Hebrews 9:23
Parallel Verses
English Standard Version
Thus it was necessary for the copies of the heavenly things to be purified with these rites, but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

King James Bible
It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

American Standard Version
It was necessary therefore that the copies of the things in the heavens should be cleansed with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Douay-Rheims Bible
It is necessary therefore that the patterns of heavenly things should be cleansed with these: but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

English Revised Version
It was necessary therefore that the copies of the things in the heavens should be cleansed with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Webster's Bible Translation
It was therefore necessary that the patterns of things in the heavens should be purified with these; but the heavenly things themselves with better sacrifices than these.

Weymouth New Testament
It was needful therefore that the copies of the things in Heaven should be cleansed in this way, but that the heavenly things themselves should be cleansed with more costly sacrifices.

Hebrews 9:23 Parallel
Commentary
Vincent's Word Studies

The heavenly sanctuary required a better purification than the Levitical.

The patterns of things in the heavens

The earthly tabernacle and its furniture. See on Hebrews 8:5.

With these (τούτοις)

Things specified in Hebrews 9:19.

With better sacrifices (κρείττοσι θυσίαις)

How can it be said that the heavenly things needed cleansing? It is not easy to answer. Various explanations have been proposed, which the student will find collected in Alford's note on this passage. The expression is rhetorical and figurative, and appears to be founded on that feature of the Levitical ritual according to which the high priest was required, on the Great Day of Atonement, to make an atonement for the sanctuary, "because of the uncleanness of the children of Israel." He was to do this also for the tabernacle of the congregation, and for the great altar. See Leviticus 16:16 ff. The rite implied that even the holy of holies had contracted defilement from the people's sin. Similarly, the atoning blood of Christ is conceived as purifying the things of the heavenly sanctuary which had been defiled by the sins of men. "If the heavenly city of God, with its Holy Place, is, conformably with the promise, destined for the covenant-people, that they may there attain to perfect fellowship with God, then their guilt has defiled these holy things as well as the earthly, and they must be purified in the same way as the typical law appointed for the latter, only not by the blood of an imperfect, but of a perfect sacrifice" (Delitzsch).

Hebrews 9:23 Parallel Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

the patterns.

Hebrews 9:9,10,24 Which was a figure for the time then present, in which were offered both gifts and sacrifices...

Hebrews 8:5 Who serve to the example and shadow of heavenly things, as Moses was admonished of God when he was about to make the tabernacle: for...

Hebrews 10:1 For the law having a shadow of good things to come, and not the very image of the things...

Colossians 2:17 Which are a shadow of things to come; but the body is of Christ.

the heavenly.

Hebrews 9:11,12,14,24 But Christ being come an high priest of good things to come, by a greater and more perfect tabernacle, not made with hands...

Hebrews 10:4,10-17 For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and of goats should take away sins...

Luke 24:26,46 Ought not Christ to have suffered these things, and to enter into his glory...

John 14:3 And if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again, and receive you to myself; that where I am, there you may be also.

1 Peter 1:19-21 But with the precious blood of Christ, as of a lamb without blemish and without spot...

Revelation 5:9 And they sung a new song, saying, You are worthy to take the book, and to open the seals thereof: for you were slain...

Cross References
Acts 23:15
Now therefore you, along with the council, give notice to the tribune to bring him down to you, as though you were going to determine his case more exactly. And we are ready to kill him before he comes near."

Hebrews 8:5
They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, "See that you make everything according to the pattern that was shown you on the mountain."

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