Isaiah 33:15
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
He who walks righteously and speaks uprightly, who despises the gain of oppressions, who shakes his hands, lest they hold a bribe, who stops his ears from hearing of bloodshed and shuts his eyes from looking on evil,

King James Bible
He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;

American Standard Version
He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from taking a bribe, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from looking upon evil:

Douay-Rheims Bible
He that walketh in justices, and speaketh truth, that casteth away avarice by oppression, and shaketh his hands from all bribes, that stoppeth his ears lest he hear blood, and shutteth his eyes that he may see no evil.

English Revised Version
He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from looking upon evil;

Webster's Bible Translation
He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil;

Isaiah 33:15 Parallel
Commentary
Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament

The prophet has thus run through the whole train of thought with a few rapid strides, in accordance with the custom which we have already frequently noticed; and now he commences afresh, mourning over the present miserable condition of things, in psalm-like elegiac tones, and weeping with his weeping people. "Behold, their heroes weep without; the messengers of peace weep bitterly. Desolate are roads, disappeared are travellers; he has broken covenant, insulted cities, despised men. The land mourns, languishes; Lebanon stands ashamed, parched; the meadow of Sharon has become like a steppe, and Bashan and Carmel shake their leaves." אראלּם is probably chosen with some allusion to 'Ariel, the name of Jerusalem in chapter 29; but it has a totally different meaning. We have rendered it "heroes," because אראל is here synonymous with אראל in the Nibelung-like piece contained in 2 Samuel 23:20 and 1 Chronicles 11:22. This 'ărı̄'ēl, which is here contracted into 'er'el (compare the biblical name 'Ar'ēlı̄ and the post-biblical name of the angels, 'Er'ellı̄m), is compounded of 'arı̄ (a lion) and ‛El (God), and therefore signifies "the lion of God," but in this sense, that El (God) gives to the idea of leonine courage merely the additional force of extraordinary or wonderful; and as a composite word, it contents itself with a singular, with a collective sense according to circumstances, without forming any plural at all. The dagesh is to be explained from the fact that the word (which tradition has erroneously regarded as a compound of להם אראה) is pointed in accordance with the form כּרמל (כרמלּו). The heroes intended by the prophet were the messengers sent to Sennacherib to treat with him for peace. They carried to him the amount of silver and gold which he had demanded as the condition of peace (2 Kings 18:14). But Sennacherib broke the treaty, by demanding nothing less than the surrender of Jerusalem itself. Then the heroes of Jerusalem cried aloud, when they arrived at Jerusalem, and had to convey this message of disgrace and alarm to the king and nation; and bitterly weeping over such a breach of faith, such deception and disgrace, the embassy, which had been sent off, to the deep self-humiliation of Judah and themselves, returned to Jerusalem. Moreover, Sennacherib continued to storm the fortified places, in violation of his agreement (on mâ'as ‛arı̄m, see 2 Kings 18:13). The land was more and more laid waste, the fields were trodden down; and the autumnal aspect of Lebanon, with its faded foliage, and of Bashan and Carmel, with their falling leaves, looked like shame and grief at the calamities of the land. It was in the autumn, therefore, that the prophet uttered these complaints; and the definition of the time given in his prophecy (Isaiah 32:10) coincides with this. קמל is the pausal form for קמל, just as in other places an ē with the tone, which has sprung from i, easily passes into a in pause; the sharpening of the syllable being preferred to the lengthening of it, not only when the syllable which precedes the tone syllable is an open one, but sometimes even when it is closed (e.g., Judges 6:19, ויּגּשׁ). Instead of כּערבה we should read כּערבה (without the article), as certain codd. and early editions do.

(Note: We find the same in Zechariah 14:10, and כּערבים in Isaiah 44:4, whereas we invariably have בּערבה (see Michlol, 45b), just as we always find בּאבנים, and on the other hand כּבנים.)

Isaiah having mourned in the tone of the Psalms, now comforts himself with the words of a psalm. Like David in Psalm 12:6, he hears Jehovah speak. The measure of Asshur's iniquity is full; the hour of Judah's redemption is come; Jehovah has looked on long enough, as though sitting still (Isaiah 18:4). Isaiah 33:10 "Now will I arise, saith Jehovah, now exalt myself, now lift up myself." Three times does the prophet repeat the word ‛attâh (now), which is so significant a word with all the prophets, but more especially with Hosea and Isaiah, and which always fixes the boundary-line and turning-point between love and wrath, wrath and love. ארומם (in half pause for ארוממא is contracted from עתרומם (Ges. 54, 2, b). Jehovah would rise up from His throne, and show Himself in all His greatness to the enemies of Israel.

Isaiah 33:15 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

that walketh

Isaiah 56:1,2 Thus said the LORD, Keep you judgment, and do justice: for my salvation is near to come, and my righteousness to be revealed...

Psalm 1:1-3 Blessed is the man that walks not in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stands in the way of sinners...

Psalm 15:1,2 Lord, who shall abide in your tabernacle? who shall dwell in your holy hill...

Psalm 24:4,5 He that has clean hands, and a pure heart; who has not lifted up his soul to vanity, nor sworn deceitfully...

Psalm 26:1,2 Judge me, O LORD; for I have walked in my integrity: I have trusted also in the LORD; therefore I shall not slide...

Psalm 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that does righteousness at all times.

Ezekiel 18:15-17 That has not eaten on the mountains, neither has lifted up his eyes to the idols of the house of Israel...

Malachi 2:6 The law of truth was in his mouth, and iniquity was not found in his lips: he walked with me in peace and equity...

Luke 1:6 And they were both righteous before God, walking in all the commandments and ordinances of the Lord blameless.

Romans 2:7 To them who by patient continuance in well doing seek for glory and honor and immortality, eternal life:

Titus 2:11,12 For the grace of God that brings salvation has appeared to all men...

1 John 3:7 Little children, let no man deceive you: he that does righteousness is righteous, even as he is righteous.

righteously. Heb. in righteousnesses
uprightly. Heb. in uprightnesses
despiseth

Nehemiah 5:7-13 Then I consulted with myself, and I rebuked the nobles, and the rulers, and said to them, You exact usury, every one of his brother...

Job 31:13-25 If I did despise the cause of my manservant or of my maidservant, when they contended with me...

Luke 3:12-14 Then came also publicans to be baptized, and said to him, Master, what shall we do...

Luke 19:8 And Zacchaeus stood, and said to the Lord: Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor...

James 5:4 Behold, the hire of the laborers who have reaped down your fields, which is of you kept back by fraud, cries...

oppressions. or, deceits
shaketh

Exodus 23:6-9 You shall not wrest the judgment of your poor in his cause...

Numbers 16:15 And Moses was very wroth, and said to the LORD, Respect not you their offering: I have not taken one donkey from them...

Deuteronomy 16:19 You shall not wrest judgment; you shall not respect persons, neither take a gift: for a gift does blind the eyes of the wise...

1 Samuel 12:3 Behold, here I am: witness against me before the LORD, and before his anointed: whose ox have I taken? or whose donkey have I taken?...

Jeremiah 5:26-28 For among my people are found wicked men: they lay wait, as he that sets snares; they set a trap, they catch men...

Micah 7:3,4 That they may do evil with both hands earnestly, the prince asks, and the judge asks for a reward; and the great man...

Matthew 26:15 And said to them, What will you give me, and I will deliver him to you? And they covenanted with him for thirty pieces of silver.

Acts 8:18-23 And when Simon saw that through laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Ghost was given, he offered them money...

2 Peter 2:14-16 Having eyes full of adultery, and that cannot cease from sin; beguiling unstable souls...

stoppeth

1 Samuel 24:4-7 And the men of David said to him, Behold the day of which the LORD said to you, Behold, I will deliver your enemy into your hand...

1 Samuel 26:8-11 Then said Abishai to David, God has delivered your enemy into your hand this day: now therefore let me smite him, I pray you...

Job 31:29-31 If I rejoice at the destruction of him that hated me, or lifted up myself when evil found him...

Psalm 26:4-6,9-11 I have not sat with vain persons, neither will I go in with dissemblers...

Jeremiah 40:15,16 Then Johanan the son of Kareah spoke to Gedaliah in Mizpah secretly saying, Let me go, I pray you...

Ephesians 5:11-13 And have no fellowship with the unfruitful works of darkness, but rather reprove them...

blood. Heb. bloods
shutteth

Psalm 119:37 Turn away my eyes from beholding vanity; and quicken you me in your way.

Cross References
Psalm 15:2
He who walks blamelessly and does what is right and speaks truth in his heart;

Psalm 24:4
He who has clean hands and a pure heart, who does not lift up his soul to what is false and does not swear deceitfully.

Psalm 119:37
Turn my eyes from looking at worthless things; and give me life in your ways.

Proverbs 10:9
Whoever walks in integrity walks securely, but he who makes his ways crooked will be found out.

Proverbs 15:27
Whoever is greedy for unjust gain troubles his own household, but he who hates bribes will live.

Isaiah 58:6
"Is not this the fast that I choose: to loose the bonds of wickedness, to undo the straps of the yoke, to let the oppressed go free, and to break every yoke?

Ezekiel 22:13
"Behold, I strike my hand at the dishonest gain that you have made, and at the blood that has been in your midst.

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