

All that He hath commanded them

Over the wide earth.

13 Whether for a scourge, or for the good of His earth,

Or for mercy, He causeth it to discharge itself.

With אף extending the description, Elihu, in the presence of the storm that is in the sky, continually returns to this one marvel of nature. The old versions connect בּרי partly with בּר, electus (lxx, Syr., Theod.) or frumentum (Symm., Jer.), partly with בּרה equals בּרר in the signification puritas, serenitas (Targ.); but בּרי is, as Schultens has already perceived, the Hebr.-Arabic רי, Arab. rı̂yun, rı̂j-un (from רוה equals riwj), abundant irrigation, with בּ; and יטריח does not signify, according to the Arab. atraha, "to hurl down," so that what is spoken of would be the bursting of the clouds (Stick.),

(Note: This "atraha" is, moreover, a pure invention of our ordinary Arabic lexicons instead of ittaraha (VIII form): (1) to throw one's self, (2) to throw anything from one's self, with an acc. of the thing. - Fl.)

but, according to טרח, a burden (comp. Arab. taraha ala, to load), "to burden;" with fluidity (Ew., Hirz., Hahn, Schlottm.), better: fulness of water, He burdens the clouds (comp. rawij-un as a designation of cloud as the place of rain). ענן אורו, His cloud of light, is that that is charged with lightning, and הפיץ has here its Hebr.-Arab. radical signification effundere, diffundere, with a preponderance of the idea not of scattering, but of spreading out wide (Arab. faid, abundance). והוּא, Job 37:12, refers to the cloud pregnant with lightning; this turns round about (מסבּות, adv. as מסב, round about, 1 Kings 6:29) seeking a place, where it shall unburden itself by virtue of His (God's) direction or disposing (תחבּוּלת, a word belonging to the book of Proverbs; lxx, Cod. Vat. and Alex., untranslated: εν θεεβουλαθωθ, Cod. Sinait. still more monstrous), in order that they (the clouds full of lightning) may accomplish everything that He commands them over the surface of the earth; ארצה as Job 34:13, and the combination תּבל ארצה as Proverbs 8:31, comp. ארץ ותבל, Psalm 90:2. The reference of the pronominal suff. to men is as inadmissible here as in Job 37:4. In Job 37:13 two אם have certainly, as Job 34:29, two ו, the correlative signification sive ... sive (Arab. in ... wa-in), in a third, as appears, a conditional, but which? According to Ew., Hirz., Hahn, Schlottm., and others, the middle one: if it (the rod) belongs to His land, i.e., if it has deserved it. But even the possessive suff. of לארצו shows that the ל is to be taken as dat. commodi: be it for a rod, be it for the good of His land; which is then followed by a conditional verbal clause: in case He mercifully causes it (the storm) to come, i.e., causes this His land to be overtaken by it (המציא here with the acc., the thing coming, whereas in Job 34:11 of the thing to be overtaken). The accentuation, indeed, appears to assume a threefold sive: whether He causeth it to discharge itself upon man for punishment, man for mercy, or His earth for good with reference to man. Then Elihu would think of the uninhabited steppe in connection with אם לארצו. Since a conditional אם by the side of two correlatives is hazardous, we decide finally with the lxx, Targ., and all the old versions, in favour of the same rendering of the threefold אם, especially since it corresponds to the circumstances of the case.

Job 37:18 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

spread

Job 9:8,9 Which alone spreads out the heavens, and treads on the waves of the sea...

Genesis 1:6-8 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the middle of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters...

Psalm 104:2 Who cover yourself with light as with a garment: who stretch out the heavens like a curtain:

Psalm 148:4-6 Praise him, you heavens of heavens, and you waters that be above the heavens...

Psalm 150:1 Praise you the LORD. Praise God in his sanctuary: praise him in the firmament of his power.

Proverbs 8:27 When he prepared the heavens, I was there: when he set a compass on the face of the depth:

Isaiah 40:12,22 Who has measured the waters in the hollow of his hand, and meted out heaven with the span...

Isaiah 44:24 Thus said the LORD, your redeemer, and he that formed you from the womb, I am the LORD that makes all things...

as

Exodus 38:8 And he made the laver of brass, and the foot of it of brass, of the mirrors of the women assembling...

Cross References
Job 9:8
who alone stretched out the heavens and trampled the waves of the sea;

Job 37:17
you whose garments are hot when the earth is still because of the south wind?

Psalm 104:2
covering yourself with light as with a garment, stretching out the heavens like a tent.

Isaiah 44:24
Thus says the LORD, your Redeemer, who formed you from the womb: "I am the LORD, who made all things, who alone stretched out the heavens, who spread out the earth by myself,

Isaiah 45:12
I made the earth and created man on it; it was my hands that stretched out the heavens, and I commanded all their host.

Jeremiah 10:12
It is he who made the earth by his power, who established the world by his wisdom, and by his understanding stretched out the heavens.

Zechariah 12:1
The oracle of the word of the LORD concerning Israel: Thus declares the LORD, who stretched out the heavens and founded the earth and formed the spirit of man within him:

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