Jeremiah 51:34
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
“Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon has devoured me; he has crushed me; he has made me an empty vessel; he has swallowed me like a monster; he has filled his stomach with my delicacies; he has rinsed me out.

King James Bible
Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.

American Standard Version
Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath, like a monster, swallowed me up, he hath filled his maw with my delicacies; he hath cast me out.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Nabuchodonosor king of Babylon hath eaten me up, he hath devoured me: he hath made me as an empty vessel: he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicate meats, and he hath cast me out.

English Revised Version
Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his maw with my delicates; he hath cast me out.

Webster's Bible Translation
Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured me, he hath crushed me, he hath made me an empty vessel, he hath swallowed me up like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my delicates, he hath cast me out.

Jeremiah 51:34 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

A summons addressed to the nations to fight against Babylon, in order that, by reducing the city, vengeance may be taken for the offence committed against Israel by Babylon. Jeremiah 51:27. "Lift up a standard on the earth, sound a trumpet among the nations, prepare the nations against her, call the kingdoms of Ararat, Minni, and Ashkenaz against her; appoint troops against her; bring up horses lie horrid locusts. Jeremiah 51:28. Prepare nations against her, the kings of the Medes and her governors, and all her lieutenant-governors, and all the land of his dominion. Jeremiah 51:29. Then the earth quakes and trembles: for the purposes of Jahveh against Babylon are being performed, to make the land of Babylon a desolation, without an inhabitant. Jeremiah 51:30. The heroes of Babylon have ceased to fight, they sit in the strongholds: their strength is dried up; they have become women; they have set her habitations on fire; her bars are broken. Jeremiah 51:31. One runner runs against another, and one messenger against another, to tell the king of Babylon that his city is wholly taken. Jeremiah 51:32. And the crossing-places have been seized, and the marches have they burned up with fire, and the men of war are confounded. Jeremiah 51:33. For thus saith Jahveh of hosts, the God of Israel: The daughter of Babylon is like a threshing-floor at the time when it is trodden; yet a little, and the time of harvest will come to her. Jeremiah 51:34. Nebuchadnezzar the king of Babylon hath devoured us, and ground us down; he hath set us down [like] an empty vessel, he hath swallowed us like a dragon, he hath filled his belly with my dainties; he hath thrust me out. Jeremiah 51:35. Let the inhabitress of Zion say, 'My wrong and my flesh [be] upon Babylon;' and let Jerusalem say, 'My blood be upon the inhabitants of Chaldea.' Jeremiah 51:36. Therefore thus saith Jahveh: Behold, I will plead thy cause, and execute vengeance for thee; ad I will dry up her sea, and make her fountain dry. Jeremiah 51:37. And Babylon shall become heaps [of ruins], a dwelling-place of dragons, an astonishment, and a hissing, without an inhabitant."

The lifting up of the standard (Jeremiah 51:27) serves as a signal for the nations to assemble for the struggle against Babylon. בּארץ does not mean "in the land," but, as the parallel "among the nations" shows, "on the earth." קדּשׁוּ, "consecrate prepare against her (Babylon) nations" for the war; cf. Jeremiah 6:4; Jeremiah 22:7. השׁמיעוּ, as in Jeremiah 50:29. The kingdoms summoned are: Ararat, i.e., the middle (or eastern) province of Armenia, in the plain of Araxes, which Moses of Chorene calls Arairad, Araratia (see on Genesis 8:4); Minni, which, according to the Syriac and Chaldee, is also a name of Armenia, probably its western province (see Gesenius' Thesaurus, p. 807); and Ashkenaz, which the Jews take to be Germany, although only this much is certain, that it is a province in the neighbourhood of Armenia. For Askên is an Armenian proper name, and az an Armenian termination; cf. Lagarde's Gesammelte Abhandll. S. 254, and Delitzsch on Genesis 10:3, Genesis 10:4 ed. פּקדוּ, "appoint, order against her." טפסר does not mean "captains" or leaders, for this meaning of the foreign word (supposed to be Assyrian) rests on a very uncertain etymology; it means some peculiar kind of troops, but nothing more definite can be affirmed regarding it. This meaning is required by the context both here and in Nahum 3:17, the only other place where the word occurs: see on that passage. The sing. טפסר corresponds with the sing. סוּס, and is therefore to be taken collectively, "troops and horses." Whether the simile כּילק ס belongs merely to "horses," or to the combination "troops and horses," depends on the meaning attached to the expression. Modern expositors render it "bristly locusts;" and by that they understand, like Credner (Joel, S. 298), the young grasshopper after it has laid aside its third skin, when the wings are still enveloped in rough horny sheaths, and stick straight up from the back of the animal. But this explanation rests on an erroneous interpretation of Nahum 3:17. סמר means to shudder, and is used of the shivering or quivering of the body (Psalm 119:120), and of the hair (Job 4:15); and ילק does not mean a particular kind of locusts, through Jerome, on Nahum 3:17, renders it attelabus (parva locusta est inter locustam et bruchum, et modicis pennis reptans potius quam volans, semperque subsiliens), but is a poetic epithet of the locust, "the devourer." If any one prefers to view סמר as referring to the nature of the locusts, he may with Bochart and Rosenmller, think of the locustarum species, quae habet caput hirsutum. But the epithet "horrid" is probably intended merely to point out the locusts as a fearful scourge of the country. On this view, the comparison refers to both clauses, and is meant to set forth not merely the enormous multitude of the soldiery, but also the devastation they make of the country. In Jeremiah 51:28 mention is further made of the kings of the Medes (see on Jeremiah 51:11), together with their governors and lieutenant-governors (see on Jeremiah 51:23), and, in order to give prominence to the immense strength of the army, of "all the land of his dominion;" on these expressions, cf. Jeremiah 34:1 and 1 Kings 9:19. The suffix refers to the king of Media, as the leader of the whole army; while those in "her governors, and all her lieutenant-governors," refer to the country of Media.

Jeremiah 51:34 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the king

Jeremiah 51:49 As Babylon has caused the slain of Israel to fall, so at Babylon shall fall the slain of all the earth.

Jeremiah 39:1-8 In the ninth year of Zedekiah king of Judah, in the tenth month, came Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon and all his army against Jerusalem...

Jeremiah 50:7,17 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, We offend not, because they have sinned against the LORD...

Lamentations 1:1,14,15 How does the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations...

he hath made

Jeremiah 48:11,12 Moab has been at ease from his youth, and he has settled on his lees, and has not been emptied from vessel to vessel...

Isaiah 24:1-3 Behold, the LORD makes the earth empty, and makes it waste, and turns it upside down, and scatters abroad the inhabitants thereof...

Isaiah 34:11 But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it...

Nahum 2:2,9,10 For the LORD has turned away the excellency of Jacob, as the excellency of Israel: for the emptiers have emptied them out...

swallowed

Jeremiah 51:44 And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he has swallowed up...

Job 20:15 He has swallowed down riches, and he shall vomit them up again: God shall cast them out of his belly.

Proverbs 1:12 Let us swallow them up alive as the grave; and whole, as those that go down into the pit:

Lamentations 2:16 All your enemies have opened their mouth against you: they hiss and gnash the teeth: they say, We have swallowed her up...

Ezekiel 36:3 Therefore prophesy and say, Thus said the Lord GOD; Because they have made you desolate, and swallowed you up on every side...

Amos 8:4 Hear this, O you that swallow up the needy, even to make the poor of the land to fail,

Matthew 23:14 Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! for you devour widows' houses, and for a pretense make long prayer...

Cross References
Job 20:15
He swallows down riches and vomits them up again; God casts them out of his belly.

Psalm 74:13
You divided the sea by your might; you broke the heads of the sea monsters on the waters.

Isaiah 24:1
Behold, the LORD will empty the earth and make it desolate, and he will twist its surface and scatter its inhabitants.

Jeremiah 50:17
"Israel is a hunted sheep driven away by lions. First the king of Assyria devoured him, and now at last Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon has gnawed his bones.

Jeremiah 51:44
And I will punish Bel in Babylon, and take out of his mouth what he has swallowed. The nations shall no longer flow to him; the wall of Babylon has fallen.

Lamentations 2:16
All your enemies rail against you; they hiss, they gnash their teeth, they cry: "We have swallowed her! Ah, this is the day we longed for; now we have it; we see it!"

Hosea 8:8
Israel is swallowed up; already they are among the nations as a useless vessel.

Jump to Previous
Babylon Belly Cast Clean Confusion Crushed Delicacies Devoured Dragon Empty Filled Jar Maw Monster Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadrezzar Nebuchadrez'zar Rinsed Spewed Stomach Swallowed Thrown Vessel Washed
Jump to Next
Babylon Belly Cast Clean Confusion Crushed Delicacies Devoured Dragon Empty Filled Jar Maw Monster Nebuchadnezzar Nebuchadrezzar Nebuchadrez'zar Rinsed Spewed Stomach Swallowed Thrown Vessel Washed
Links
Jeremiah 51:34 NIV
Jeremiah 51:34 NLT
Jeremiah 51:34 ESV
Jeremiah 51:34 NASB
Jeremiah 51:34 KJV

Jeremiah 51:34 Bible Apps
Jeremiah 51:34 Biblia Paralela
Jeremiah 51:34 Chinese Bible
Jeremiah 51:34 French Bible
Jeremiah 51:34 German Bible

Bible Hub

ESV Text Edition: 2016. The Holy Bible, English Standard Version® copyright © 2001 by Crossway Bibles, a publishing ministry of Good News Publishers.
Jeremiah 51:33
Top of Page
Top of Page